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-.. ■■ # - Two women have recently been regularly licensed aB captains of vessels, one m New York harbor, the other on the Mississippi, This morning before His Honor Judge Ward, Mr O, Braddell was, on the application of Mr Outhbertson, admitted as a sworn valuator under the Land Transfer Aot* No farther oharges have been sent to the Commission te Rawson. The time for sending m charges expired at four o'clock on Saturday. France's foreign population is rapidly increasing. She has now over 1,000,000 natives of Belgium, Italy, Germany, Switzerland, Spain, etc. The "Napier Telegraph" whioh may be said to Bp^ak with authority, says that the report that Mr Ormond intends to retire from politics is absolutely without foundation. In Ontario, a man summoned for a breaoh of the law, and being unable to appear m Court, telephoned admitting his guilt, and was fined a dollar and oosts through the same medium. The Dunedin Exhibition Committee has re* solved to call for tenders for the building m all the principal towns as well as Dune<lin. The Canterbury Committee are to be reques* ted to nominate additional four Commissioners. A local angler landed two fine trout from the Rangitata laßt.week, a male fish wbioh weighed 161bs and a female one of 131bs. Both were m very fine oondition. The 16-pounder is probably the largest fish taken this season m this district. The Prinooes of Wales 10 meagre m her millinery. The other day she was having Borne hats made for her daughters, and took her own material to be made up. She seldom gives mure-than 30a io£ a bonnet. The mortality among the European navvies at Panama during the paßt three months has readied the astounding figure of 98 per 1000. That is as near as may be to deoimation. The total number of Europeans who have perished m proseouting this undertaking is 5200. There was an exciting race between two Steamers (the Elingamite and the Burmah) on their last trip from Melbourne to Sydney. The Elingamite won by five minutes, the time from Heads to Heads being as nearly as possible 44 hours. Tee road between Christohuroh and Hokitika is impassible owing to heavy rains, and mails are stuok up. The road from Otira to Bealey has Blipped and waß washed away, and is said to be very bad. It is impossible for mails to reaoh Hokitika before next Thursday. The wires to Bealey are down. The New South Wales defioit is £4,064,747. In making the announcement to the House Mr Garvan said that two or three millions of trust funds had been improperly used by the Treasury to oarry on the Government, and he proposed as soon as possible to put the trust funds upon s.uoh a basis that it would be impQßsible to so misuse them m future. A new plant for ensilage is the JjfltJiyms syfvettrta, or everlasting pea, whiob thrives on the moat arid and sterile Boils, forms excellent fodder for cattle when treated as ensilage, and is quite as nutritious as clover. It is claimed that praotioal experiments m Franoe have demonstrated its valU9. The " Rule of the Road " is a paradox quite, both m riding and driving along : if you go to the left you are Bare to go right, if you go the right you go wrong. B,ut ip walking along 'tis a different case; to the right it ia right you should bear ; to the left should be left enough of free space for the persons you chance to meet there. ■ A defendant walked into court with an 0-iormoua bludgeon under his arm. Judge: What have you brought that bludgeon here for?" Defendant: "I was told m the surrmons, your Lordship, to oome provided with any means of defence. I first thought of bringing my axe, but then 1 fancied this would dp.'" On Jan. 25th Lord Wolseley delivered an address at Birmingham on the relations between the different parts of the British Empire and the conditions of imperial defence. Lord Wolseley took a gloomy view of the immediate future. The great countries of Europe are arming to the teeth, and he declares, not only that a greater war-cloud than ever hung before, is now hanging over the world, but that this oloud will assuredly burst. What we have to consider is whether we can keep ourselves out of the storm, and whether, \l we should be drawn into the struggle, we chap be able tp defend our interests. He said that the empire osn be defended apd ought to be defended ; but he protested against the postponement of the neoeesary measures until the danger is upon us. We pride ourselves as a nation on poßsesßing the power of the purse ; but the conditions of modern warfare are suoh that this power must be used m time if it is to be effeotnal. There might not be time to take the money out of the purse, The rapidity with which warlike operations are now oarried on would prevent any dountay from creating an army or navy while those operations are m progress.

The Canadian Marine Insurance Companies announce a reduction m the premiums oharged upon all vessels which oarry a store of oil for the purpose of oalming rough waters ; and, as it ia said that this reduotion will more than cover the oost of the oil and the Bimple apparatus required, there is no doubt that all the customers of these companies will equip their ships therewith. Grain, principally wheat, is being received m the West street stores m large quantities. The samplers report very favorably of the , wheat, and seconds will evidently be very scarce this season. Some oats Are good, others very light. There is a good enquiry for wheat, and some considerable sales have been effeoted during the last few days at advanced rates compared with those ourrent a week ago. Oats oontinue dull. An enterprising purveyor of cheap food announoea his intention of running a servioe of what ha calls "lunoheon cars" m the public thoroughfares of the metropolis. Eaoh ear is to oarry about with it a cook, together with a cooking apparatus and a good supply of the neoessary raw material ; and to prevent the ohargo of obstruction, or anything of the kind, the publio will be invited to enter the vehicles and to take their cheap lunoheon en route, so to speak. "Before 30 jears," writes Count Leon Tolstoi, "private property m land will be as ranoh a thing of the past aa now ia serfdom. England, Amerioa, and Russia, will be the first to Bolve the problem. Already the work makes progress. When I was a young man, the emancipation of the serf preoooupied the mind of the Russian youth. To day, another work oommands the attention of our sons — the destruction of the private ownership of Una. 1 ; Extraordinary excitement is being oaused throughout Donegal by what are deolared to be miraculous oures affeoted by a Roman Oatholio priest, named Larkin, lately arrived from Surrey, England. Large orowda follow the priest's steps, and scenes of excitement ocour suoh as were associated with the Knock apparitions. Cripples oarried many miles are Baid to have been enabled to walk without assistance, and sight ia said to have been restored to the blind. The "South Canterbury Times" ia "authorised to state that m response to Colonel Bailey's application the Defenoe Minister has authorised an expenditure of £50 on an encampment of South Canterbury volunteers. Thiß is a smaller sum than has been granted In previous years, but the companies will agree to "make it do." Colonel Bailey has also applied to the Defenoe Minister for permission for the South Canterbury oorps to join m the North Canterbury oamp, and (o the officers of the latter for their approval of the proposal. In any oase a oamp will be held, but it will he muoh better for the men, and a better turn out would be got if it oan be held m combination with North I Canterbury."

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LOCAL AND GENERAL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2085, 12 March 1889

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2085, 12 March 1889