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LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2080, 6 March 1889
LOCAL AND GENERAL
It is rumored m Paris that M. Gounod, the oompoaer, is losing his mind. The lower house of the Au3trian Reiohsrath has suspended trial by jury m fifteen judicial distriota under the Auarohisfc laws. ' Mr Joseph Chamberlain has nine orohid houses joined together and to the drawingroom and lighted with eleotrioity. His atook of orchids is said to b 8 worth £8000, Tho "New Zealand Herald" complains that " it appears that nothing will stop the disgraceful pilfering of books " which is going on at the Auokland Free Library. A Yankee brother quill Bays that the phonograph ought to be spoken of as " she " for " two reasons— first, it talks baok ; aeoond, it always has the last word." ||We remind our readers that; Misa Amy Vaughan and Company open at the Oddfellows' Hall this evening. They are said to provide a capital programme, and we expeot to see a good house. The Duke of Sutherland is the greatest land owner m Great Britain, where hrs possessions embrace 1,358,645 acres. He also owns large tracts of land m the United States, aggregating, it is said, 425,000 sores. The largesb personal estates whioh were proved last year by executors of deceased persons were those of Baron Stern (£3,541,000), Mr Hugh M'Oalmont £8,121,000, Sir Robert Loder (£2,500,000), the seoond Lord Wolverton (1,820,000), and Sir JohD Hardy, with £1,035,000. The enormous rise m the value of property at Berlin is shown by the faot that the Hotel dv Nord has jaat been sold to the German Discount Society for £176,000, whereas m 1864 it was purohased for £40,000, and m 1843 for £18,000. Mr Edison promises to put his phonograph to a ourious practical use. His intention is to furnish his Bubsoribera with a talking daily newspaper. The little instrument will be qharged with a condensation of the news of the day, and eaoh subscriber will lißten to it while at breakfast. A lady m Dumbartonshire, whosa pet dog reoently died, was much afflicted by the loss of the creature, and she manifes ed her grief by having its carcase placed m « an elegant mahogany coffin with brass mountings," whioh was deposited m the family burying ground m the neighboring oemetery. The Pope's Jubilee gift to the Empress of Austria wbb the only one whioh Her Majesty would aooepL It was a large, splendid mosiao, representing the Virgin and Child surrounded by flowers. It is a copy of a very fine painting m the Vatioan by David Someler The mosaic is five feet m height, and it has taken several years to complete it. The following is the programme m connection with the Jubilee Exhibition at Dunedin :— Tuesday, 26 h November—Opening of the Exhibition, Cup day at the races. Thursday, 28— First day of the Agricultural and Pastoral Show. Saturday, 30th (St Andrew's Day)— ln the forenoon, the annual sale of stook ; m the afternoon, seoond day of raoes. Monday, 2nd Deoember—Third day of raoes. The Committee of the Ashburton Eacing Club last evening decided to appoint Mr George Cutts handioapper for the ensuing Autumn Meeting of tne Club. The date of closing nominations was altered to Saturday, April 27th—the Saturday after the Christ; ohuroh Autumn Meeting ; the handioaps for the first day's raoes to be published on May Brd, after the dose of the Timaru Autumn Meeting; and aooeptanoes to dose on Monday, May 6th. These dates are somewhat close upon one another, but the meeting coming bo olosely upon that at Timaru, loaves the Committee no choioe m the matter. The programme has been approved by the Canterbury Jockey piub, and will be advertised m our columns next Saturday. The Borough authorities are oarrying out a work whioh will conduoo greatly to the oomfort of pedestrians by topdressing some of the asphalte pavemepts, but appear to be turning their, attention to those particular lootwaya which require it least rather than those whioh Btand most m need of improve* ment. For exatnple the pavement m Burnett Street, whioh was m protty fair order, has received a topdresßing, while that on the north side of Moore street East, the very worst bit m the town, seems to have been overlooked. This should be looked to at onoe, as owing to faulty laying of the asphalte m the first instanoe, the footway referred to is little better than a rough gravel path. From the report of the Japanese Railway Bureau for the past year, which has just appeared, it would seem that, rapidly as it is progressing, railway construction m that oountry has to meet unusual difficulties, owing to the physical geography of Japan, One lfoQ of 205 miles m length, iovnlven the construe i!°.° °.f tfl f?'H n P el 8» W-OQQw '« length and the bridging of eleven rivers. One of these has a velooity of flood of 27ft per second, and m another the brick piers have to he sunk to a depth of 80ft, k, range of mountains ia orossed at a height of 1468 ft. Part of another line aaoends to a height of 3144 ft, and during five months m the year work is rendered impossible by the snow, and sometimes m the summer months an epidemic of oholera has the same effect. Some time ago it was reported that a quantity of fi9h supposed to be salmon had teen Been m the Aparima r|ver, and we are now glad tp learn on the authority of the " Southland Times " that on Saturday last " Mr John Burt, Ranger for the Otago Aooli. matißation Sooiety, who are jointly interested with the local Bopietv m the young salmon placed m the tributaries of the Aparima last year, assisted by Mr Allen Browning, seoared two fine specimens of the fish m a tributary of the river. The fish were Been m smarms by Mr Burt and Ranger MoKay of Dipton, and they agreed that they are the true British salmon." We hope that this excellent news will be confirmed and that the aoolimatisation of the salmo salaf m New Zealand waters is. at last a.n aogomplislje^ faot. " ■ r We aro m receipt from Mr J. Fenton Wingate, thu Christchuroh agent, of samples of the tea produced by the Planters' Association of Ceylon. Having tasted it, wo oan apeak very favorably of ita quality, it being a pure leaf of good strength and flavor. A oiroular aooompanyiog the samples gives some interesting particulars regarding tea oultivation m Ceylon, whioh is a comparatively new industry m that oountry, from whioh vie learn that " m 1873 the exports of tea from Ceylon were 231bs ; m 1885 they have been 4 } million lbs ; m 1886 they will be about 10 million lbs, and m the near future 40 million lbs. The area under tea m the island is rapidly extend.* ing, and already 120.QQQ aores have heen planted, Over 700" European planters and 150,000 Indian and Cingalese laborers arc engaged m the cultivation. Some of tho plantations are but little above sea level, while others run up to an elevation of 6000 feet, The average altitude of the larger districts is about 4000 fset above sea level, an elevation at whioh the climate is pleasant and most healthy. A railway runs up into the hills and a good system of cart roads exists, so that most of the estates are already within a day's journey from Colombo— the capital and shipping port." It is claimed for Ceylon tea that m addition to other good qualities it is economical, the oiroular asoerting that " it is geparaljv admitted that two pounds of Ceylon will go aa far aa three pounds of China:"
The late Emperor William is credited with having saved £2,400,000 out of his public allowance. An information has been laid against O. M, Gray, a member of the Ghrißtohuroh City OounoiJ, for assaulting P. Selig of the •' Referee " newspaper. A Parliamentary return just published shows that the income of the Isle of Mao for the year ending March 31st, 1888, was (including balance of £10,549 from last year) £66,715. The expenditure for the year amounted to £52,077, leaving a balanoe of £14,638. Sir Biohard Webs* er is only forty-six years !old, and though he has been but twenty years oalled to the Bar, and ten Q. 0., his private praotioe must be worth at least £15,000 a year. In addition to this he has £7000 as Attorney-General, and fees whioh will amount to about £5000 more. The Bink de Paris ib to be re-opened on Monday night, Maroh 11th. The manager has provided speoial attractions for|the occasion, inoluding a performance by the Rosello Bros, who will give an exhibition on the double trapeze, and the flying leap. The Aahburton Brass Band has been engaged to play ieleotions during the evening. An Austrian chemist claims to have invented a fluid of moat destructive properties. This fluid, when brought into contact with the air, after the explosion of a shell m whioh it had been contained, is transformed into gas, whioh being heavier than the air, descends to the ground, billing all men and animals within its reach. At Ohristohuroh last night a largely attended meeting, presided over by the Primate, and addressed by the Bishops of Neleon and Waiapu, passed a resolution m favor of forming a union of men of all denominations to promote purity among men, chivalrous respeot for womanhood, and a higher tone of public opinion. A newly appointed crier m a oountry oourt of justice m Australia where 1 there are many Chinese was ordered by the judge to summon a witness to stand. •♦ Call for Ah Song," was the command. The crier was puzzled for a moment ; he glanoed Bhyly at the judge acd found him as grave as an undertaker, then turning to the spectators, ba blandly simpered :— Gentleman, would any of you favour his Honor with a song." A reporter of the « Nelson Colonist M has been round the hop gardens and reports that altogether the growers say that they have every reason to be satisfied with the crops this season. They are decidedly heavier than those of last year, and as the prioes are likely to rule higher, the growers should make up for some of their ill-luok of the paat few yearß, when orops have been light and prioes low. The eighth annual meeting of the Cooperate Freehold Land Society Association of men without large oapital for the purpose of acquiring land on deferred payments, was held at Ghristohuroh last night. The report showed remarkable progress. The annual inoome was £1800 against £200 two years ago. The. aooiety has acquired 5000 aores m various parts of the district, and disposed of most of it m sections varying from a quarter of an acre to an aore. The correspondent of a New York, daily writes from Monte Carlo about the dulnesa of things there owing to the slow play whioh has prevailed for the last fortnight. The only E lunger worth naming during the last week a9 been Grand Duke Peter, nephew of the Czar. This young man, by industriously betting the limit, managed to lose 1,000,000fr m a very short time. Instead of being sorry all the other Russians were glad, for his mother is enormously wealthy and notoriously a great; An old man named! Thomas eonsing, who has been living at Hood'g Hotel, Mount gomers, for a number of years past was yesterday sent to a paddook some short distance from the hotel to catch a horse. He left the hotel for this purpose but about one o'clook m the afternoon was found lying at the side of the road, life being rfuite' extmot. Ooqsins was 77 years of age "and was an old identity, having been m the oounty considerably over twenty years. An inquest will be held at Mount Somere this evening, A German newspaper published m Palestine states that the city of Jerusalem is growing m size and population at a remarkable rate. New buildinßß are rising daily; ohurohes, gardens, and institutions of various kinds are filling up the formerly desolate neighborhood to the distance of half an hour's walk beyond the old limits of the city. The Bothaohilds have completed a new hospital; Close beside it there is a new Abyssinian ohuroh The Russians have built a high tower upon the Mount of Olives, |from whose summit the Mediterranean and the D ea ,d. Sea can both, be seen, ■ - ■ • .. ; Notwithstanding all the noise made about bayonets that band, and swords that break, and guns that jam, Mr Burleigh tolegrapha to the •' Daily Telegraph " :— " There have been many complaints of swords breaking and of the bending of bayonets. During the oharge of the Husßarß one of our men was killed m donsequenoe of his sword breaking as be was warding off the spear of an Arab. Three other swords of our men were broken during the oharge. Three Government revolvers could not be discharged owing to clogging." If this happened m a petty aorlmmage of half an hour with half starved tribesmen whom we outnumbered by three to one, what would have happened m a real battle lasting all day with a respectable foe, who met us on ■ equal terns ?"
LOCAL AND GENERAL, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2080, 6 March 1889
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