WHY TE KOOTI IS DETESTED
A &TORY OF MAORI MASSACRE.
The " Otsgo Dally Time%" referring to the pxoltement oaused In Poverty Bay bj Te JL)otl's threatened visit, says: — I( IJ; may be of Interest briefly to recall the salient facto of that Incident In the Maori war whloh has made Te Kootl a name of horror to the settlers In and around Glsborae. There oan, we fear, be no doubt that Te Kootl m the first Instance was treated with gross lnjastioe by the 0010 nlal authorities. He first appears m New Zealand history In the year 1868, when the Hsutuu prophets were proaeltysing on the East Ooaeit, and instigating the peaoefol Natives to revolt. Afttr the siege of the Waerenga-a-Hlka pah, Te Kootl, then a young man of 30, notorious for his thieving propensities and dare devil oharaoter, was accused of holdiDg treasonous commnnioitiou with the enemy, and, although there .was no prouf of his treachery, was deported, along with certain other Maori prisoners, to the Ohathßm Islands. How Te Kootl, with his Maori fellow prisoners, jaade hltrjßelf master of the Island whloh served them for a prison; how he sailed baok to Poverty Bay m the sohoonc* Biflemao, of which he had taken forolble possession, compelling the English crew to navigate the oraft; and how moderately and merolfnlly he used his power on that ocoasion — a'l this, though it makes a very Interesting ohapter m the war, is too long to tell m detail. After the arrival of Te Kooti and h<B Maoris m the Poverty Bay dUtrlot, they were pursued up hill and down dale by the Indefatigable Colonel Whltmore and his foroas, through terribly difficult country, till at last, on overtaking tbe Hauhaus at the Buaklturl Gorge, the gallant oolonel was forced, from the diffioalt nature of the ground and the troublesome taoUos of the Maoris, to beat a retreat, leaving Te Kooti to entrench himself at Puketapo and establish friendly relations with the Natives all over the district. In revecge for this harassing pursuit by Colonel Whltmore, Te Kootl determined to make a raid on the settlers of Poverty Bay. One man there, a certain Mr Wylie, was his dearest enemy, for Wylle had been the immediate cause of his transport ition to tbe Chathatns acd Te Kooti looked forward to the time when be should be able "to cat Wylie's fleph off m pieces till he died." Meanwhile the settlers ifl Poverty Bay were very uneasy. Major Biggs, Ihe officer ip command of the district, had made his arrangements for obtaining the earliest intelligence of the enemy's movements and approach. Meetings of the settlers were oalled, a Vigilanca Committee was formed, and certain plans of defence were agreed upon . There were two ways by which the enemy might come upon them — a ehort, direot, and easy route by way of Te Beinga, and a roundabout and difficult track dowa tbe M karetu Valley and across the Patutabi Ford, Unfortunately, counsels were divided. The Vigilance Committee determined to watch the ford. Major Biggs poohpoohed tbis as abEurd, aud cbarao terized their alarm as unnecessary ; and the Committee In disgust cea-ed to act. But it was by tbis very Patutahl Ford that Te Kooti and his followers descended all unannounced at midnight upon the settlement, and masiaored men, women and children, to the number of 33. Te Kootl had had more oerta n means of Information than the EogMsb settlers. He knew exactly where eabh of bis viotlnas lived, and had been supplied wltb an accurate description of every homestead, His followers, joined by the wavering Natives of tha .district, divided themselves into parties and flot themselves methodically to their butohery The detested Wylie was the first to present himself, He was seen sitting m his house writlDg at a table : but Te Kootl, feeling sure of him, and prob*bly wishing to reserve bis ohoioest vlotlm until he had time to take an easy and leisurely venge* ance, deferred dealing with him until the others were despatched. Messrs Dodd and Puppard were murdered at their station. Major Biggs, whan tbe Hauhaus oame upon him, was also busy writing, He oalled to his wife, who was m bed, to eccape by the baok door, but she would &pt leave her husband. Biggs was shot as he stood In his doorway. Mrs Biggs, the baby, and a servant were towahawked ; only a boy etcsped by tbe back of the bouse, Trhere, bidden m a flax bu3h, he observed tbe murder of the mother and child, The massacre of the Wilson family was as tragio as anything In this awful tragedy. Captain Wilson, like Major Blgge, was busy writing when the Maoris knocked at his door. They bore a letter for him, they said, from a friendly ohlef, Hlrlnl te Kan', • .Buspeotlng tbe'r purpose, Wllioi desired them to put tne letter under the door, and meanwhile summoned his servant Moran, who was sleeping In an outhouse to come to his assistance. Toe Haphaus tried to batter down the door, but Wilson's revolver made them desist from this. Tbey then set fire to eaoh end of the house. Captain Wilson was assured of safety for himself and his family If he would surrender, and, seeing no other way to escape from death by fire, he did so. The oaptain was shot ; his servant Moran was tomahawked ; Mrs Wilson and the children were merollessly bayoneted — only one little boy (James) escaped and. bid himself m the bush, A week later a search party sent out to bury the dead saw a small pocdle dog, which ran into the scrub and refused to be coaxed out again. After half an hour's search they came upon the poodle tightly claeped m the boy's arms. The little fellow had at first taken them for enemies, and was afraid to stir. After bis escape from his f ather s murderers he had wandered about, hiding himself m the sorob and sleeping m outhouses. At length he wandered back to his home, and to his joy found hid mother m an outhouse alive, though gr evously wounded. He kept himself and his mother from starvation by foraging for eggs m the fowlhouses. Mrs Wilson was removed to a place of safety, but ultimately succumbed to tho injuries she had received ; so that James Wilson was the only one of this family who escaped. These are only a few of the horrible atrocities perpetrated m Poverty Bay by Te Kooti and his devilish crew, but they are sufficient to show tbe merciless cruelty of tho miieaore,
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WHY TE KOOTI IS DETESTED, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2070, 22 February 1889
WHY TE KOOTI IS DETESTED Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2070, 22 February 1889
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