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(VBOK OUB OWN CORRESPONDENT.! imois or alcohol m tranc*. Tha report the Frenoh Senatorial Committee on the consumption of aloohol m Fffttjoe la fall of novelty, as showing that ■lace the invasion of the oidincn and phylloxera a complete revolution has coma orer the drinking customs of the Frenoh, iplrlts having taken the plaoa of wines, aod soon spirits are no longer distilled as they used to be from wine, bat froja potatoes, pianos, apples, and peats The aloohols thas prepared are extremely poisonons m their qualities, and la oomeqoonoe of this a most extraordinary inorease of iassnity suicide and criminality has been found to exist m the die trlflts wherefthese drinks are most used. The license to cell alo-hol m Fracoa is Very low, being only 15fr per anuam m oommoaes under 60,000 inhabitants, and In larger communes 50fr. The duty on spirits is 166 r r per beotolltre of pare alcohol oDntnlced m brandy. Although •li alcohols are toxlo, experiments have shown that, whilst eight grammes per 1000 grammes body weight of etbylio or ordinary aloohol will kill an ani<nal, onetight of that quantity of propyllo alcohol will prove fatal, and one quarter of that quantity of butyllo aloohol or of amylio alcohol. These aloohols are fonnd m the Impure spirit now so oxtenslvely oonsnmed by tha French. Dr. Laneereaun, of Parb, has lately borne witness to the faot that the spirit dr.'nkeM of Paris and other districts of France, &6t only hare all k<nds of nervous at>d other fatal diseases, but that their children •re gravely effected by epilepsy, .nsanity, end hysteria, Normandy— where such fopare alcohol is largely druok— is noted lor the extreme'y high death-rate of infant*, and for the immense number of eases of -exemption from ccnsotlptlon on soeount of bndlly Infi mltles. Un-fortoqate-y the French law permits distil latlon to take place without any duty by any firmer or proprietor, so long as he oottsumes only the prodnoa of li* own fields. Hence, m Normandy and other parts of the north of France, tl ree-quarters of BIT the alcohol manufuc'ured is made m this clandestine manner to the great detriment of the publlo health. BAUDOT. In v'ew of the demonstration whloh tookplaoe In Paris on Baadln's grave, the foHowtag details respecting the death of the Btpubllean Deputy, on the barricade of the Rue Ste-Marguerlte, may be read j vlth Interest :— An eld man named Brule, nova pensioner of the Petltes Soeurs des PauTres, saw Bandln shot, and has still • vivid recollection of the circumstances. 'He was • market gardener, and having | •old bis vegetables m Paris, was returning to Saint-Monde with a load of manure, when at the pd trance to the Faubourg St. Astolne ha was told there was some wsrm • jrork going on In front end was advised to be careful. On reaching the top of the Use Salnte-Marguerite he saw two carriages overturned m the middle of the read, where two men were haranDglng the byetspders, and trying to induce them to rake a barricade. One, wqo wore a 1 Deputy's ecxrf, sneeeded In persuading some fifteen persons to jolu him m the work. The Deputy was Baudln. Pereeiviop Broil he came up to him and asked him to leave the cart and take away the horse, adding, "The Republic will pay yon. " Brn'e* did as he was requested, tfcoogb not without some grumbling, and when be came back his cart bad ala > Been overturned. Bandln was still hard at work, and m a little while he and his friends had raised a barttoade. This was baldly completed when a regiment from Versailles, aoeompenied by a b»ttery of artillery, was leen advaccing. The colonel reined m his horse m front of the barrloade and three times snmsnooep its defenders to surrender. The reply wss a musket shot. The soldiers then fired a volley, and Brule* saw 'Baudln fall, together with a woman who sad imprudently remained (n the road. The Representative of the people fell forward and the blood gushed from a woond In ibis fotebead. The soldiers FC*lbd the t>artloade, and by the colonel's orders | carried Baadln Into the bcuse, on the front of which a commemorative Inscription may now ba rear*. He was still iMttg, and when he had been laid upon a ted be had the strength to sty " This is how a Representative dies for the sake of twenty-five francs a day." This was ' msnifestly In reply to the tannt that had been levelled at him some hours earlier. THX DTJCHXBB Of OALLDEBA. Referring to the Dncbess at Parle, where she lived for many years of Gafflere, whose death Is just announced In a splendid hotel of the Rue de "Varennes, ' It Is said that her liberalities m France ate 7 estimated at 60,000,0n0f r. , and In Italy at "40 OOO.OOOfr. Her Wbm t Hh% Marquis of Brignolles Sale, was a&... t lnlai statesman «o4 si descendant of the Genoese Doges. BJie«arrled the Duke of Qalliera, a gre»t callwaf contractor In Franoe and Italy, who left tier SSO.OOO.OOOfr. The Duchess devoted tfce Interest and a considerable pert of the prirclpal to pnblfc objects. She gave . 25,00G,Cy0p f r. for harbor Im- . provementß ; at Genoa, erected two hospitals there snd gave her palsoe and Ifs contents for a museum. In Paris she gave 40,000 r or 50,000fr a year to the poor. She presented an art museum to the city at a cost of of 6,000,000*8, 20,000,000frs for free lodging houses for women, 24,000,000frs for an orphange apd asylum at Meudon, and lI,OOO,OOOfra for another hospital at Olsmart. She wag a staunoh -Catholic, and onoe sent I,OOC,COOfrr to Plus IX She lent her splendid mansloo .Jntheßne de Vareones to the Orleans family, and the marriage reception, which wsa the plea for banishment, was held there. Onthepssslog of the banishment law she withdrew the use of the boose . from the Orleans family, and a ooolnets is ' eald to have ensued which led her to tevoke legaoles to them* Her only son i Jim refused to bear the ducal title or to ] profit bU by Inheritance, !but styles himself "Monsieur Ferrari/' and is professor In a Paris college High mass w»s ssld the other day at 11 a.m. at the Chnroh of St FranoU ILavler for the repoieof the sonl of Mme. Brlgnolles Sale. Duohiss de Oalllera, and the remains will lubiequently He m the vrullb of the s«me edifice until their removal to Voltri, where the decaascd | lady founded a monsstery for Oapuohfns to watch over the tomb of the Duke. The Duehett, who had as gueits at her villa at Voltri the Emperor and Empress jErederiek, then Grown Prince snd Grown ■PtinceM, during the Imperial patient's ,atagr*t Sao Bemo, was, ever ilnee, sincerely .attached to theEmperer, to whom ■ she has «osr made a handsome bequest. ...At her Itajetty'js request, Mile, de Muddaughter o| IhejGrermsn Ambsassdor j^tn Paris, has jus.t visited the Dooheee' residence In the Rue deYarennejs to pny b mark of raspeot to the remilns of a Jsdy c|o onlTtmllj TtgvitU4< ' i

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ITEMS FROM PARIS, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2063, 14 February 1889

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ITEMS FROM PARIS Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2063, 14 February 1889