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— . — Eleotrioity moves 288,000 miles per seoond. Diptheria has made its ppearanoe at Roxburgh, Otago. The Japanese army is now 150,000 strong. It will be 600,000 before long. The other day about a oartload of splendid mallet was got at the mouth of the Olutha People took them home by the basketful. The Tasmanian Government proposes an income tax of 4d m the £ on salaries and incomes from personal oxertion, and of 9d m the£ on inoomea from oapital. The register of medical practitioners- m New Zealand, as published m the "New Zealand Gazette," oontains 495 names ; and of dentists 107 names are on the register. A. "buooobblul rehearsal of " Ashore and Afloat " took place on Wednesday evening, and the date of performance has been fixed for the first week m March, It has been deoided to take the Benata Eawepo will case to the Privy Council, Mrs Donnelly giving seourity for the costs. In the meantime a "receiver "is looking after the properties m dispute. A rumour having found circulation that Sir R. Stout was likely to be a candidate for an Otago seat about to beoome vacant, he has authorised the "Dunedin Star" to say that he has no intention of entering politics at present. The following letters from plaoes beyond the oolony wore received at the Asbborton Post Office during the month of December, and are now lying unclaimed: — E. W. Beckett, Agnes Cameron, John Jamieson, James Lamp, B. Parker. The Bey James Milne Smith, an old time Covenanter, who would not confirm to the rules of the New Zealand Presbyterian Ohurob, has jUBt died m Auokland. Before he died he gave orders that there was to be no ceremony over his grave. The " Bangitikei Chroniole Bays ; — It is a pity that at the meeting of the New- Zealand Midland Railway last week no shareholder protested against the exoesaive salaries of the directors. The earn of £750 per annum for a director, with (we are told) £1000 a year for the chairman, is surely out of all reason, Miss 3 illie Maoallister, of Springfield, Eentuoky, is nineteen years old, blacker than darkneßß, is 6ft 2in high, and measures 7ft Sin about the waist, and Bft 6in round the arm below the elbow. Her net weight ia 672 pounds, notwithstanding which ahe earna a living at the washtub. The women students at the Institute m Paris have been doing remarkably well, They distinguished themselves more particularly m modern languages. In the examination for a fellowship, a woman took a first place m German, leaving behind her five male exhibitioners. My friend, said an Amerioan hotel keeper i to an over voraoious boarder, you eat top much, I shall have to charge you an extra © half-dollar. An extra half-dollar 1 replied the [. boarder, with his oountenanoe the very pioture ,f of pain. For goodness sake don't do that I I'm most dead now eating three dollars worth, a and if you put on an extra half-dollar I shall ~ certainly bust — I shall. fc The "Auokland Star" is responsible for ? the following : — " We learn on pretty good If authority that there waß a difference of opinion >f in the Cabinet about the Bailway Commissioners, Ministers being far from unanimous 7 upon the appointments made, and notwithS standing the statements to the contrary we B believe a good man from England did offer, n but was dropped." i- We learn from the " Western Star " thai )f no one has yet been found to fill the higt ■ office of Mayor, and the Beturning Officer if making another, the seventh, appeal to the £ burgesses to fill the ohair. ; Seeing that th( g highest civio offioe cannot find acceptance. ai I, the hands of any duly qualified oitizen, it i.i not surprising that the ordinary vaoanoy it the 06unoil should also remain unfilled." \ t ••»-• c The " North Otago Times " has seen i j sample of the grain grown m that., diatri.o this season. It is all that could be desirei 0 for quality, and with fine weather a splendic il sample should bo reaped. The yield wil c probably be over what a good many estimated t Borne tine ago it would be. The weather hai - been favorable, and althongh rust appeared 11 m some of the crops it has not affeoted m an] b way. c An extraordinary instanoe of the reooverj o of a lost ring may be added to the list o - ourious finds. A lady when digging holes foi p planting celery, unoonaoioualy dropped the ring into one of the holes. A plant w»e ■ inserted doubtless through the ring, and ai s the root grew, the ring must have beoomt 0 embedded m its substance. The ring hat s been given up for lost until the followinj winter, whed the mystery was oleared up bj *' the ring making its appearance among th< - soup at dinner m a portion of the celery root The immigration and emigration returni 1 for the last year show the arrivals to have a been 18,606, and the departures 22,781 r showing an exopss of emigrants of 9171 .f persons. The principal arrivals were— Froa the United Kingdom, 4138 ; Victoria, 4565 n New South Wales, 3777. The departurei a wore — To the United Kingdom, 1964; Viotoria d 11,550; New South Wales, 7611. TheCbineßf <t arrivals during the year were 808, and th< departures 211, , The cable message which reaohed Nev, '* Zealand m reference to the death of the'lati ■" Madame lima De Murska stated that hei '- daughter committed suioide on hearing of hei c mother's death. The matter is put different); 0 m the message which appeared m the 11 Melbourne Argus," which reads : — Thi death is announced of Madame lima Dc - Murska, the celebrated vocalist, who waE c recently reported to ba in a state of destitutior \ jn New She received Borne letters from , hep daughter, and immediately afterwards . committed suicide.. 3 , We «re glad to learn that the results of the first year's working of the Mount Somerc 0 tramway ara very satisfactory. The tonnage i, of minerals oarried hag been 4500 tons and c the freight list shows a steady advance, ec that it Is confidently anticipated that the 9 tonnage oarried during the present year will 9 show an Increase of at least 50 per cent. - The stone trade at the present moment it 1 somewhat slacker owing to the tightness m ' the Melbourne money market, but the Mount flome'rs stone has now established a renatai ~ tion wbioh will command a large and increase 3 ing output. > The oenaus for 1890, preparations for whlofa 7 are already being made, promises to show it I the United States a population of more than . 70,000,000. The population m 1880, aooord' ing to the census of that year, wpb 50,155,785 3 persons, of whom 43,475,840 were native and i 6,679,943 foreign born. The natives bad r increased 10,484,698 from the figures of 1870 . which were 8,2,99,1,142, or B.l'S, per cent, The foreign element had gained more slowly ' bringing the percentage for the entire popula< i tion down to 80 per cent. The same rate oi j increase applied to the census of 1880 will j give an inorease of 15,046,639 persons during the ten yearß ending m 1890. The " Molbourno Argus," commenting on . the shortness of the French vintage, point! ■ out what are the prospeots of viticulture m ' Australia. The writer states the Frenob i deficit to be 17fl,00Q,0pQ gallons and eaya »— "What then, do we arrive at? Simply to pupply the JTrenoh defioit, if we produoed and Bold, we might make £8,800,000 per annum, while, if we made sound wine, the return \ would bo £30,800,000. And this for wine at 7£d a quart. Truly, it ia not without reason that the advocates of vitioulture talk largely of the prospeots of the future, and prophesy of results whioh will leave those of pastoraliats, miners, and agriculturists far down m the category of small and primitive affairs. Holloway's Ointment and Pills. In all outward complaints a desperate effort should be made to at once remove those annoying infirmities, and of establishing a cure. The remarkable remedies discovered by Professor Holloway will satisfactorily" accomplish this desirable result, without any of those dangers or drawbacks which attend the old method of treating ulceratious inflammations, scrofulous affections, and sporbulic eruptions. The most timid invalids may use botli the ointment and pills with the utmost safety with certain success, provided a moderate attention be bestowed on their accompanying " Directions." Both the preparations soothe, heal, and purify. The one assist the other materially m effect* ing cures and renewing strength by helping exhausted Nature just when she needi iuch rm m " " ■ ■■•&■

Man y years ago, bo lay geologists, bat not Farther baok than when the blue London day m which muoh of the lower part of Ipswich town now stands, there grew m those latitudes similar gam trees to those whioh now torm the characteristic foliage of Australia. A Mr David Boyle. writing to tha "Melbourne Argus" on the largest tree m the world, siates that 10 years ago he disoovered a euoalypfcuß tree, within 25 miles of Melbourne, 626 feet high. The writer's figures were called into question, and thus induced him to visit the spot again. He went m company with a photographer on the Bth met., and carefully measured* the tree with the" following reßult :— Height 466 ft, oiroumferenae 4ft from the ground 71ft, oiroumferenoe at base 114 ft. The difference between the" height ol the tree after a lapse of 10 years, is aooounted for by Mr Boyle who states that the top has been broken off by a storm! Samoa, oonoerning whioh bo muoh fqas is being made just now, consists of a group of islands, of trumpery total dimensions* The whole group of Samoan,— formerly known as the Navigators— lslands, comprise about 1200 square miles, equal to a block 40 mileß by 80. Tha group is divided into four larger and several smaller islands. The largest island is . called Savaii, the next largest, contiguous to it, is Upolu. The ohief harbor, the ohief town Apia,' and the present disturbance, are on Upolu. The Samoan islands are extremely fertile, but the importance of Apia is chiefly due to the faot that it is the commercial centre for nearly all the Paoifio Islands, where cargoes are oolleoted for Europe, and whenoe European manufactures are distributed. Mr William M'Hutoheson, of Dunedin, haß published a book descriptive of a holiday tour round the world under the title of " The New Zealander Abroad." The following is his deoription of Haleakala (or the house of the bud), the largest orater m the world, situated on the Island of Maui, Hawaii. " Its altitude," Bays our author, " is 10,000 feet, and its stupendous walls are 80 milea m ciroumferenoe. When m active operation, what an overwhelming speotaole Haleakala mußt have presented Thirty miles of roaring, liquid fire colored with all the hues of the rainbow, the blood-red waves oasting themselves with tempestuous fury against the enoiroling walls, the solid granite melting like wax and vomiting forth m terrible grandeur, the whole enveloped m hissing vapours and wreathed m volumes of sulphurous smoke," Australia 1b not the paradise whioh those m search of employment, or desirous of improving their position, are apt sometimes to imagine it to be, as the following extract from a private letter from Sydney will show, j The writer Bays: — "I have applied for different situations where there have been fifty applicants, and m two instances 1 was picked out amongst the lowest four, but waa unauooeßbful. If you think there is any chance of my getting anything to do m Auckland I would oome back at once. I should be very glad if you would kindly make enquiries and let me know. Living is very muoh cheaper m Auokland than, m Sydney. Potatoes are Belling- at 8d and 4d per lb, and milk at 6d a quart. In fact everything is going up m price. The people have grown tired of Free Frade, and are calling out for Protection. I hope Auokland is beginning to improve. I should only be too glad to oome baok if there was the smallest ohanoe, even • at email wages, if there was only a living— ••Auokland Herald." 1 Our new Governor is not a Sabbatarian, for ' we find him writing to the " Surrey Adver--1 tiser " respecting " Harvesting on a Sunday " 1 aa follows :— " As * a farmer of the neighbor* 1 hood ' of Merrow, though probably not the >, one referred to by your correspondent, * A Resident,' who was so Bhookod at the efforts t of the unfortunate agriculturist to avail himi self of the brief spell of harvest weather 3 vouchsafed to us up that time m this dis--3 aatroua year, by scouring his orop even on a 3 Sunday, I would like to refer your readers t and your correspondent to the 12th chapter s of St. Matthew and the 6th chapter of St. j Luke's Orospel, m whioh they will find the precedent on whioh tho ' farmer of the neighborhood ' may have relied. In addition to i the Divine sanction there given to neoessary t works on the Sabbath, it may be useful to i remind them that the highest earthly authority 1 m our own country stopped to express her ap--1 proval of similar exertions to secure the fruit! 1 of the earth m due seaßon m one exoepb tionally disastrous year m Scotland.— l am, i «to.,otwiiow. Lausanne, 16th Sept." r The best Remedy for Indigestion.— Norton's Camomile Pills are confidently f recommended as a simple remedy for indigesf tion,, which is the cause of nearly all the r diseases to which we are subject. Norton's ) Pills, with justice called the '"nature's i strengthener ql the human stomach," act as a 9 powerful tonic and gentle aperient, are mild i m their and safe under auy circum--1 stances Sold m bottles at is i&d, 2s g], I 43i by jail medicine vendors throughout the 7 world

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LOCAL AND GENERAL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2053, 2 February 1889

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2053, 2 February 1889

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