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»- Ur Gladstone Id hla contribution to tbe Youth's Companion, has forecasted tbe fiitare of the English-speaking races to the extent tbat be tbat wit hla a century they will praotloally bave the control* of the Inhabited globe. Tbls statement ie baaed npon the productiveness of these races m the past, aud this has been realised to such a degree tbat it ia estimated that the present number of Eogllsh speakers Is 106,000.000, which is an advance of 85,000,000 beyond what it was a century ago, and which authorises the exptoatlon that the cumber will reach 700,000,000 In 1988, or nearly twice tbe present population of Oblna. This Is Mr Gladstone's estimate of Increase. Other writers think tbat the English speakers will reach a thousand millions. These •re reasons for thinking that tbey are Increasing, and will increase, muoh fatter than tbe Germans or the Bussiauj, who •re tbe prolific peoples of Europe, There is nothing to hinder the English speakers from being enormously m excess of thoie who use any other language as their vernacular, and In tha estimate tbat tbey will be a thousand millions a hundred years hence it Is assumed that ihe populatim of tbe United States will then be 800.000.000 If the figures can be depended upon, and they are not In excess of the natural Increase of the Last century, the English speakers are to be tbe dcminant people of tbe world ; a*_d It is on tbe basis of this faot that Mr Gladstone proceeds to give Great Britain •nd the United States • little sensible •dvtoe* It ia plain, tbat the predominance of the English races will draw tbem into closer and closer relations. It will Increase their common stock of Interests and feelings. It will evolve through the mass " a atronger sense of moral oneness." Mr Gladstone takes a very hopeful view of the outlook. The United States Is too far from Europe to trouble the political situation. The period for rapid territorial conquests Is rapidly drawing to a close. Government of both country and city, and government of the state also. Is more highly organised than it waa a oentury ago, and the constant tendency la to give the people larger liberties and a greater social •nd Industrial ohanoe. This aogors well fur peaoe and general prosperity. But on the point of political supremacy Mr Gladstone le not loss optimistic Will the uprising nations at the ends of the eartb, which •re now dependencies of the British orown, oontlnoe to own Its supremacy a oentury henoe ? He knows of no reason why they ihonld not ; but even if they phoold m some Instances part asunder, there remain as indestructible ties the community of language and civilisation and religion, whioh are powerful beyond estimation In promoting substantial kinship beyond aeas. There Is a splendid illustration of this point In the relations of language and literature and commerce •nd social Interchange which, In eplte of considerable interruption, bave prevailed fot more than a century between English- j men and Americans, and were never closer than they are to-day. There are the strongest reasons for thinking tbat the freedom of Intercourse between the two oountries Is typical of what must always exist between all English-speaking peoples. In this light there Is muoh to be said about tbe future dnty of those who are unltrd by io many ties to one another, and stand m snob relations of nenbnderaflng Influenoe toward tfie rest ft W civilised "world. ' The English people will be the custodians of the rest of mankind. The' English tongue will reach •very part of tbe world, and English thought wIU be the most Influential thought. The Institutions whioh have 6' lyen precedence to the English raoes will c polyene}, and, on the principle of the •urtlval of the fittest, the distribution of fhi yu iho-aenU of htimato actlon ; " u wIU be to 'the 'advantage of those who speak English, while the powers of assimilation, whioh are teen to-dsv m the making of foreigners Into loyal American citizens, jpJU he still more operate In glving'prepedenpe to the opinions, the Institutions, •nj} t£e f tiling ideas of (he English speakfog nawons: Ther§ Is almost no Ujnlt to the possibilities of the futgrp. wfcpn it is viewed m tbe ptobable ascendancy of the tOoUI and polit'e-1 fora.B which now control the English-speaking nations, and Mr Gladstone rightly oono'.udes bis suggestive paper with tbe bope tnat ineee naaons may " waive sectional for general advantages,!' and "extract from eroh social force the maximum good uhl-h 1 It Is cupable or yielding." His look ahead Ib not the dream of an exil ed lor agination, but • close reokonlog with the 'past In order that the future may be seen m its possible realities. There is no one In England o* Amerioa who is more competent today to Out inch a horosdop*, and there is a great $t»l of whole. owe suggestion m Iti range - =v •« _

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Bibliographic details

ENGLISH-SPEAKING RACES, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2037, 15 January 1889

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ENGLISH-SPEAKING RACES Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2037, 15 January 1889