The Ashburton Guardian. Magna est Veritas et Prævalebit. THURSDAY, JANUARY 10, 1889. DANISH DAIRY FARMING.
An interesting report on the subject of " Dairy Farms m Denmark " has recently been issued by the Foreign Office from which we gather that Denmark, with a population of only two millions, possesses no less than 900,000 cows or nearly one to every two persons. These are owned by 150,000 persons, giving an average of six cows to each owner, and showing that of the whole population one person m every thirteen is more or less interested m the dairying industry. It is not surprising therefore to find that the butter production reaches enormous figures, the total for 1887 being given as 45,000,000 . These figures, however, show an increase of 50 per cent over those for 1886, for which year tbe total is giyen as 32,000,0001 b, which m its turn wag apt increase of 70 per cent on those for 1882, when the total was 19,000,0001 b, Thus m the five years, 1882-7, the annual production rose from 19,000,0001 bto 45,000,00Q1b, that is to say was increased nearly two-and-a-half times. This wonderful result is largely attributed to tbe invention of cream separators and to co operation. In 1880 many of the dairies were organised on the co operative principle, and there are said to be at tbe present time about 200 dairies of this kind m Denjnark, using on the average the milk of 5000 or 6000 cows per day. These co-opera-tive dairy farms are found to exercise a beneficial influence on the quality and uniformity of tho butter, all milk brought to the dairies which has the slightest taint, or m any way cornea short of the standard of first-class milk being rejected — hence the high character for purity and delicious flavor which Danish butter has attained. The co-operative dairies, we are told, are managed by a board of directors, each one of whom is himself a farmer, and tfeese farmers " show a great anxiety to turn out a quality of butter which will fetch the highest market price«," " The system of paying foi milk according to the /tjaantity of cream contained m it was introduced m 1880 m eight of these dairies with tho result of awakening interest m tbe quality of tho milk and making farmers moro careful." And, as showing the practical efiect of that interest, it is added that " one hundred farmers last year went through a course of instruction m testing the fatty quali ties of milk," and that younger dairy hands attend the five months' course of instruction at Ladalund Farm, where they $re taught writing, book-keeping^ mochanics, physics, phemistry, and anatpmy of domestip animals, together with, the practical testing- of milk." Great pains is taken t.o supply to the cows only such fodder as is calculated to produpe |;be best class of milk, and m every respect the industry of dairying is made the subject of careful study. Hence it is not to I?? wondered at that Danish butter ranks high fOT its excellence, the more especially when we learn on t^o testimony of Mr John Andrew, the buyer of the English and Scottish Co operative Societies, that "no producer m Denmark has ever received into his dairy any foreign substance to mix with his butter m order to enhance his profits and cheat the receiver." We have our co-operative dairy farms m New Zealand
some of which havo proved successful, and some unsuccessful m a financial sense. But those which have been unsuccessful may, we think, trace the cause to initial mistakes or to bad man agenient, and wo are persuaded that m tho near future the number of dairy factories will be largely increased with the most beneficial results to the colony. For m the words of a leaflet issued by the Cobden Club, " Co-operation as applied to dairy farming is m one of its happiest forms. It depreaßes rivalry, harmonises separate interests, and do,es not displace labor, which is merely set free for more profitable work on the f»rm ; while tfre better quality of dairy produce which organjspd industry effects, commands new markets and doubles and trebleß the demand."