A FIND OF LETTERS FOUR THOUSAND YEARS OLD
BOTAL O BKBBPONDBKCB BEEOBB THB EXODUS.
A dlsoovery, loms fruits of which have been added to the treasures In the British Museum, has enabled modern learnlDg to rifle the escrltolrs of the Pharaohs before the Exodus, nnd to explore their correspondence.
AN HISTORICAL OBrx .' WHAT BROUGHT THB , JEWS TO BOYPt ? The presence of large numbers of Semites m ancient Egypt has always beBD ft pozz'e to historians, and what first led to their migrating from Mesopotamia to the land of the Fharaobn has never hitherto been made clear. Qalte recently, however, the British Museum has baoome possessed of a number of cenelform tablets which throw considerable light on the subject. Early m the present year ft number of these tables were offered for sale m Oairo. They had been dug op from the crave of a royal seriba of Amenophia 111 and IV, of the eighteenth dynaßty, which bad given up lti reoorda, and not only reoorda, but teals aod papyri of great historical and artistic value. Some went to the Boulak Muioum, aomo to Berlin, othera to private persons, and eighty-one have found their way. to the British Museum fhesn laat have now been arranged by Me Bu3ge, the wellknovtn Egyptoloplst, whose Investigations have brought to light a most Interesting chapter In the history of ancient 'Egypt. Not only do the tablets explain the historlo»l crux mentioned above, bat they introduce as to the family life of the early kings; they pioura to ua ttaa splendour of the royal palacas ; they . ea ablo us to assist at the betrothal of thei kings' daughters, and to follow the king* to their hooting grounds.; Mbit of the tablets are letters addressed to AmenophUi 111, and some are from Tusnratla, King of Mesopotamia. r _.."" THE IX>VB STORY O# W< ' Amenophia 111. wai a mighty hooter, and onoa on v shooting trip to Mespo* Umla aftei' big game, he, like a king In a fairy . tale, met and . loved Ti, the daughter of Tosh r at t*. They were married In dae time, aad Ti went down Into Egypt with 3 17 of her principal ladle*. ThU brought a boat of their Semitic countrymen along, who found In Egypt a good field for their bislnem capacities, and gradually, like the modern Jews m Russia, got possesalon of the lands and gooda of thetr hoalß. The influence of the Semltlo Queen is attested by the very fait. th*k tnia library of ouneiform tablets was preserved. And, under the feeble sovereign who followed, her oouotrymen doubtless held their oirn. Bat at last oatne tha nineteenth dynasty, and the Phsnob. "who knew not Joseph." Then they were set to brick-miking and pyramid! buildin/, till the outbreak which led to the Red Sen triumph. . . RIVAL MATCH, MAKISG. FOUBTKBN O*KTURIB3 80. •..'"■ Mr Budge, of the British Museum,, has tra s ated three ot the letters, . One Is from Tmhratta to AtnenopbJs. After many complimentary salutations, he*proposes to his son-iri-Jaw that they should continue the arrangement made bjr-thtlr fathers for paslurlug double-humped camels, and m this way he JeaoVup to the main purport of bis epistle. He says th»t Manle. his great nephew. Is ambition to marry the daughter of the King of Egypt, and he pleads that Manic might be al» lowed to go down to Egypt to woo Itt person- The alliance would, he considers be a bond of union between the two countries, and ha »d da, am though by aa afterthought, that the gold which Amen> ophls appears to have asked for should be sent at once, together with " lsrge> gold jars, large gold plates, and other artloles made of gold." After this meaning Interpolation ho returns to tot marriage question, and proposes to act In the matter of the dowry |n the same way In which bis grandfather aoted, preiamablj on a like ocoaslon. He then enlarge! on the wealth of his kingdom, where ."fold Ia like dunt that cannot be counted," and he adds an Inventory of praienjs whlob. he Is sending, articles of gold, Inlay, »nd h&rneeu, and thirty eunuohi. , , A KOTE FHOM THB KINO OF THI OAKDKK OT KDBN., Another letter Is from the king of Karadanlyash, the traditional garden of Eden. A third Is from the King of Alaohiys, asking for the return of the goods of a deceased subject who had died In Egypt, tnd sending many consolatory presents — brunze veasels, some tress, and a bull. In return he asks only for " two kakupa jars and a man who understands eagles" — just as a medla»v»l magnate might ask for a falconer. There la a (supposed) reference to the plague.
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A FIND OF LETTERS FOUR THOUSAND YEARS OLD, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2024, 29 December 1888
A FIND OF LETTERS FOUR THOUSAND YEARS OLD Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2024, 29 December 1888
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