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THE WELLS LIGHT. The " WeJls Light," whioh is being put on the market by A. 0. Wells and Oo , of Manchester, ia just now oreatiog some stir, and it appears to be one of the moat important inventions of modern times. The patents are owned by Messrs Wallwork and Wells, who have worked many years to bring, this lamp to perfection. By its use an immense white light Is obtained from common mineral oils at a cost many times leas than coal gas or the electrio light. Not the least remarkable feature is its portability, and a lamp giving out the gigantic light of 5000 candle-power can be carried about by two men from place to place. Its value for use m large out-of-door works cannot be overestimated, and we understand that it ii the only light ia uoe through the extensive workings of the Manchester Ship Oanal, and that it has been Bupplied for the most varied purposes to some of the largest firms. With the exeneive supplies of oils wh'ch are being opened up ia all parts of the globe suoh a simple apparatus for burning them must have a very large sale m the future. — Iron A CALCULATING MACHINE. One of the most ingenious of recent American Inventions is a calculating machine otlled " The Comptometer." It is the work of a resident of Chicago, and with Its aid the most oompiioated mathematical computations can be made with great ease, accuracy, and swiftness. The instrument Is 14^'n long, 7£in wide, 51 o high, and weighs 81b. It can be placed upon an ordinary table. It differs from all other machines of this character, as it can be worked with a type-writer keyboard, This maohlne performs large maltlplloationo m * eegoad of time« It war* reoently tried by the official experts at the Treasury at Washington. Various examples not previously koown to the Inventor were given to him for the testing of hU apparatus. as well as to experts detailed from the Treasury. The machine always 'surpassed the experts m speed, and was invariably correot. Tbe inventor wyi given an example like the following : — " Suppose you bring £234 from Bng land to New York, where the rate of exohange Is 4.845d01, what is the American value of your money." In one second of tlma this marvellous calculating maoblne recorded the correct answer of $2,134, 605. THE " CLAIMANT " THKOWS UP THE SPONGE. It is eaid that ''The Claimant," has given m to the Tiohbourne family at lost The •• Star's" London special writes : — He is Baid by the American papers to be better off than he has been for some time, and to have started on the lecturing " lay " again. I think I could give a guess where the money came from. You know, of course, that Sir Henry Tiehbourne and his friends have for a long time been most anxions to persuade the Claimant to coatees, and repeatedly offered him large sums of money io do so. Well, for a long time whenever the lawyers ap proaohed Sir Roger on the subject he was grossly outraged. " Did they wish him to forswear himself?" ho would ask grandly, and solemnly refused to "sell his birthright." As, however, the old man's halo of notoriety paled m Amerioa, and he fell lower and lower, ceasing to be even a paying show or an attractive bartender, his attitude elowly ohanged. What arrangement the Tiehbourne family have at last made with him, Sir Henry is not at liberty to aay ; but I fancy it has taken the form of a substantial confession, not to be published til after ton Claimant's death. That at any rate seems probable. THB FRBHCH DYING OUT, Several Paris papers publish artloles on the population of France. The France shows that the inorease of births over deaths ta dne entirely to a diminished death rate. Men »re living to be older, but this cause of increase is, from its very natnre, temporary. The tendenoy of the population is to deoline, while England and Germany grow at the rate of half a million ft year. The Anglo-Saxon raoe, whleh was much inferior m point of number to the Frenoh race, Is now two or thrae times as numerous. Within a century for one man speaking French there will be ten speaking English. The France passes m review all the proposed remedies, and rejeots them as'vlsslonary or impraotioable, and concludes that the only one 1b to revive the old spirit :ofc the nation. This, however, cannot be done by decree. The "Universe" says :— "We oan fix the day, not a distant day, when by the perennial falling off of births Franoe will have lost one third of its popalation. The result Is fatal. Within lalf a century France will have fallen below Italy and Spain, to the rank of a second rate Power, There is no denylny the figures. If this continues, In addition to other ciuiea of deoadenoo we are a lost nation. AN IMFOETUBB 00HFBB8BD. Margaret Fox. one of the famous sisters who set the world aflame with curiosity and snperstition 40 years Ago by their spiritualistic performances, is m New York and announces that she will make a public confession of her famous imposture. She and her sister Kate were the first to invent the 'Tappings " whioh puzzled the sceptical and humbugged thn credulous and laid the foundation of one of the most gigantic impostures of modern times, Sbo says the mysterious r&ppiogs were made by a movement of the joints of the foot, which the girls discovered accidentally while they were quite young. The long-haired brethren and short-haired sisters will, of course, denounce the confession of Margaret Fox, ats prompted by ♦' adverse spirits," just as they have denounced the Davenport brothers and every other expoaor of their cheap jugglery ; for brayingln a mortar wiil not cure a Spiritualist of his folly,— 11 Tablet." FJICUKDITT OF nSH. It has been calculated that, as fish produce so many eggs, if vast numbers of the latter and of the fish themselves were not continually destroyed and taken, they would soon fill up every available space m { the seas. For Instance, from 60,000,000 to 70 000,000 codfish are annually oaaght on the shorei of Newfoundland. But even that quantity seems small when we oomider that eaoh ood yleHa about 4,600,000 eggs every season, and that even 8,000,000 have been fonnd In the roe of a ■Ingle cod. Were the 60,000,000 ood taken on the cost of Newfoundland left to breed, the 30,000,000 females produolng 5,000,000 eggs every year, It would give a yearly addition of 160,000,000,000,000 young oodfiah. Other fish, thought not equalling the ood, are wonderfully prolific. A herring weighing 6 ro 7 ounoas Is provided with about 30,000 eggs, After making all reasonable allowances for the destruction of eggs and the young, it has been estimated that In throe years ft single pair of herrings would produce 154,000,000,. Bcffon oaloalated that, If a pair of herrings oonld be left to breed and multiply nndisturbd for ft period of twenty years, they would yield an amount of fish equal In bulk to the globe on wblrii w Wftiw 11 Jio»,"

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Bibliographic details

Ashburton Guardian, Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2011, 12 December 1888

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THROUGH THE PAPERS Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2011, 12 December 1888