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LAND TENURE IN NEW ZEALAND.

Parts IV, V., and VI of the statistics of the colony for the year 1887 are now to hand, and are, as always, very complete m their details, bat it is to be regretted rery much that they are again, as always,, very nearly a year behindhand. Half the value of these elaborate statistics ib thus lost, and it ib worth the while of the Government to consider whether Parliament should not bo asked to vote a further sum to enable Mr Brown, the Registrar General, to be furnished with sufficient clerical assistance to enable the production of these annual returns by the end of March or early m April. However, for the present, we must acccept things as they are, and it may be premised that the figures we are about to quote represent, not the exact position of affairs at the present moment, but the position as it stood on the 31st December^. 1887. Turning then to that portion of the returns before us which deals with the land tenure, we extract the following interesting information : — The total area of land within the colony which has at anytime been m the possession of the Grown, including confiscated lands, is given as 66,710,820 acres, of which the acreages within the several districts stand as follows, viz. : — Auckland, 17,000,000 ; Hawke's Bay, 2,950,000 ; Taranaki, 2,429,510 ; Wellington, 6,993,650; Nelson, 7,000,000; Marlborough, 2,560,000 ; Canterbury, 8,693,000 ; Wostland, 8,045,760 ; Otago, 132,57,808 ; Southland, 2,780,592. There have been sold or otherwise disposed of the following acreages, viz. : — Auckland, 4,346,829 acres j Hawke's Bay, 1,174,262 ; Taranaki, 598,552 ; Wellington, 2,495,788 ; Nelson, 1,158,168 ; Marlborough, 961,902 ; Canterbury, 8,654,438 ; Westland, 125,740 ; Otago, 8,060,021 ; Southland, 1,888 672 ; or a total for the whole colony of 18,914,370 acres. There therefore remained on Slat December last m the hands of the Crown a total acreage of 47,795,950. That of course includes the area of lakes and rivers, of barren mountains and Bhingle beaches, and probably not more than half of it may be reckoned upon as land available for sale or lease for agricultural or pastoral occupation. Of the total so remaining the proportions within the several districts Btand, or rather stood as follows, viz. : — Auckland, 12,653,171 ; Hawke's Bay, 1,175,738; Taranaki, 1,830,958; Wellington, 4,497,862; Nelson, 5,841,832 ; Marlborough, 1,598,098 ; Canterbury, 5,088^567 ; Westland, 2,920,020 ; Otago, 10,195,787 ; Southland, 1,441,920. Of the 47| million acres m the hands of the Crown 10,790,903 acres were under depasturing and other (except gold mining) leases, and of the (m round figures) 19 million acres alienated 11,728,236 acres were held m freehold; 60,598 acres under the Deferred Payment system, 17,421 tinder Village Settlement conditions ; by Special Settlement Associations, 88,107 acres ; under the Village Homestead system 80,167 acree ; under the Auckland Homestead regulations, 7887 acres ; and under Perpetual Lea&e, 150,218 acres. Turning to the tables for the year 1887 we find that there were taken up m the various districts within the year the following numbers of holding! and acreages under the PIBPETaUt LEABE BTSTBM. No. Hold« Aoreage. ings. a. c. p. Aaokland 41 8,706 2*33 Hawke'flßsy 36 12,846 1 33 Taranaki 18 2,902 2 23 Wellington 42 7,595 1 39 Marlborough 12 263 2 9 Canterbury 140 4,946 0 18 Westtend 1 60 0 0 Otago 156 32,001 1 29 Southland 4 762 3 89 Total for oolony 450 64,595 1 18 The rent per acre averaging as follows, viz., Auckland,«lß 2d ; Hawke's Bay, s£d ; Taranaki, Is 2d ; Wellington, Is lfd ; Marlborough, Is 4d ; Canterbury, 2s s£d ; Westland, Jb; Otago, Is l£d; Southland, Is SW. The following shows the areas which during the year were BOLD FOB CASH OR BORIP. Aoreage. Total purohaso A. B. p. money. Auckland 7251 8 10 £8155 8 6 Hawke's Bay 1105 2 28 992 7 3 Taranaki 126 3 25 543 10 8 Wellington 272 1 38 464 9 3 Nelson 3543 1 16 2533 15 0 Marlborough 120 0 17 70 0 0 Canterbury 1715 0 22 4152 1 6 Westlond 20 0 17 23 3 9 Otago 0062 1 7 6870 0 5 Southland 936 1 26 1525 3 7 Total for — : . oolooy 21,154 1 1 £25,330 811 T|ie figures for I§B7 were as follows under the head of VU^AOE BBTTMtMEMTi No. of Be* Area, lections. a. n. p. Hawke's Bay 69 758 3 17 Taranaki 23 41 2 20 Wellington 19 146 0 16 Nelson 7 5 0 12 Marlborough 2 1 0 14 Canterbury 76 241 3 25 Olago 7 46 3 7 Southland 33 335 3 25 Totals for colony 238 1577 » 16 The figures for the year m respect to Homesteads were Auckland, selectors 31, We* Ufcen up &,02 7 'mm s Otago,

selectors 22, area taken up 2,860 acres; while the transactions with Special I Settlement Associations were as follows : 1 Auckland, No. of members 56 ; aren v i taken up, 5,695 acres ; Hawke's Bay, . J No. of members 195, area taken up ' 17,657 acres; Wellington, No. ol i members 145, area taken up 14,794 • acres. Tho figures for Small ■ Grazing Runs were as follows :—Auck- ' land 1, area 9252 acres ; Hawko'a Bay 1 5, area 5739 acres : Taranaki 1, area \ 1100 acres ; Wellington 20, area 17,670 acres ; Otngo 12, area 23,824 acres. But perhaps tho mo&t interesting information of all is that contained m the following table (which, however, rolates to a date still farther back, viz., to tho census of March 1886) and which shows the TO OCCUPIED IiAND3 OIiABBIFIED ACCORDING BIZBS OF HOLDINGS.

From tho foregoing it will be seen that while 84,561 of tho colonists of, New Zealand own 3,014,275 acres m | freehold, an averago of 87 acres each, tho other 1924, who with them make up the total of landlords within the colony, own no less ihan 8,713,961 acres, being an average of 4529 acres each, while of these, 306 persons hold m freehold no less than 5,553,575 acres, or an average of over 18,000 acreß each. That is ft state of things which needs a remedy if the colony is to progress and prosper as it should.

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Permanent link to this item

http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AG18881204.2.24

Bibliographic details

LAND TENURE IN NEW ZEALAND., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2004, 4 December 1888

Word Count
1,118

LAND TENURE IN NEW ZEALAND. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 2004, 4 December 1888

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