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OUR NEW GOVERNOR.

. .» ("Wellington Press.") The Earl of Onslow, Governor-designate of New Zealand fa the only ohild of the late George Aogostine Craoley Orislow, Esquire, of Upton House, Alretford, Hampshire, and Ma r y Harriet Ann, daughter of Lieutenant- jleneral LoUus, and he succeeded his grand unsie, Arthur George Onsiow, 3rd Earl of o'ialow, who died on. the 24th of Ootobar, 1870, at the gra»t age of 93. : . The family of Onßlow are one of the most anoient In England, They hive been seated la Shropthiro from time inn* memorial and took their surname from I the lordihip of Oadeslow, now [.art of the I town of Shrewsbury, m the reign of King Henry the Third. From very early times the Oaslowa 'have had a remarkable tendenoy towards Parliamentary offioe. Roger Onslow, of Shrewsbury, the be id »f the family at the be^iniog of the 16th osmtury, had two boob, Fulk and Riohard. Folk was Olerk of Parliament m the reign of Queen Elzibeth, while his brother Riohard was successively Attorney-General of the Duchy of Laoeauter, Sol iol torGeneral, and Speaker of the House of Commons, Folk's grandson, Sir Richard O na low, was a distinguished member of three Parliaments m the reign of King Charles the First, and having espoused the oaaie of the Parliament m the Oivli War, waa a member of the Select Committee appointed m 1657 to attend upon Oromwell as to the proposal th*t he nhould beooma King. Sir Rohard made a famous speech, In which he urged the Protector to assume the regal title and the supreme authority, and if his advioa had been takt n the whole ooursa of history might have been ohaDgad. As it was, Oromwell shrank from the step, and dying lefc but the shadow of his great name to his feeble son. Sir Riohard Oos'ow was one of those who, seeing that the Protectorate had really died with Oliver, deemed It best to reoall the Stuarts, and he contributed materially to the restoration of King Charles the Seoond. Sir Rlebard'a eldest son, Arthur who had been a membor of Parliament In the previous reign, but had taken no active part against the King, succeeded by Bpeoial remainder to the Baronetny Whioh had been conferred on his father-in-law, Sir Thomas Foot, at the Re* storatlon, and from that time the fortunes of the family rapidly rose. Sir Arthur Onalow's eldest son, Richard, was nleced Speaker of the House of Commons m 1708, and on the accession of King George the First was constituted a Lord of the Treasury and Chancellor of the Exchequer. In 1716 he was raised to thep erege as Baron Onelow. His brother Arthur was elected Speaker of the House of Commons la 1726, and held that office uninterruptedly for 35 year*, retiring iv 1761, with a pension of £3000 a year, specially voted for bia distinguished services. This Is the man ocmmonly known m hlotory by the special designation of " Speaker Ooslow ; " but he was, m fact, the third Speaker of the House of Commons of the name and family of Onslow. He died m 1768, and before his de«th his son George had been raised to the paerage as Baron Oranley. It 1776, Riohard, 3rd Baron Onslow, died without issue, and the barony went to his oousin Lord Cranlay, who was created Earl of Oaelow and Viscount Ownley m 1801, He died m 1814, and was succeeded by his eldest son Thomas, 2nd .Earl, who had three sons, Arthur. George, Thomas Oranley, and Edward M ainwaring. Arthur George succeeded as 3rd Earl m 1827, and had a son, Viaoount Oranley, who died In 1856, leaving three daughters only. Tbomaa Oranley had a numaroue family of whom the eldest was George Augustus Oranley, who died m 1855, leaving an only child! William Hillier. Edward Mainwariug inherited the. estates of the families of Mainwaring aod Ellerker, and took the name of Malnwarlng-Billerker-Onalow. He died In 1365, leaving no issue. Thus, 4ta the death of the 3rd Earl m 1870, toe several branohbs of the family, with all the honors, joined m his grand nephew, Will am Hillier, the present Earl of Onslow and Governor nominate of New Zealand. The genaalogy of the House, of Onslow forms one of those romantio family histories which the elder Diaraell would have delighted to trace, and which are, m fact, a part of ttie history of England. It is Interesting to notlpa that only two steps m this remarkable peerage takes us back to the reign of KiDg George the Second. In the first half of the eighteenth century, 1 when New Zealand waa only vaguely marked on the Datoh charts as a coast where Tasm«n had touohed more than a hundred years before, on bis expedition from Batavlain seal oh of the " unknown South Lan V now called Australia The Countess of Onslow alsp comes of a dlitingulahed and most adventurous lineage. Her father, Sir Alan Legga Gardner, third Baron Gardner, is the only son of Lord Gardner, a famous admiral and a very wild oharaoter at the beginning of the present oentury ; and grandson of the oelebrated Admiral Sir Alan Gardner, one of England'd great naval heroes m the last oentury, who received bis Baronetcy for his share m the memorable actions of the 29ih May and Ist Jane 179£ under Lord Howe, his Irish peerage for his oonduot m the action off Port l'Orlent under Lord Bridport m 1800, and his peerage of the United Kingdom as bin share of the honors of Nelson's victories, In 1806. This gallant nobleman oame of a fighting stook, for he was the son of a famous Colonel Gardner, of the 11th dragoons iv Qaeen Aune's reign, and grandson of William Gardner, of Coleraine, who oommauded a company for King William the Third within the walls of Derry during the sefge of that city by King James the Second's army m 108,9. The Earl and Ooonteis of Onslow, oarlously enough, are related, not remotely, to the present Governor of New South Wales, Lord Oarrlngton, and also to the late Governor of New South Wales, Lord Augustus Loftus, But they will bring with them traditions of the anolent historical aristocracy such as neither of those noblemen have any pretension to. Our new Governor may be described as a most favorable combination of the grand old English nobility and the rising slates manßhip c f the present day. We believe there will be but one feeling m New Zealand, that m appointing the Earl of Onslow to succeed Sir William Jervols, Her Majesty has paid the colony a ye y graceful oomplimeot, and displayed a mott courteous appreoiaiton of the motives whioh induced Parliament to paes the Governor's Salary and Allowances Aot, 1887- We are sure the new Governor will moot with an exceedingly hearty reoep-

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http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AG18881121.2.11

Bibliographic details

OUR NEW GOVERNOR., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1993, 21 November 1888

Word Count
1,142

OUR NEW GOVERNOR. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1993, 21 November 1888

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