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Dr Naville began his work at Bubastls last year, and since his further prosecution of It, beginning laat February, he has excavated the whole length of the great temple, which is 900 feet from end to end, writes a correspondent of the "New York Evening Post." The chief interest of thlß year's explorations has been m the discovery of the Statue of the Pharaoh of Josej h's time. There was much scepticism about this at first, but It Beems to be settled no jr. Now this monarch Apepl was the Pharaoh of Joseph, whose name Is engraved on the side of the statue, Ra-i-a-n. This is considered by the bast Egyptologists m London, including Dr Bien of the British Museum, to be identleal with the Reian or Rayan of tho Arabs, who, according to their tradition, wan the j Pharaoh of Joseph. This tradition goeß back to the earliest times. Apepl was one of the last of the Hyksos kings, and this discovery has an important place In establishing dates m Egyptian history. The finding the oartouoho of Apepi close by the statue with the name of JRa-!-a-n is the strong point m the evidence. Thoa the Israelites were established m Egypt when the overthrow of the Hyksos kings occurred, and the " George Washington*" of their tim*»s, ss they have been styled, excited the native Egyptians to successful rebellion against their foreign conquerors. It was upon the overthrew of the Hybsjs, or shepherd k<ngs, and the re-establiahment of the native power that the new king arose who knew not Joseph. The eighteenth dynasty of kings bsgao with this overthrow of the shepherds, and the new ruler, Thothmes 111, was the most warlike who ever sat on the throne of Egypt. It was m the 19th dynasty that the Israelites were so oppressed, and it was m the reign of Rameaes 11., wbo*e photograph as » wellpreserved mummy has been recently on exhibition In this country, that the exodus occurred. It Is very difficult to find monumental authorities for this historical event. Cor the Egyptians were very careful not to leave any record to show the occurrenoe of any affair which was not creditable to them. Thus It happens that the Inscriptions on the statues of the Hyksos kings have been chiselled away, so that the reoord Is wholly destroyed, except m caees where the chiselling was lmperfeotly done.

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Bibliographic details

DIGGING UP THE STATUE Of PHARAOH., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1888, 5 November 1888

Word Count

DIGGING UP THE STATUE Of PHARAOH. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1888, 5 November 1888