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Tho Railway Department notify that atte* Deo. let grain and other agricultural produce carried on the railways will bo charged on the aotual weight— 224olbs to the ton. A " life-Baring saloon " is among the latest inventions. It is arranged so that the whole saloon is allowed to elide overboard, and it praotioally becomes a email ship. A wonderful landsoape which is on > exhibition m Paris has been executed m European and foreign inseots. The desired tones for the foreground are Bupplied by 450,000 coleoptera, and 4000 varieties of other insects make the rest of ths picture. Speaking of the Railway Board, the " Post " Bays : — " The Ministry are determined to make appointments which -they know will excite a storm of public disapproval, bo strong that thoy wish to put the evil day off aa long as possible," Mr Eugene Kelly, the leading Irish banker m the United States, and currently reported to bo worth two million pounds, began his career mauy jeara ago m New York State, tramping from town to town as a pedlar, Belling needles, thread, and buttons, I As an indication of tbe movement m properties, a prominent Dunedin legal praotioner informs the " Herald '' that more legitimate conveyancing business has, during the laat three weeks, passed through the office with whioh he is connected than was ohronioled m any three months fur five years past. At a banquet given to Mr Larnach the other night, Professor Black said that on the Waipori fiat alone, an old diggings about forty mileß from Dunedin, there were two millions' sterling worth of gold waiting to be lifted by dreJges ; and on tbe Nevis, Dunstan, and other flats of Otago there was as much gold as had been won from the colony. The Cyclists' Alliance has decided to allooate the championship events for the ensuing season as follows :— One mile, Christchurch; 5 miles, Dunedin ; 10 miles, Ohristohuroh; 25 miles, Auckland. A Committee was appointed to report on the advisablenees of issuing an alliance annual at the close of each season. At tbe R.M. Court this morning, before Mr R. Alcorn, J.P., and Mr D. Thomas, J.P, James Early was brought up on remand from Ohristohuroh, charged with having obtained money and goods to the value of £4 16s from William Mitchell. The matter having been settled, the prosecutor did not desire to go on with the oaße, and the Court accordingly allowed the oharge to be withdrawn. A peer who had always ordered his ooata through hiß valet stepped into bis tailor's m Piccadilly to order one for himself. . When he gave the address the tailor, supposing him to be a new valet, slipped a little packet into his hand with, " Here's your commission, and it's your own fault if yon don't earn more. Just you take this brush and give the old man's clothes a good wipe down with it every morning. He doesn't wear half as many coats as he should." It was a steelwire brush. The peer took the money and his custom with him. The weekly drills of the Ashburton Cadets were resumed by Sergeant Major Hayes last evening, when there was a fair attendance. We are glad to learn that the rauks are being recruited, and that the cdrps seem to have taken a new lease of life. The following promotions have been made :— Cadets Alfred and Arthur Priohard to be -Sergeants, and Cadets William Pearson, Robert Hepburn and Edward Cottrell to be corporals. These non-commißßioned officers were eleoted by the members, who are to be congratulated on the wisdom of their ohoioe. Mr Gladstone has replied as follows to a Welsh gentleman who reoently asked his opinion on the authorship of the well-known hymn, " Art thou weary ? " •• Dear Sir, — I thank you for your enclosure. I regret that I can only very briefly answer your question. Dr Neale was the translator j St Stephen, of Saba, the author. Being of tho Eastern Ghuroh, his name doeß not appear m the Latin hagiologies. I imagine the hymn to have been composed m the Servian tongue. — Your very faithful and obedient, W. E, Gladstone." Groaer (to his shopman) : " Pedio, I have about three thousand francs m the safe, but the Bhop is empty ; I think it is the right moment to fail." — •• That's just what I think." — " But I want a plausible pretext for jny_9£fidifeirefl.-— You have^vlents^oL-braiatSf-tmnkthe matter over to-night and to-morrow morning." The clerk promised to think it carefully over. On entering the shop next morning the shopkeeper found the safe open, the money gone, and m its place a note, whioh ran as follows : — " I have taken the three thousand francs, and am off to America, ft is the bast exouse you oan give." The mathematical fiend has recently been at work upon the human heart*. His oalcula? tion is a curious one, and gives the work of the heart ip milei and beats. Is is based qpon the presumption that the pulsations of the oardiao organ are 69 each minute, and the assumption that tbe force of each pulsa* tion is 9ft. Computed thus according to his figures, the mileage of the blood through the body might be taken as 207 yds per minute, seven miles per hour, 168 miles per day, 61,320 per year, or 4,292,400 m a lifetime of threescore years and ten. The number of beats of the heart m the same long life would reaoh tbe grand total of 2,538,841,000 The weekly meeting of the Dawn of Peaoe Lodge was held m the Templar Hall last evening, Bro Jones, 0,T. ? m the chair. The usual routine of business was'gone through, after whioh tbe quarterly election of officers was prooeeded with, resulting as follows :— C.T., Bro G. W. Andrews; V.T., Bro J. Dalley; W.S., Sister G. R. Andrews; F.S., Bro T. Andrews; W.T., Bro T. M. Jones; W. 0., Sister Hugheß; W.M., Bro Pearson; D.M., Sister W. Campbell; 1.G., Bro E. Constable ; 0.G., Bro J. Pauling ; A.S , Bro E. Andrews. It was decided to meet m the future on Thursday evenings at eight o'olook. The L,odge was then closed m the usqal manner. A will of rather an interesting character was admitted to probate m England recently. The good man who executed it leaves all his residuary estate to two granddaughters, and to his wife one farthing which is to be despatched by post, unpaid, "as an indication of bjo disgust at the treatment he received at her band.'" In a genoral way, the. intelligent take euoh bints of family rnisuqderstjlnd; ings m respectful gilence, They know by observation that husbands and wives someimes disagree ; they think it very sad, and dismiss the matter— unless, of course, developments arise which suggest a funny ■tory. But the testator m this case furnishes detail. His particular annoyance arose from the ladyja babjt of calling him an, "Qld 'Pig." pat he ia quite reasonable aboqt it. Had there been any proper justification for the epithet, he would never have complained; it was the unreason of the tbjng that outi raged his sense of congruity. The worthy man goes into this question. He explain! the oircumstanaes m whioh his vlaoens u&or levelled the charge of "Old Pig " against him, and shows categorically that " they did not justify fluoh opprobrious language.

In another column, Mr Eden George, photographer, announces a discovery by vrbioh he can euppJy photographs at one fourth of the usual rates. Mr George baß lately been experimenting, with a view to producing photographs m colors, and while thus engaged a certain chemical action was notioed that led to the above discovery. One great advantage claimed for the new prooeßS is lbat the photographs are permanent. The number of entries for the forthcoming show will be very large. The Secretary of the Association, Mr Quane, has been bu3y all day reoeiving entries, and at wo o'olock the total was about 550, the largest for any show yet held here, and possibly many more entries will have been reoeived by the time the list oloses. The total last year was 495. It is impossible yet to give the number of entriea m the respective olasses, but we believe there are large increases m nearly all, with the exoeption of sheep. Say a the "Wairarapa Star: — "We hear that the Maoris are predicting a very dry le&aon and we are sorry for it. The Maoris, we are informed, are remarkably good weather prophets. Personally, we are not acquainted with Maori folk-lore, but there is no doubt as a race they are remarkable for their observant powers. In determining the weather they, are guided by the appearances of birds, beasts, and plants. According to native tradition m dry seasons the wild duoks lay their eggs near the water's edge, and the fish m the rivers seek the head waters. Certain kinds of inseots also make their appearance that are never Been except when a severe drought is impending. Theße signs, we are informed, have been witnessed this season, and the natives confidently look forward to a dry, warm summer." What is to be done with a band of oriminals whose loader is only ten years old ? This was the problem that the Oollingwood Bench had (writes " Atticua " m the " Mcl bourne Leader " to solve the other day, and all that they could do was to commit the chief and one of his followers to the industrial sohool. The chief was, it appeared, the terror of the neighborhood. He had gathered a gang of other hardened oriminals around him and preyed at. large upon sooiety. He bad been already oonvioted for laroeny, and had been whipped under the provisions of the Juvenile Offenders Act, " but did not appear to have benefited by the punishment, as he was now the leader of this gang." His lieutenant — another "boy Oaulfield " — was only eight years old, and they both stood m the dock charged with repeated sets of laroeny. I suppose that after a time spent m the Industrial Schoole those Australian natives will be boarded out m some innocent rural district where they will probably open the eyeß of our up-country friends to the wioked ways of Melbourne. A remarkable instance of memory haß oome to the notice of a correspondent of the •• New York Oritio." Its possessor is a lady member of Dr Howard Crosby's ohuroh m New York. Without having taken a single note, she will, when ehe goes home, write out every word of her pastor's sermon, and, he tells me, she never makes a mistake of a " the " or an " and "—that every Bentenoe rot only embodies his idea, but gives it m hia exaot language. For 25 years this lady has been performing these feats of memory, and during that time she has written out some 20,000 sermons. The manuscripts of some of them she has had bound and presented to Dr Crosby. They make 40 large volumes. But this is not all of her devoted labours; Bhe has written out, also from memory, all of his leotnres, and she has classified his opinions upon all the snbjeots upon which he has spoken during these years, and has made an elaborate series of indexes to them. Not a word is omitted. Even when the preaoher drops into Greek, Latin, or Hebrew she follows him, for she is proficient m eaoh of these languages. Certainly a remarkable woman. The best Remedy for Indigestion. — Norton's Camomile Pills are confidently recommended as a simple remedy for indigestion, which is the cause of nearly ail the diseases to which we are subject. Norton's Pills, with justice called the " natural strengthener of the human stomach," act as a powerful tonic and gentle aperient, are mild m their operation, and safe under auy circumtances Sold ia bottles at is i£d, 2s $1, 4s, by all medicine vendors throughoutjthe world

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LOCAL AND GENERAL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1981, 27 October 1888

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LOCAL AND GENERAL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1981, 27 October 1888

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