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SCIENTIFIC FARMING.

WHAT IS DONE ON THE CONTINENT. The following extract from an artlole hy F. M. de B*rrlDg In the •« Fortnightly Review " for May last will be read with interest : — " In the depressed atate of aytionltaro la England It Is Intereating to <*x*mi"e the oondltioa of a neighboring emntry superior to our own neither m conditions of climate nor a '11, but where oraotlcal f aem'ng Is the business of twothirds of the population, aod brings pro■pßrlty to the who c nation. Oar neighbors and klr.snisn, the Danes, manage not only to grow for t^eir own consumption, bat t" pzport a considerable quantity of it. Their mn'o exports, however, are butter, eggß and cattle. At the last census the pr between the urban and the rnral population was, per thou ! aa^d. 234 • townspeople to 766 rnral inhabitants, whilst the agricultural area is divided m the following proportions:— Gentleman's farm?, 14 per cent; peasants' farm 8, including both the larger and smaller nf the yeoman class, 74 per oanfc ; cottage holdirgs, 11 per oent ; leaving 1 per oent nceultfvated. Centralisation is less marked than with 09 ; the contented and weh-fed rustic generally scorns the town's attractions, bat If be be desirous of bettering his position he emigrates. The landed gentry, with exceedingly few exceptions are keen and practical farmers theuißt lyes, bringing eduoatlon. study, and the experience of federations to bear upon a question that interests them vitally, since, unlike many English country gentleman, it is from their land that the large majority draw their entire inoome. Agricultural colleges are numerous and well attended, professors of agricultural chemtatry, and of the science of husbandry are active as leotorers, busy m the wide diffusion of their knowledge, with the happy results that at the present day. thoogh the smaller proprietors may occasionally complain, still the yearly exports tf enormous quantities of butter, egge, grain, horses, and cattle, produce a fair roe*n average of prosperity throughout the crnutry. The Danes, indeed, 869 mto have Undabiy determined to oompete with the virgin soli, and boundless BC'ehge of new countries like America, by raising their own farming methods to the h)£!.e<t scientific level, After 1870 the agricultural societies went so far as to tend Ins rue ore from farm to farm to teach the people, and their Instructions WKre gratefully we'eomed, A great Impulse wrb thus given to fin export traio m butter of exceptional quality, which gained a deservedly high reputation, slightly clouded, perhaps, of late y»ara. It is curl m to learn how m Germany this Idea of widespread Instruction baa fructified, the intelligent Teuton having even coneeorated three million marks wherewith to build him a ptlace at B.nl n to enshrine all the learning which is to yet further enrich the sons of th.3 soil. Bat then for 81 years m Germany technical education has been considered the chief shield and buckler In the fieroe fight of competition. Tn France, too, where, m spite of fostering protective duties, fa mere great and small, but particularly (he latter, do not seem at all oontent — a finger has been laid with pitiless accuracy upon the festering sore by no less a personage than the Minister of AgriouUure, Mons. B*rbe. He oalta the malady ' routine and ignoranoe' ; declares that the only remedy is instruction, and advocates the universal establishment even la primary schools of a oourse of preliminary study beariug upon the question, as preparatory to that offered m the agricultural colleges, which he desires to see multiplied and enlarged i

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http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/newspapers/AG18881027.2.14

Bibliographic details

SCIENTIFIC FARMING., Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1981, 27 October 1888

Word Count
587

SCIENTIFIC FARMING. Ashburton Guardian, Volume VII, Issue 1981, 27 October 1888

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