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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES. Thubsuay, Mat 18. '■ The House metat 2 oidock.’": The hi embers ’ attended ■' the £ Commissioners in the other Chambbr,Jand on returning fifty-six,.'including Mr Thibet, as member for Stanmore, took the oath and theirbeats. - • h.; J ; > Mr Wason, for Wakanui, and Mr Har-ris,-;for but did not appear.; } : , Major Atkinsonv Addreaaing'r the Clerk o l f Parliaments, hiqved thhtJSir G. M. O’Rorke be elected Speaker. .. Mr* Macandrew seconded the nomination. " * Mr Lavestam expressed regret,in having tq oppose the testimony to the excellence, -of jiSir Q. M, O’Rorke’s personal character and conduct, but in an unhappy moment'he'had forfeited thb many claims ha v had established to their confidence by the action he took in connection with the passing of the Representation Bill last session. He argued from recdrda,,, in “ Hansard,'.’ that-, the action taken by the ''Chairman of Committees on that occasion wals v due to the influence exercised by Sir, 6* M. O’Rprke as Speakerf, Moreover,.Sir G. Mt.O’Eork* had himself in 1875 adopted, exactly similar, pfbceediiigs to those aps severely condemned by himself. He be]ieyed*howev«r,.'that Sir’G. M; O’Rorke- had- acted merely upon an error of judgment and ex- , • cess of zeal. He spohe as a naatter of duty to his cohßtituenis ( iil. condemning Sir G. O’Rorke’s paat'aotiohs, but he .was not prepared to go to'the length of offering any more active-opposition. •"*> No other candidate was named. Sir 6. M. O’Rprke,. speaking from the floor of the House, said he had sat in that House for a period of-twenty-one years, and he had had the advantage of all thp experience to be gathered from such a lengthed term and the example !j of those who had proceeded him.. It was impossible, however, that a’ Speaker could at all times command the 'approbation of all parties in the House; Still, ithad all along been his endeavor- to hold" the balance of justice equitably as between all parties. On ‘being conducted to the Chair by Major Atkinson and Mr Macandrew, he (tho Speaker), . standing aob the steps of the chair, returned, thankp for his election. He spoke' in,, defence of Parliamentary Government, and asked members to aid him in upholding, its prerogatives. * Mr Kelly 'and' Mi 2 -Hutchison both spoke ip congratulatory terms upon the . election of Sir G.. M. . O’Rorke, adding that he hoped-that steps-woahtba taken for amending their Standing-Orders, **'■- so'di* to avoid a'repetliion ofJtbft- difficulties of !ast.session, to which one of the

■ previous speakers had!just.alluded. At 3.15 the Houie'adjourned tiir 1T45 to-day. .. • ~ - fs lits Excellency delivered .to both branches of the LCgis- y ■ lature : '■ t . . ..... >■ Honorable Legislative " ■ ConkcitiioEa AND GENTLEMEN OF THE HOTSE O^ Represent ativeS, — ... .A-., ■, It is with much- pleasure that l lh'av6‘ re-. Course to your advice and ; assistance, on the dcQasipn of the eighth Parliament of New ZealancL I forwarded to the Queen an expression ,/(which*T feel sure will of the deep-felt thankfulness with which all classes of her/Majesty is, subjects*. in New ’ Zealand heard of her - recent preservation from danger, arid- ! of their ;? tSarhest that she may be long spared tp rpign fl&r* ■ a loyal and united empire/ , This adopted by the last Parliament to extend the . franchise, to increase the representation of the people, aiidrtd affoid more frequent op- ~ portunit'es of ascertaining the opinions of -theconstitueneies/ may, (I trust,fb&hsdall - classes of theepunuunity to watch.J’oar deli Derations with keen interest, and be found conducive to. the - permanent welfare and'happiness of-the colony. I ifttn glad to be able 1 to ! foipgiPfttqlfljp you upon the renewed ahd r well folded confidence which- exists "as t 6" tha f >tsn. mercial prospects of the colony,, upon ,<ho ■ disappearance »of distress ambngfet the working classes, and upon the. general increase of the* revenue. The' proposals submitted to Parliament last session for the systematic laying oat of roads to promote the colonisation • of tMe waste - lands' -ihave had-■■ careful ; as- * centipiv during the; recess, and 'in a& parts of; the colony The-, work of "settlement, is progressing' and' neiw openings are in 'thevo&urse-of development! for. the employment of labor 'and capital. The railways have become more productive, and fresh groups of population ' are.. settling in districts which, only require means of convenient accesp to make them- prosperous. A-desire for permanent settlement on the' goldfields,' and for the profitable union of mining and agricultural pursuits in the satneTocalities, is becoming more manifest. Th£ present time is, in the opinion of my advisors, a very favorable one Ist which id press, forward-ihd construction of and to facilitate:!ilia influx of popolA* vj tion. The success of the eebend j*j

! -Whush 'htik :I been adopted at Rotorua , limited scale, for administering rativi ; on behalf of the native*ojvners, lead; me to hope it may have a beneficial an< more extended operation in the future My ad vie era are of opinion that a plan fo: ’ ’le&:g agricultural lands, with fixity o " ‘iejrrCj upon’ reasonable terms, ma] ;; with.. advantage be incorporated int< :i the general system of administering thi Crown lands-of the colony ; 'and a mea smq will be submitted to you-with thii ,V .object. Towards the close of last sessior of Parliament, the aspect of affairs at th< West Coast of the North Island appearec •- to my Governmpnt to have become more threatening than had previously been the ease, and my advisers felt themselves compelled to consider whether more active steps than had yet been taken might not ', be required for the repression of lawlessness, the protection of Her Majesty’s peaceable subjects, and the termination of the increasing excitement in that district. 'At their request, the House of Represen- • - tativas voted a sum of LIO,OOO to meet such a contingency. In the month of October the time arrived when conciliation • ’ having,in .the opinion of my Ministers, failed to effect its object, they considered the adoption of more mea- . Bures -to have become necessary, a

proclamation was accordingly issued during my absence *from the colony by the Administrator of the Government, calling on Te Whiti and his adherents to accept, withina specified time, the land offered • to them—a requisition with which Te Whiti failed to show any sign of compli- ‘ ance. The dangers and difficulties of the position were judged by my Government only to increase with the continued 1 exercise *of forbearance and it was resolved that the periodical

meetings of natives at Parihaka should be no longer- allowed to be held, that the numerous natives from other localities congregated there should be compelled to return to their own districts, and that Te ‘"Whitiand To*hu should be removed from ,a, position which was deemed by iny' advisers -to constitute a standing „ menace to the-peace of the colony. Te Whiti anxhTohu were therefore arrested, and were-committed for trial on a charge

! . • . i>f sedition.- In order to secure the success ■ of the-operation, the Volunteers were in- • -vited to leave their districts and render assistance, and a large addition was made lib the Artned Constabulary. The thanks of the colony were due to the Volunteers ' for the readiness with whith they answered , the call made on them* and for their soldierly conduct while on active service. .• * . -The-discipline and good conduct of the ■ Armed .Constabulary entitled them to the - 1: - highest praise. ,My Government desire it .to be recognised that in the course pur* -sued they - have been and are actuated ’ solely by anxiety to avert consequences disastrous to all classes of her Majesty’s ' ‘■ subjects, rather than by any desire to inflict .punishment. A Bill will be laid before you—having for its bb--4 jeqt, - 'yonder the trial of Te Wliiti ‘ and Tohu unnecessary, and at the same ! . P : t|me. to prevent- them from returning for the present to Parihaka or recommencing ■-.-n. uran agitation which baa long caused alarm and apprehension of danger among the settlers oh'the West Coast. lam assured that confidence in . the tranquility of the ■ district,ls established, and that a feeling 'J 'pf security exists among the inhabitants which has been long unknown to them. fljtirrr.WMHW OF THE Hodse of REPRESENTATIVES, The estimates of Revenue and Expenditure for - '.the current financial year will shortly be placed before you. Honorable, Legislative (Councillors and Gentlemen of the House of ' RePRESENTATIVE3, r ’ -Returns will be laid before you which “ ’■shdwthat the revenue has considerably -exceeded" the amount estimated; the -’railway returns especially show a r; y ‘ gratifying increase. The surplus of re--1 - eeipts over expenditure during the past 1J yeat amounts approximately to four per . cent.dpon the coat of construction. A ■ new impetus' appears to have been given 4 ! to every' branch of industry. The yield /.of gold for the year which has just closed, • ■ • as compared with that of several previous years, shows a marked development of this important industry, and encourages • the belief that further expenditure in 1 ' Opening up the goldfields will be pro- ’ ductive of the best results to the colony at ..-large. - .These facts appear to amply f justify your making provision for the extension, and ultimate completion of the main trunk line of railway, as well as for other important works in connection with them, to which Parliament has already „ given its.sanction! Proposals with these objects will be made to you, which the' increase of revenue and the ret . .. rival of . prosperity' appear fully to justify.. The Commissioners appointed to I ~ . enquire into the constitution, practice, , ■ and procedure of the-Courts of Judicature within fho.cplonyy with a view of prepar* ing such '-measures of reform as would : render-Ahe administration of justice more ,:-apeedy and ’efficacious, and at the -same ,s-time-Jess; costly than at present, have - completed their labor, and Bills will be V- -.Jlreßented 4 to yon for giving; effect ,) ..!' C -to-“the recommendationr of the Com.’i'Lt; roissioners, to amend' the Courts and 1 Road - Board-Acts; to regulate the making ..•A*-"aid levying of rates to effect important changes in the working of the Govern3'i in hut Life-Insurance Department, to imSe the -law affecting lunatics, to le" affirmation and declaration to be, :■' talceh in lieu of oaths, to abolish the re- >. t r straint» on'‘the alienation of land, to law relating to the property of td j 1 ; -niarried * 1 women, to consolidate and ; smend 'the law relating to legal practi* - s ti6ner«,-afad for the better management f . >oi-‘ Native reserves.' Each of these subrjeciS'Will require your very careful coni • ; under the guidance of pro*l frost: that your deliberations ju A. will Result iti-just” conclusions, beneficial this colony. •x----*l. ‘-f -- k ,nv;i ■ v’.n

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PARLIAMENTARY., Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 640, 19 May 1882

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PARLIAMENTARY. Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 640, 19 May 1882

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