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Sir John Lubbock, in opening the Jubilee Meeting of the British Association at York, surveyed the progress which science has made during the past fifty years. Beginning with the subject with which he is most familiar, that of biology, he said that it was estimated that whereas in 1831 not more than 70,000 animals had been described, now the number was at least 320,000. The theory of spontaneous generation, resulting in the discovery of germs, had had its influence upon surgery, and further researches would probably discover methods of stopping the sources of disease. In the period under review—to indicate illustrations from various sciences—most of the gigantic animals revealed by geology had been described/ spectrum analysis had pourtrayed the composition of the heavenly bodies ; the mechanical equivalent of heat had been determined ; electricity had made astonishing development ; photography had been discovered ; mechanical science had made wonderful strides, owing to the new process in the manufacture of iron ; and it was within the last fifty years that our railway system and our steamboacs had been constructed.

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Bibliographic details

PROGRESS OF SCIENCE., Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 520, 28 December 1881

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PROGRESS OF SCIENCE. Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 520, 28 December 1881

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