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LATE EUROPEAN NEWS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 519, 27 December 1881
LATE EUROPEAN NEWS.
j Per s.s. Rinoarooma, at the Bluff.] London, Deo. 15. M. Roustan, the French Minister resident at Tunis, has prosecuted M. Rochefort, the editor of the Intransigent , an extreme Radical journal published in Paris, for libel, having falsely accused him in the columns of his paper of having promoted the outbreak of hostilities in North Africa from a corrupt desire tu benefit his speculations on the Bourse in Tunisian bonds. The trial lasted for three days, and was watched with extraordinary interest. The trial, however, resulted in the acquittal of Rochefort. When the decision was announced, the spectators in the Court applauded loudly. Profound sensation has been created, not only in the capital, but throughout France. Roustan has been condemned to pay the costs of the action.
The British Government are negotiating with the United States, Germany, and France—the three Powers primarily interested in the South seas —for the creation of an International Court for the control of the Western Pacific. Pending the conclusion of such an arrangement, the Admiralty will take additional precautions for the protection of British subjects, and for maintaining a more watchful supervision over the mutual relations of the white and native races in the Pacific. Compliance with the undertaking was given in the House of Commons some months ago by Mr Trevallyn, the Secretary to the Admiralty. Communications have been exchanged between the British and French Governments with regard to the annexation by the latter of Kaiatea, one of the Society Islands. The French Government express a desire to retain possession of the land, in order that the prestige of the Republic in the South Seas may not suffer. The British Government reply that if they recognise the treaty under which the island has been ceded to France, care must be taken to secure not only that the interests of British trade are protected, but that the pledges given to the natives of the group are respected. The representatives of twenty British cable companies have waited upon Earl Granville, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, and requested that the Government would take steps to protect ocean cables from careless and wilful interference. The balloon which drifted across the English Channel on Saturday last has been seen off Alderney, one of the most northerly of the Channel Islands. H.M.S. Dasher has been despatched in the direction in which the balloon seemed drifting, for the purpose of picking up the occupants of the car, should they be able to descend. The Marquis of Lome, the GovernorGeneral of the Canadian Dominion, last evening addressed a meeting convened in the interests of the Woman’s Emigration Society of England. He proposed that committees should be organised in England, and affiliated with committees established in the colonies, and that the two should work in unison, one collecting and despatching suitable emigrants to the colonial dependencies of the empire, and the other watching over the interests of the emigrants on their arrival. Chili reasserts her. right to annex Peru. A slave dhow has been captured at Zanzibar. Her captain was made prisoner. The robbers who carried of L 40,000 worth of jewellery from Brynkinalt, the seat of Lord Hill Trevor, at Chirk, in Denbighshire, have not been discovered. Two servants who were arrested on suspicion of being concerned in the robbery, have been discharged. With regard to the disappearance of Viscount Boyle, Lieutenant in the Prince Consort’s Own (Rifle Brigade), from the garrison at Dublin, it turns out that the Viscount is merely absent without leave. A Fenian plot to destroy some public building in Dublin, has been frustrated by the activity of the police, who have seized a quantity of dynamite which was concealed in the city. They also seized a number of firearms and some documents, which indicates the character of the plot and implicate some conspirators. Three persons have already been arrested. Another plot to murder the Czar, Alexander 111., has just been discovered. The plan proposed was to blow up the Imperial PalaCeat Gatchina by meais of a mine. A number of officers of the guard have been arrested on suspicion. Murders and other crimes of violence, are still of frequent occurrence in Ireland, and persons who refuse to obey the orders of the Land League are kept in a state of constant fear. In County Roscommon a farmer has been shot for no other reason but paying his rent. In spite of the vigorous efforts of the Government to put them down terrorism and intimidation are still wildly resorted to by the Land League and its agents in all parts of Ireland. Placards have been discovered threatening death to all who disobey the mandate of the Land League, or in any way submit to the established Government. The police authorities are endeavoring to discover the agents employed in distributing and posting these placards.
As evidence of the strong sympathy entertained for Mr Parnell, now confined in Kilmainham Gaol, a large number of tenant farmers and laborers assembled at his estate at Wicklow, and performed the necessary operation of ploughing. Over 3,000 assembled to undertake the work, which was done gratuitously. This action has occasioned considerable comment.
The greatest sympathy continues to be felt in Vienna for the families of those who perished in the terrible catastrophe at the Ring Theatre. A subsription list in aid of the sufferers has been started in Vienna, to which all classes are contributing, the Emperor and Royal Family heading the list. The Emperor of Austria, who is staying at Gondollo, a small town about fifteen miles from Pesth, the capital of Hungary,which he usually visits during the hunting season, has publicly expressed his sympathy with the sufferers, and has ordered that a solemn requiem mass be performed in memory of those who perished. Public indignation has been so much excited at the lack of management displayed by the police and fire brigades at the fire that a movement has been started to establish a volunteer fire brigade on an efficient basis, and the matter is being taken up warmly. An English steamer has been seized at Constantinople by the Turkish authorities on suspicion of its being utilised for some nefarious purpose directed against the Porte. A large quantity of gunpowder was discovered on board, and despite the denial of the captain and agents that any wrongful act was intended, the vessel has been detained. The assistance of the British Ambassador has been invoked. The Manchester Chamber of Commerce has passed a series of resolutions, declaring the desirableness of developing trade with India, and strongly urging the the Government to carry out the abolition of the cotton duties.
A deputation waited on the Home Secretary to request mitigation of the severe sentence passed on the prisoners convicted recently of bribery in connection with the elections held at Macclesfield and Sandwich. It was urged that the offence was one which hitherto had not been regarded as of so heinous a character, and that, as they had already suffered heavy punishment, they might now be released. In reply, Sir William Harcourt refused to accede to the application, pointing out that it was absolutely necessary to preserve the purity of elections. Owing to recent activity _ displayed among the Nihilists, the Russian police have been on the alert, and numerous arrests of suspected persons have been made.
At St. Petersburg during the last few days 200 Nihilists have been arrested, who, it is believed, were engaged in a plot against the life of the Czar.
LATE EUROPEAN NEWS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 519, 27 December 1881
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