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other. Austria has occupied Bosnia with an army, and must prepare for a war with Turkey if ever that unfortunate power is strong enough to commence a war anywhere, and in another direction, Austria may at any time find that the enthusiasts for Germanic unity require her German provinces and her capital itself. Italy puts forward her claims for Tunis, and has not yet settled her old grudge against France for the forced cession to the latter of Nice and Savoy. The dream of Russia for a century and a half past has been one of universal conquest, and Turkey is in a chronic state of dismemberment by the great European Powers. Great Britain has her troubles in Ireland and her vast colonial empire to defend. Even the small powers deem it necessary—perhaps with good cause—to prepare against being swallowed up by their bigger neighbors —Belgium by France, and Denmark by Germany. Thus it is that that preparation for war which seems a necessity to all the leading statesmen of Europe is gradually bringing all the old countries in the direction of insolvency. For all this expenditure has annually to be met by taxation. And notwithstanding Professor Leone Levi’s esti mate to the contrary, we are strongly inclined to think that the chief burden of taxation is borne by the comparatively poorer classes, and not by either the middle classes or the rich. Customs duties of necessity are paid ultimately in the enhanced prices of articles of general use by the consumers, of whom the poorer classes are the most numerous. The Land Tax as usually assessed, falls also heavily on them, and these two contributing to the State’s revenue annually are among the largest. It is no wonder, therefore, that whatever may be said to the contrary, the poor of the old world are far poorer than the corresponding classes in the British colonies and in the United states. As taxation in the old world increases, and the difficulty of making a living becomes greater and greater, it seems only reasonable to expect that the stream of emigration to the colonies and to America will become larger and larger annually. It looks as if before many years are over, all those people who are left behind in the old world will be required as living food for powder and shot.

At Last !—lt will be seen on reference to our telegraphic columns that a tender has been accepted for the Ashburton permanent way extension to Mount Somers, and so there is at last a prospect of this long talked of work being carried out.

An Unwelcome Visitor. —At the Police Court this morning, before Mr R. Alcorn, JR, Jas. Beaumont was charged with drunkenness, and also with being illegally on private premises last night. Annie Kennedy, a married woman residing in Cameron street, deposed chat she was living alone at present, her husband being away at work, ishe retired to bed about nine o’clock last night, and extinguished the light, After ten o’clock she heard some one opening the back door, and the accused entered the house. She told him to go away, but he said he would stop until morning. He was very “tight.” He refused to leave, but did not attempt to lay a hand upon her. She therefore called to a man who was passing, and he came to her assistance and fetched a constable. John Fitzgerald, the person referred to, corroborated prosecutrix’s story. Beaumont was very drunk. Constable Hicks deposed to taking the accused into custody. He was lying on the floor of the house very drunk. The accused said he remembered nothing whatever about the affair. His worship said that he had rendered himself liable to twelve months’ imprisonment with hard labor. He noticed there were previous convictions against him for drunkenness. He would be sentenced to fourteen days’ hard labor. Ashborton Seat.— We understand that prior to the requisition being presented to Mr Wason, a number of the Mount Somers and Alford Forest electors had pressed Mr Purnell to contest the Ashburton seat with Mr Wright, but that gentleman declined the invitation on the ground that he had from the first decided to stand for Wakanui. It would appear that all intention to bring forward another candidate for Ashburton is now abandoned. Mr Purnell at Barruill. —Mr Purnell addressed the Wakanui electors at the Barrhill schoolbouse, on Thursday evening. There were about fifty persons present, including several ladies. Mr 0. N. Mackie occupied the chair. Mr Purnell, in opening his remarks, humorously alluded to the supposed potent influence of one of the other candidates in this paiticular locality, observing that he was “ bearding the lion in his den,” but reminded the electors that the conditions of the ballot had now been made so stringent that every elector might now record his vote on the full condition that the manner in which he had voted could not possibly become known. Mr Purnell reiterated his political views as explained in other parts of the district, and at the close of his address, replied to a number of questions, apparently to the satisfaction of the meeting. A vote of thanks was given to the candidate, and a similar compliment was paid to the chairman for presiding, and the meeting adjourned.

A Couple op Free and Independent Elei tors.— From Napier conies the news that two men who were recently released from Napier gaol, where they had undergone long sentences, claimed to be placed on the electoral roll, on the ground that they had been six months’ residents here, and the registrar allowed the claim, although he was informed of the circumstances. He said he had no power to refuse, as the men were not sentenced for felony.

A New Breakfast Beverage. —Coffee prepared from date stones is the newest thing in breakfast table drinks in Christchurch. The beverage is popular at Home. It is described as possessing the fragrance, flavor, and all the other good qualities of coffee, but none of the bad ones.

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Bibliographic details

Ashburton Guardian, Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 501, 25 November 1881

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Ashburton Guardian Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 501, 25 November 1881

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