The Ashburton Guardian. Magna Est Veritas Et Prevalebit. FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1881. The Old World’s Poverty and one Grand Cause of It.
TOWN EDITION. [lssued at 4.30 p.m. j
A German politician, Herr Herbst lately called attention forcibly, in a speech to his constituents, to the enormous and increasing costliness of standing armies, navies and warlike preparations in all the great countries of Europe. According to Herr Herbst the annual cost of these, as stated in the various budgets, was in 1865 about two thousand million dollars, and in 1879 had risen to three thousand millon dollars. From year to year also this costliness is on the increase, as improved methods of defence give rise to new, improved, and more expensive methods of attack. And besides the direct cost of war the indirect has to be added if we wish to form any estimate of the total loss to each nation from this cause alone. The vast afmies necessary in modern warfare, comprising about a million men in France and Austria each, and more nearly two millions each in Germany and Russia, are all so many representatives of families employed in unproductive labor, and maintained by the State with 'no more profit to itself than so many paupers. What makes the prospect before us in this case particularly gloomy is also, as Herr Herbst pointed out, that there seems no safe way of reducing these vast armaments at any part of Europe unless the views of the leading statesmen about their national re quirements are entirely altered. France has a Tunisian war on her hands, Algeria on the verge of an open revolt, and the imagined duty of recovering Alsace and Lorraine from Germany. Germany is compelled to be ready to encounter the bitter hostility of France on, the one side, and the disguised animosity in the garb of outward friendliness Vfhich Russia exhibits on the
Poor Boys ! — 4t the Christchurch Magistrate’s Court yesterday, two lads, aged 9 and 11 years respectively, were charged with stealing six tickets from the box office of the Theatre Royal. . The boys were very ill-clad and dirty, and presented a wretched appearance altogether. The police said they were neglected by their parents, and allowed to run wild. They were also charged with using bad language, etc., and for this offence (the first charge being withdrawn) they were sent to the Industrial School at Burnham for a term of years. Will they come out any better than they went in ? Post Office Monet Orders.— Business men throughout the colony will learn with pleasure that the money order system has been extended to the United States, and the erstwhile difficulties experienced in transacting business to a limited extent with America will now be removed. A table of relative values of English and American coinage is open for inspection at the local post office, and money can now be transmitted to “brother Jonathan” at the following charge :—For the first I L2, Is fid ; every additional L2, or frac- J tion of shat sum—ls. iu-iq ! jd o!> 4 Jjuj .oilijiu jio gut
Ghektsey iSi’Oiu’.s. — l The Chovtscyitcs are collecting subscriptions to defray expenses of their sports on New Year’s Day. About LlO was collected, as a start, at the hotel the other evening.
Sewing Machines and Pianos.—We would direct attention to an announcement elsewhere re Wheeler and Wilson’s sewing machines, for which Messrs (Jit and Co. are the sole agents for Ashburton. Also to an announcement re P.rinsmcad’s well-known pianofortes, for which Messrs Long and Co., of Melbourne, hold the head agency for Australia and New Zealand.
Matt, for England. —Mails for the United Kingdom, continents of America and Europe, West Indies, Cape of Good Hope, &c., will close at Ashburton on Saturday, Dec. 3rd, at 10.30 a.m. Supplementary mails for despatch per express train will close at sp. m. Late fee letters may be posted in the mail van up to the time of the departure of the train.
The English Cricketers.— According to the published programme of the English cricketers now in Australia, they were to begin their tour on November 23, with a match against twenty-two of Maitland, New South Wales. Three more matches against twenty-two’s follow, and then the first important contest — against eleven of New South Wales—takes place. This is fixed for December 9, 10, and 12 ; and immediately following they play eleven of Victoria, on December 16, 17, and 19. On Boxing Day they play eighteen of South Australia, and on New Year’s Day or its equivalent holiday, the grand match of the trip will ho fought out between eleven of Australia and the English team. If they come to New Zealand at all, they will leave for this colony at the conclusion of the big match, and play at the four principal towns, Oamaru and Timaru being added to the list if sufficient inducement is offered. — Times.
Another Look at the Wolf. —The following from a Western correspondent, has the merit of truth, and shows how sly and humorous are the methods adopted to circumvent laws enacted to prevent the vending of alcoholic beverages:—During the brief existence of the Maine liquor law a live showman (not Artemus Ward) made his appearance in , with a small dirty, tattered canvas tent, a half-starved wolf, and a suspicious-looking keg. The admission fee of ten cents was cheerfully paid by a number of “old sports,” who manifested a peculiarly strong desi-e to see this very common and villanouslooking specimen of the animal kingdom. But the oddest part of the show to the bystanders was that one particularly hard old case had pressed in “to take another look at that wolf” no less than seven times during the afternoon. The secret was at last revealed. After several unsuccessful attempts to start for home, he approached the tent door with an unsteady step, and handing in his last dime to the showman ,!) hiccoughed, “ I b-b’iieve I’ll takers’ another look at that wolf !”
A Spider Museum. —Captain Holden’s Museum of Spiders, which has just been removed from Marietta, in Ohio, to Cincinnati, is one of the most complete collections ever made by a naturalist. It contains 25,000 specimens collected during a long campaign, extending over more than twenty years. The number of species represented is no less than 4,000, and they vary in size and shape, and in almost all the details of the curious art by which they get their living. Amongst them are those kinds which frequent gardens, those which pass, their lives in houses, in barns, in cellars, and amidst ruined walls; in hedges, bushes, trees, and forests. Some of them are of microscopic size, and others big enough to weave lines almost resembling twine, and to make nets in which small birds are caught. The latter species actually subsists chiefly upon the winged prey which thus falls into its clutches, and the mere task of feeding itself must involve a great deal of trouble and expense. The American collector keeps his pets in glass cages, where they are comfortable enough, but it is not stated whether he finds time to tame or train any of the specimens.