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[Per s.s. Alhambra, via the Bluee.] JjOndon, Nov. 1. The Standard announces this morning that important changes in the constitution of the Cabinet are impending. Mr Gladstone, whose health is far from satisfactory, contemplates resigning office as Chancellor of the Exchequer, and is even meditating the advisability of closing his political career and retiring into private life. A terrible tragedy occurred recently at Carlisle, a nurse girl, only 14 years of age, having murdered an infant entrusted to her care by her mistress, under circumstances of peculiar atrocity. The girl has been tried for murder at the Carlisle Assizes just concluded, and was found guilty. The Judge passed sentence of death ; but the extreme penalty of the law will not be carried into effect. Another plot against the Emperor of Russia has been discovered. The object being to destroy by fire the palace and fortress of Gatschina, situated 30 miles south-west of St. Petersburg. Notwithstanding the extreme precautions taken there to secure the safety of the building, the conspiracy was not discovered until the precautions were nearly completed for carrying the „plot into operation. Five Nihilists ’’concerned in the affair have been arrested and lodged in prison.

The success of the recent Australian shipment of frozen meat has excited the attention of American shippers. A project is being started for the establishment of a shop in Leadenhall Market for the sale of beef sent from America, with the view of enabling the public to purchase meat direct.

Rinderpest is causing serious havoc amongst the cattle of Norfolk, and farmers have suffered heavily. Precautions are being taken to prevent the spread of the epidemic. Arrangements have been made for the establishment of a new lino of sailing vessels to Australia. This action has been taken in consequence of a combination formed amongst shipowners at present engaged in the trade to raise the rate of freight. Four leading shipowners and brokers have agreed to start a new line, which will be called the Alliance Line, and their vessels will sail from London to Adelaide, Melbourne, and Sydney. The first ship will be dispatched early in December, and subsequently vessels will leave at regular monthly intervals. In the United States, the sympathy expressed with Ireland has rapidly diminished of late, and subscriptions to the Land League have shown a decided falling off.

The number of persons arrested in Ireland for seditious conduct and now confined in gaol amounts to 244. A manifesto has been issued by Joseph Egan, Treasurer of the Irish Land League, urging the tenants to remain true to the policy of the League, and refuse to pay any rent while their leader is imprisoned. The Anti-Vivisection Society has taken steps for the prosecution of Dr Perrier, a well-known experimentalist and discoverer, for conducting experiments on living animals without obtaining a license for the purpose, under the Anti-Vivisec-tion Act. A Nihilist laboratory for the manufacture of explosives has been discovered in St Petersburg, and seized by the Russian police. A man, who is believed to be insane, was arrested yesterday at the White House, Washington, the official residence of the President of the United States. The intruder carried arms. The first train passed through St Gothard Tunnel to-day. The tunnel connects the railways that meet at Zurich on the Swiss side of the Alps with those of Italy, of which Milan is the centre. Its length is about eleven miles, and the tunnel has a unfform height of rather more than 9£ft, and a width of from 25 to 26£ft. The train occupied 50 minutes traversing the tunnel.

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Bibliographic details

LATE EUROPEAN NEWS., Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 494, 17 November 1881

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LATE EUROPEAN NEWS. Ashburton Guardian, Volume III, Issue 494, 17 November 1881