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The Ashburton Guardian. Manga Est Veritas et Prevalebit FRIDAY, JUNE 24, 1881.

TOWN EDITION. [lssued at 5.30 p.m.J

Population op Ashburton County. From the last number of the Government Gazette, it appears that on the 3rd April, the population of Ashburton County was as follows :—Males, 4,397 ; females, 2,761; total, 7,158. Trustee. —Mr T. B. Craig, accountant, Christchurch, has been appointed Trustee in the estate of William Aitken, late farmer, cf Chertsey, in the place of the previous trustee, John White, who has left the colony. Masonic. —The usual monthly meeting of the Somerset Lodge takes place this evening at the Masonic Hall Tancred street. New Building.— The erection of a new two-storied brick building in Havelock street is now being proceeded with by Mr W. C. Davis, for Messrs Baker and Brown. We understand that the building when completed will look extremely well, and from its position and structure will be an important feature in the Borough buildings. A Protest. —A petition is now in course of signature in Christchurch, requesting His Worship the Mayor to convene a public meeting to protest against the proposed Fire Brigades Bill. ASHBURTON CHICORY WORKS. The first practical instance of local in dustry which may be said fairly to be the outcome ef our Industrial Association was started to-day. Having heard that it was the intention of the proprietor to start work this afternoon, we accepted his invitation to be present in order to witness the various processes under which the chicory root is manipulated in order to make it in marketable quantities as an adjunct to the production of locally prepared coffee. As instancing the rapid progress of Ashburten, we have only to notice the very many improvements in the town as well as in the county. Keep-

ng pace with that progress we have men amongst us who have determined to ■ add to their progress works and industries which cannot fail to assure outsiders that our town and country are more than ever in a constant state of progression. Still there are many here who deem it unwise to add industries, and are ever trying lo place obstacles in the way of a few industrious speculators, who are trying their level best to cope for an independent existence. That there are. however, only a few we are ready to admit, still that few may possibly prevent some from launching out into undertakings which must ultimately load to grand results. If it is prove d that local industry is the grand sectet of a nation’s success, let us do all we can to further the establishment of them by all means, even if the commencement is ever so small and seemingly insignificant. Mr Pearce, who has just started a branch of industry, which has been proved to be so highly successful in Christchurch, deserves the thanks of his fellow townsmen, and assured their best wishes for his success are guaranteed. The buildings erected for the works are situated on a section in Moore street, the front portion of which was occupied lately by Mr Boyle. These are now turned into an office and store-room, in the back room of which is stored the chicory root just as it is taken out of the ground. Looking at it in its rough state, it is rather difficult to understand that a mixture for coffee can be made out of such a peculiar root. Following into the. other buildings, which are very commodious, we examine the various processes of its manufacture. After the roots have been emptied into a large vat, sunk to within about two feet of the floor, and into which a constant stream of water flows, they are shovelled out on to a ledge to drain. They are then taken to a cutter, which acts in a similar manner to a turnip cutter with discs. Then this chopped root is put into the kiln, under which a 2 x 4 ft. coke fire constantly burns, emitting a white heat. The floor of the kiln is laid with perforated cast-iron sheets or tiles, and on these the roots are spread. The quantity that can be thus dried is fully a ton at a time. After remaining here for soma hours, the root is taken again to the cutter, and again subjected to its action, and is reduced consequently to very much smaller proportions. It is then put into what is called the “ Roaster.” This is a cylindrical revolving drum, made of iron with cups inside, and revolves over a coke furnace for some time, until the root is sufficiently roasted. This can bo ascertained by a tester which is inserted into the drum as it revolves. So _ soon as it is ready, it is placed in the mill for grinding, when it is ready for the market. The mill proper revolves at about 500 revolutions per minute. The whole of the machinery is driven by a steam engine, which is placed inside the building, and works beautifully smooth. The whole of this year’s crop of chicory, 8 itimated at about 50 tons, was grown by Mr Pearce, and has been sold when manufactured to an outside market, at a very satisfactory price. It is Mr Pearce’s intention to grind coffee beans for the trade in large or small quantities, and mix the chicory as required. The fuel used for the furnaces is loxdly-made coke from the gas-works. We heartily wish Mr Pearce every success in his undertaking. We must not omit to mention that the whole of the buildings have been erected by Mr Pearce personally, and are very creditable, both from their design and workmanship.

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The Ashburton Guardian. Manga Est Veritas et Prevalebit FRIDAY, JUNE 24, 1881., Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 378, 24 June 1881

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The Ashburton Guardian. Manga Est Veritas et Prevalebit FRIDAY, JUNE 24, 1881. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 378, 24 June 1881

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