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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna Est Veritas, Et Praevalebit. TUESDAY, MAY-31, 1881. A Shameful System.

TOWN EDITION. \lamed at 4.10 n.rn.'\

“You are committed to the .Indusdustrial School for five years.” Thus decrees his Worship from the Bench, and the hapless urchin, looking unspeakably forlorn and miserable, is dragged away from the presence by the attendant constable, wondering what new experience is in store for him, and already beginning to find life growing burdensome. This little waif, we will suppose (and such cases are unhappily of only too frequent occurrence), has been deserted by his good-for-nothing parents, and left at the mature age cf eight years to fight his own battles with the world. He is not a bad boy } with a little careful training he may develop into a good and useful citizen, and cut a respectable figure in life. Misfortune is about the worst thing he

has been guilty of up to the present. Left by his wretched parents to shift for himself, he has been found wandering at large, like an unregistered dog, by the police, and very properly taken charge of, subsequently being brought before the Bench as a neglected child

—and this is the result. But here is an older boy, and with an expression of countenance not particularly cheerful to contemplate. It has nothing boyish about it; it is tire expression of the gaol-bird. He is up on a charge of larceny. “ A regular bad ’un your Worship,” remarks the intelligent officer who effected his capture, glancing severely at the juvenile delinquent, who is just now concentrating all his energies in whimpering and wiping his eyes with . the back of his hand. It transpires that this boy is an incorrigible young thief. He is the child of a drunkard and a scamp —an habitual criminal—and appears to be in a fair way of emulating the parental example if he is only given time and the opportunity. Sharp discipline, for a period at least, is the only thing that can save him. So evidently thinks the Magistrate. “ Committed to the Industrial School for five years,” says his Worship, “ call the next case.” And so these two boys, whose careers and dispositions are so widely different, are committed to the same school and for the same term. There is no distinction made, or thought of. Both will be subjected to precisely similar discipline, and daily associate with, it may be, fifty or a hundred others, many of them not improbably incorrigible young rogues whose only heritage is their criminal precocity. At Home such a condition of things would never be tolerated. There the distinction between criminal children and merely neglected children is zealously, and most properly, preserved. The one class goes to the Industrial School while the other is sent to the Reformatory, and there is as much difference between the two institutions as between the two classes of children they are intended to receive. At Home some attention is paid to the adage which declares that “ evil communications corrupt good manners,” and the authorities refrain from associating the innocent and well-behaved boy with the embryo Jack Sheppard or Bill

Sykes. We understand that in this colony the expense of separating the institutions is the plea urged in extenuation of their union. But in a matter of such paramount importance as this the question of expense is not entitled to one moment’s consideration. The moral training of children cannot commence too early, and let officials be as careful as they will, no amount of vigilance will prevent children who are being brought up together under the same roof, and in daily companionship, from associating and becoming intimate. That such companionship, under the circumstances indicated, can be unattended with danger few will be prepared to deny, and it is a monstrous thing that this danger should be allowed to exist.

In the name of justice and of reason the abolition of the present system, therefore, should be no longer delayed; and any extra outlay that the change may involve will be more than compensated by the inauguration of a healthier and better state of things. We consider the boarding-out system is the system most advantageous for these children who may be classed as proper inmates of an industrial school, and let the “ incorrigible ” ones be housed together in reformatories. . How strangely indifferent our representatives in Parliament rre on the question. Mr Wright in his address never broached the subject. , Year after year our judges in their addresses to the jury point out the absolute necessity of proper classification —the tractable from the incorrigible, the unfortunate from the hardened criminals, and nothing is done. The population is increasing to a large extent, and with it crime in a more or less form increases with a corresponding ratio. Criminals of all grades get mixed together more or less in the gaols, but why should there be any necessity for crowding together the waifs, criminal and otherwise, when such an easy and workable method as the boarding-out system is available? Unless something is done to this end the legislators will soon find that the Industrial School system, as at present organised, will act as a hot-bed of criminal associations for the colonial neglected youths.

Pre-Sessional. —Mr Oliver, one of the members for Dunedin city, addresses his constituents on Thursday evening next. Further Victories. —A private telegram received at Dunedin says that Mata won other two races besides the Cup at the Adelaide meeting. Chess Club. —A meeting of those interested in the formation of a Chess Club in the district will be held on Saturday evening next in the Mail office. Pocket Picking. —lt is stated that a man from Tuapeka was robbed of L2OO by having his pocket picked at the Forbury races on the Queen’s Birthday.

Before iixs Constituents. —Mr Thomson, member for the Clutha, addressed a meeting of his constituents at Balclutha last night and received a vote of thanks and confidence. Erratum. —An error as to the date of the banquet to be given to Dr Stewart appeared in our issue of last evening. The date fixed is Tuesday, tbe 7th Juno.

Lecture. — A lecture will be delivered in the Kyle schoolroom on Friday next, in aid of the Library fund, by Mr Barnett Gordon, who will take for his subject “ Freethought. ” The Mount Somers Line. —We understand that a meeting is to be called at an early date, by residents in the Mount Somers District, to protest against any deviation from the original line as laid down by Mr Triphook. The burgesses of Ashburton will in all probability be asked to co-operate. In the Wrong Coat. — A prisoner escaped from the Dunedin Botanical Gardens yesterday by putting on a warder’s coat and strolling of in an unconcerned way. He was not missed for ten minutes. Ho was serving a short sentence, which would expire to-day. The Edinburgh Burglars,— Captain Frater, of Auckland, who was the master of the Fernglen, gives the following' particulars concerning the desperadoes captured in Edinburgh : —James Waring .Shepperd, third mate of the Fernglen, told the captain that he was a commercial traveller at Edinburgh two years previously. He seemed to have something on " his mind, and was discharged at Wellington on January 13th, 1879. Captain Prater says that he was of sensitive disr position, and would probably commit suicide rather than be exposed to disgrace. As to James Grant, the seaman, Captain Frater says that ho was the greatest scoundrel and arrant coward he ever met.

Flemington School. —This school will ! bo opened on Wednesday, 15th prox., by a tea meeting and entertainment. ' More N.Z. Candidates. —Mr Driver will probably nominate Sommis and Sir Modred for the next Melbourne Cup. Tenders —Are advertised for by the Plantation Board for fencing. Particulars will be fonnd elsewhere. An English Gold Mine. —Gold has been found in considerable quantity in the lode of a Cornish copper mine. Auction Sale.— Mr Alfred Harrison notifies on our third page that he will offer for sale on Thursday next, the complete bakehouse plant now in possession of Messrs Marsh and Groves, Settling-op. —Thejfollowing amounts were paid over by the Ashburton Racing Club at the settling-up ;—Mr F. S.JJames, L4B ; Mr W. Saunders, L 49 ; Mr J. H. Lunn, L3O ; Mr G Nicholas, L 5. Dunedin Land League. —A crowded meeting of sympathisers with the Irish Land League was held at Dunedin last night, and resolutions were carried expressing sympathy, and a subscription list was opened and a ladies committee formed. vVhat is Wanted. —Says a Dunedin telegram : —A new brake, designed by the Roslyn Tramway Company’s engineer, was tried on Saturday under the supervision of the Government Engineer. It worked mosc successfully, and all the cars will be fitted with it. Overstocked. —At the Licensing Court, Wellington, four applications for new licenses will be made. It is understood that the police intend opposing the granting of any fresh licenses, on the ground that the hotels in the city are already more than equal to the requirements. Struck. —The Rowena, fromManukau, when entering Waitara river on Saturday morning, got on the South Spit, where she stuck fast. An effort was made on Sunday night to get her {off, but she was found to be embedded firmly in the sand, and the attempt proved unsuccessful. She is high out of the water and as she has settled down, will probably not be got off for some time. She is not in a dangerous position. Tit for Tat. —We understand that the man Goldberg, after his release to-day, made application to Sergeant Felton for the return of the property found on him when searched, namely, the box, table, balls, cloth, cards, dice, &c. This demand the Sergeant declined to accede to, and an information was to-day sworn against him, charging him with illegal detention of property. The articles in question are ; valued at L 6. i Statistical. — In the Ashburton County . there are 380 freeholds, 127 rented hold- ’ iuga, and. 53 holdings part rented , and part freehold, making a total of 5G5 holdings. Of those, 62,848 acres are devoted to wheat grow--1 ing ; 28,571 to oats ; 10,827 to barley ; - 1,051 to hay ; 326 to potatoes 120 to i rye; 1,314 to peas or beans ; 43,540 to f turnips or rape ; SGO to mangold, beet, carrots, etc. ; 361 to orchards or gardens ; 472 to other crops. Thus making a total ) area of 305,899 acres under crop, and 5 2,612 acres in plantations of forest trees. Wheat Afloat. —The Boston Post says 3 there are now on the passage for England, f as far as can be estimated, 15,288,000 , bushels of wheat, carried by 334 vessels. Of these, 148 vessels, with 9,000,000 bushels, are from California and Oregon ; 50 vessels, with 1,728,000 bushels are ! from the Atlantic ports of the United , States; 45 vessels, with 1,200,000 i bushels, are from the Black Sea ; 25 » vessels, with 824,000 bushels, are from ; Egypt and India; 25 vessels, with 888,000 , bushels, are from Chili ; 41 vessels, with 1,048,000 bushels, are from Australia and Now Zealand, i Football Club. —At a general meeting , held last evening, Mr Fooks in the chair, • it was resolved—“ That challenges be > sent to Lincoln, The Ravens, and The Pilgrims, to play at Ashburton and “ That, before joining the Rugby Union, 1 the Secretary asscertain the rules to which • the Club would be subjected and the for--5 multe to be gone through. To-morrow, a ; match will take place between the fol--3 lowing teams : —(A) —Fooks (2), Hodder (2), Groves, Clark, St. George, Hunt, [ Adams, Fowler, Brett, Davison ; (B) — M‘Laren, Jephson, J. Fooks, Lechner, r Barker, Mayo, Everett, Leach, Fitz, 5 Shury, Pauling, and Stephens. The Raven Disqualification. —At a • meeting of the Stewards of the Racing r Club in this matter, the following resolu- . tion was carried, Mr Husband having ’ wrote claiming the stakes—“ That Mr P. Husband be written to informing him that his claim cannot be entertained on the : ground that at the meeting of Stewards, held on the ground previous to the race, ! it was decided that in consequence of a : protest entered against Raven by Mr Muir, I owner of Lonehand, Raven should be disqualified for the District Handicap, that horse not having accepted till after the 1 advertised time ; his acceptance having then been taken by the Secretary under ; protest, and consequently subject to the final decision of the Stewards; that Mr Husband’s attention be further called to , Rule 3 of the published regulations, which slates that the decision of the Stewards on all disputed points shall bo final. ”

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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna Est Veritas, Et Praevalebit. TUESDAY, MAY-31, 1881. A Shameful System., Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 358, 31 May 1881

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The Ashburton Guardian. Magna Est Veritas, Et Praevalebit. TUESDAY, MAY-31, 1881. A Shameful System. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 358, 31 May 1881

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