The Ashburton Guardian. Magna Est Veritas et Prevalebit. WEDNESDAY, APRIL 27, 1881, Butter, Cheese, and Meat.
TOWN EDITION. [lssued at 4.30 p.m.]
From whatever point of view the interests of our Colony is taken, its mainstay must be, for many years to come, on the capabilities afforded it for opening up steady markets for our agricultural and pastoral products. Day by day this fact has become more apparent, and prudent capitalists, awakened by the Success of our sister colony, have deterrpined to test
the shipments of meat and dairy products on no small scale from New Zealand. In all probability, the direct benefit from the successful export of meat will accrue to the large and wealthier class of our agriculturists; but we feel assured that whatever benefits them directly will also enable the smaller agriculturists to be considerable gainers indirectly. So long as both are benefitted, what more can we desire ? With our climate so far superior to any other in the Australasian Colonies for grazing purposes, dairy produce must be ultimately classed as one of our principal exports —provided sufficient care is taken in making it marketable in order to be found good after shipment to England. With regard to the shipment of butter, some has been already sent Home, and has been delivered in excellent condition, little, if at all, inferior to the celebrated Cork butter. We are not prepared to say, however, that the butter sent Home was made in the Ashburton County. From all accounts, we believe it to have been made elsewhere. Undoubtedly, Ashburton possesses some excellent capabilities for the purpose of the manufacture of splendid butter and cheese. Situated, as we are, in the centre of a very large agricultural district, every facility is afforded to our farmers to excel in this particular branch of dairy farming. But what is the experience of our housekeepers ? It is that a difficulty is often experienced in obtaining a really good pound of butter, free from a decidedly manufactured taste. Now, this is certainly not what should be ex pected in a country district. In Dunedin the milk supplied is decidedly superior, and very much cheaper, and the butter is of excellent quality. How is the difference to be accounted for? We can only account for it in this way : that the little demand over production, and the pernicious system of barter, have caused a carelessness in matters pertaining to the dairy, so that no interest is taken in supplying a good article of produce in connection therewith. At the last meeting of the Committee of the Local Industries Association this matter was specially referred to by two of our leading merchants. They pointed out the benefit that would be derived from the exportation of a portion of the large quantity of butter which might be made in this district,' if the quality could be depended upon, and this could only be effected by the establishment of a “ creamery,” where the process of butter and cheese making could be properly and scientifically carried out. We quite concur with this view’, and we believe that one of the best and safest industries our settlers in this county could at present introduce would be a “creamery,” on the American principle, where their cows’ milk could be sold and found to realise its highest cash value, and be utilised under a process, alike satisfactory to the promoters and the district generally It may, perhaps, seem premature to start anything of the kind here, but the low price ruling for some time past, for dairy produce, must convince us that a step towards guaranteeing its proper manufacture, will be the only way to command success in its exportation, and its rise in value will soon follow, as a matter of course. The latest New Zealand Gazette publishes an advertisement notifying that a bonus of jfsoo will be given for the first twenty-five tons of butter, or, the first fifty tons of cheese (both of which are to be produced in a factory worked on the American principle, and to which factory any farmer, subject to certain conditions, may send his milk), which shall be exported from New Zealand and sold at such prices in a foreign market as shall show that the articles are of fair quality. Now we contend that this is a splendid opportunity for our agriculturalists, and should not be lost sight of. The - Government are very wisely putting everything in the farmers’ power to enable them to start a manufactory by offering such a liberal bonus, and we hope that this county will be the first effect the start. It will not take long to make the 25 tons of butter, at all events. The bonus of for the first 100 tons of meat from New Zealand, in vessels fitted with refrigatory machinery, is also notified in the same Gazette. The Otagon capitalists and squatters are to the front in this matter, and no doubt they will succeed in obtaining the bonus. It seems strange that Canterbury should have been so apathetic over the matter of meat export. Whatever portion of the colony first establishes the export of butter, cheese, and meat, and is lucky enough to obtain the bonuses, our best wishes are that success may attend the effort, as we feel assured that the yearly addition to the value of our exports, by the export of butter, cheese, and meat to England, will attract most valuable additions to the population, in the shape of skilled immigrants to cultivate the soil, and a possible extension of our export values, on which it is impossible almost to place a limit
Borough Cricket Club.—This club meets to-morrow night, and not this evening, as noticed yesterday. In Bankruptcy. —Mr W. R. Boyle has been appointed creditors’ trustee in the estate of Henry Godfrey, a bankrupt. Train Arrangements.— Notifications appear elsewhere regarding the train arangcments for the Timaru races on Thursday and Friday. St. Stephens’ Church. —The annual meeting of parishioners takes place on Friday evening next, in the Library Hall, when the Churchwardens’ report and balance sheet will be submitted, and Churchwardens and Vestrymen elected for the ensuing year. To the Unemployed. —The South Rakaia Road Board invite tenders for repairing and maintaining several roads in the Rakaia district. Tenders are asked for cross-ploughing 150 acres tussock land on the Coldstream run, for Mr John Emmerson ; and the County Engineer desires tenders for the water race passing Dromore.
Death to the Sparrows. —A meeting of persons interested in the formation of a sparrow club in the Waterton district is called for to-morrow evening, and on Saturday afternoon the Wakanui Sparrow Club will hold a meeting at the Somerset Hotel to receive the Committee’s report and adopt rules.
Errata. —Our information in reference to the medical testimony as to the cause of the sudden death reported in yesterday’s issue is incorrect, so far as stating that death had resulted from embolism. We are desired to state that tlfe immediate cause of Mr Stalker’s death was disease of the heart, and he had for some time past been attended by Dr Trevor for that disease.
More Racers for Timaru. —Another long string of racehorses passed through here to-day for Timaru.
Omitted. —Natator should have been among the list of contents for the S.C.J.C. Handicap, published by us yesterday.
Released. —The Hon. W. Rolleston was in Dunedin yesterday. Sixty of the Maori prisoners are to be released, and will go North by the Hinemoa on Thursday ; thirteen remain behind. Accidentally Drowned. — A little boy named Edmund Frog gat, aged 3£ years, a son of Mr Cabel Froggat, of Long Bush, was drowned in a water-hole on Monday last.
Accidentally Smothered.— An infant child, named John Howard, was found dead in bed in Auckland, yesterday. It is believed to have been accidentally overlain by its mother.
Fire in Lyttelton. —A fire was discovered yesterday morning in an oyster saloon, Lyttelton, but was immediately extinguished, it having only obtained a very slight hold at the time of discovery.
A Centenarian. —An Englishwoman, named Catharine Merritt, died in Naples on the 20th Jan., at the age of 106 years, having been born at Rochester, Kent, in 1775. She retained her faculties to the last.
Extremes Meet. By the City of Sydney which left Auckland yesterday afternoon for San Francisco, the Rev. A. Reid, the Wesleyan representative at the (Ecumenical Conference ; and the Rev. C. Melville Pym, whoso services here were recognised by a farewell meeting, were passengers. Colo’s circus is also on board.
Farinaceous Food Factory. The Telegiaph of last evening states;—“Mr Ward, late of Ashburton, has determined to erect a starch and farinaceous food manufactory, on premises the property of Mr J. A. Morgan, in Madras street south.” We regret that Mr Ward did not see his way clear to erect the factory in this town, and thus establish a largo local industry in our midst. Local Industries Association. We are desired to point out that the next meeting of the committee will be for the purpose of considering the report of the sub-committee appointed to furnish details in connection with the formation of a joint stock company to assist in starting manufactories in Ashburton. The business will be strictly private. .The notice appears in our advertising columns.
Malvern Water Race. —The opening of Branch No. 2 of this race took place on Friday last. Both branches of the race are eight feet in width, and when completed there will be about nine inches of water on the sills of the falls, which are constructed of timber, possessing wings let into the banks for support, and below each, an apron of boulders. There are 2,400 of these falls in this branch. No. 1 Branch is now carrying 4in of water as far as Kirwee.
Prostitution not a Trade. —At the Wellington Resident Magistrate’s Court, yesterday, a number of women of illfame were charged under the Vagrant Act. His Worship held that prostitution per se is not unlawful, but if accompanied by disorder or indecent exposure, or anything that grossly shocks the public mind, then it is unlawful. In giving this decision, Worship pointed out that, although the trade the defendants were pursuing was not denounced by any law of the land as unlawful, it was a mistake to suppose that it had been made lawful. He bound the defendants over to appear before the Court that day week for sentence.
Football.—A meeting of the Ashburton Football Club was held last evening, there being present Messrs A. Fooks, C. J. Fooks, Hodder, St. George, and Mayo. Hie minutes of the previous meeting were road and confirmed. Tha action of the chairman in having the ground mown was approved. It was agreed, on the motion of Mr Hodder, to play matches on alternate Saturdays and Wednesdays. A match between teams picked by the Captain and Secretary was fixed for Saturday next, play to commence at 2 o’clock sharp, the sides to be as follows : ■ Captain—Brett, E. Fooks, Ross, McFarlane, Leitch, Barker, Shury, Fowler, Davison, Toppin, Hodder, Anderson, and Tate ; Secretary —Jephson, St. George, J. Fooks, R. Hodder, Groves, Lechner, Fitzgerald, Hepburn, Burfoot, McLaren, Stevens, and Andrews. This was all the business and the meeting terminated with the usual vote of thanks to the chairman. Supposed Suicide.—A tragic event (says this morning’s Press) took place yesterday afternoon in the district of Papanui. From the report of Constable Wallace, it appears that he was called to the house of John Day, a jobbing gardener, Clare road, and ascertained the following particularsAt about one o’clock p. m., whilst Mr Day was in his kitchen, cooking, a strange unusual noise in his wife’s bedroom attracted his attention. On going in he found Mrs Day “in convulsions, and seemingly in hysterical fits.” He asked her what was the matter, and she replied, “I have poisoned myself with poison, which I took from your box on Easter Sunday. ” The unfortunate woman expired almost immediately after making this statement, to which one of Day’s neighbors was a witness. Dr Townond had been sent for, but though he was quickly on the spot, the woman was dead before his arrival. The poison was purchased at Elliot and Co.’s, chemists, by Mr John Day, who said he wanted it to kill rats. The latter stated to the constable that he kept it in a box of which he had the key, and no one but himself could get it unless with a second key. He found a duplicate in the house yesterday. Prison Fake. Michael Davitt, the Irish agitator, gives the following description of his experiences in an English prison:—“ The food in Dartmoor prison,” he says, “I found to be the very worst in quality and the filthiest in cooking of any of the other places I had been in. The quantity of daily rations was the same as in Millbank, with the difference of four ounces of bread more each day and one of meat less in the week. The quality, as I have already remarked, is inferior to any other prison, and from about November to May it is simply execrable, the potatoes being often unfit to eat, and rotton cow carrots occasionally substituted for other food. To find black beetles in soup, ‘ skilly,’ bread, and tea, was quite a common occurrence; and some idea can be formed of how hunger will reconcile a man to look without disgust upon the most filthy objects in nature, when I state as a fact that I have often discovered beetles in my food and have eaten it after throwing them aside, without experiencing much revulsion of feeling at the sight of such loathsome animals in my victuals. Still I ha«j often come in from work weak with fatigue and hunger, and found it impossible to eat the putrid meat or stinking soup supplied me for dinner, and had to return to labor again after ‘ dining’ on six ounces of bad bread. It was quite a common occurrence in Dartmoor for men to be reported and punished for eating candles, boot oil, and other repulsive articles ; and, notwithstanding that a highly offensive smell is purposely given to prison candles to prevent their being eaten instead of burned, men are driven by a system of half-starvation into an animal-like voracity, and anything that a dog would eat is nowise repugnant to their taste. I have seen men eat old poultices found buried in heaps of rubbish I was assisting in carting away, and have seen bits of candle pulled out of the cesspool and eaten.”
More Power to Them. Messrs Austin and Kirk, of Christchurch, have notified Government of their intention to claim the bonus of L 250 offered for the first L 1,500 worth of household pottery made and sold in the colony between given dates.
Distinguished Arrivals. Says an Auckland telegram :—The mail steamer brings Lady Gordon, Miss Gordon and two children, the two Misses and Captain Knollys, and two stowaways, who were given in charge of the police. The case was adjourned to give time for the payment of the passage money. Shakespeare as a Text-book. —The Dunedin Shakespeare Club gave an entertainment on Friday evening in the Rattray street Hall in celebration of the 317th anniversary of the birth of Shakespeare. His Honor Mr Justice Gillies, who presided, in the course of his opening remarks, suggested that a cry for Shakespeare’s works as text-books in our schools would be better than some other cries raised in that connection. The Sweets of Office. —All of the recent Presidents of the United States are said to have saved money. Mr Lincoln is spoken of as having laid by over 50,000d01. Johnson saved 60,000d01. The salary in their time was only 25,000d01, while it is now 50,000d01. Grant is generally supposed to have saved 100,000dol. He only had the increased salary for a part of his term. Mr Hayes is supposed to have lived on 10,000dol a year, which will make his savings lGo,ooodol at the close of his term.