DEATH OF EARL BEACONSFIELD.
(by cable.) London, April 18. Earl Beaconsfield suffered a severe relapse, and died to-night. London, April 10. A bulletin published this morning, with reference to Earl Beaconsfield’s death, states that, after the severe relapse which his Lordship suffered during the night, he sank rapidly, and breathed his last at half-past four this morning. His attendants state that his Lordship passed away without much pain. The news of his death has been received with universal sorrow and regret throughout the country.
We take the following from “ Men of the Time ” :—Beaconsfield (Earl of), the Right Hon. Benjamin Disraeli, K.G., eldest son of the late Isaac Disraeli, Fsq., of Bradenham, Bucks, the celebrated author of the “ Curiosities of Literature,” was born in London, December 21st, 1804, and became an author while yet a minor. In 1825, ho took the novel-read-ing public by surprise with “ Vivian Grey,” followed at intervals by “ The Young Duke,” “ Henrietta Temple,” “ Contarini Fleming,” “ Alroy,” and other brilliant works of imagination. After extensive travels in the East, he returned to England in 1831, and contested the borough of Wycombe, being defeated by a small majority. In 1837, he was elected to the House of Commons for Maidstone, which constituency he exchanged in 1841 for Shrewsbury. In 1847, he was returned for the county of Buckingham, in which his estate of Hughenden Manor was situated, and which he has continued to represent to the present time. He adhered to Sir R, Peel’s party, until that Minister became a convert to the doctrines of free trade, and from that date allied himself closely w r ith the Conservative party, of which he became the acknowledged leader in the House of Commons after the death of Lord George Bcntinck. He was Chancellor of the Exchequer under Lord Derby’s three administrations, and on the resignation of that nobleman in February, 1868, was appointed by the Queen Prime Minister of England, which office he resigned at the end of the year. On the Liberal Government bung defeated on the Irish University Bill, by a majority of three (March 12th, 1873) Mr Gladstone tendered his resignation to Her Majesty ; and the Queen having accepted it, sent for Mr Disraeli, who, however, declined to take office in the circumstances. Mr Gladstone accordingly reconstructed his Cabinet, and remained in office till the commencement of the following year, when, most unexpectedly, after the Parliament had been summoned to meet for the dispatch of business, he rashly resolved on an appeal to the nation. The returns of the general election—the first which occurred under the system of ballot—were completed on February 27th, 1874, and showed a total of 351 Conservatives and 302 Liberals, inclusive of the Home Rulers, whose allegiance to the Liberal cause was by no means to be relied on. Of corpse Mr Gladstone, without daring to meet Parliament, at once resigned, and Mr Disraeli, who succeeded him in the Premiership, formed his Cabinet early in March. Mr Disraeli was elevated to the Peerage by the title of the Earl of Beaconsfield, August 16 th, 1876. Together with the office of First Lord of the Treasury, he held that of Lord President of the Council from August, 1870, till February, 1878. His policy, which was severely criticised at the time with regard to the Eastern Question, 1 resulted in the assembling of the Congress of Berlin, at which the Earl of Beaconsfield and the Marquis of Salisbury assisted as the Plenipotentiaries of Great Britain. It is interesting to know that Lord Beaconsfield went to Berlin at the earnest solicitation of Lord Salisbury, who felt that the Prime Minister, “ speaking as he alone was able to do, with the full mandate of the English people, would produce an effect on the negotiations and the action of the Powers such as no other man c«uld have produced.” The Congress hekl its final sitting on July 13th, 1878, when the Treaty of Berlin was signed by all the Plenipotentiaries. Lords Beaconsfield and Salisbury, on returning to London on the 16th, were met with a most enthusiastic reception at Charing Cross, and were enabled to announce that they had brought back “peace with honor.” On July 22nd, Lord Beaconsfield was invested by the Queen with the Order of the Garter. A few months previously the same honor had been offered to him, but, with Her Majesty’s permission, it was then declined. The policy of the Government which brought about the Treaty of Berlin, and the signing of tire Anglo-Turkish Convention, and the occupation of Cyprus, led to much discussion in Parliament. The Marquis of Hartington moved in the House of Commons a resolution directed against that policy, and after a debate of four nights the action of the Government was supported by the overwhelming majority of 143, there being 105 votes for the resolution and 338 against it (August 2nd, 1878), The day after this decisive political victory had been achieved the Earl of Beaconsfield and the Marquis of Salisbury were presented with the freedom of the City of London, and subsequently entertained at a grand banquet at the Mansion House. Lord Beaconsfield is an honorary D. C. L. of Oxford and Edinburgh, a Privy Councillor, a Trustee of the British Museum, a Governor of Wellington College, an Elder Brother of the Trinity House, a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery, and a DeputyLieutenant for Bucks, and was a Royal Commissioner of the Groat Exhibition of 1851. He was installed Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, November 19th, 1873, and re-elected to that office in November, 1874. Among his publications since his entrance on political life are “ Coningsby,” “Sybil,” “Tancred,” works curiously compounded of politics and fiction; “ A Vindication of the English Constitution,” “ A Biography of Lord G. Bentinck,” and “ Lothair,” a novel. 1870. An early poetical work, entitled “ A Revolutionary Epic,” was re-published in 1864. He married in 1830 Mary Anne, only daughter of the late John Evans, Esq., of Branceford Park, Devon, and widow of Wyndliam Lewis, Esq., M.P. In acknowledgment of her husband’s official services Mrs Disraeli was raised to the Peerage of the United Kingdom as Viscountess Beaconsfield November 28th, 1868. She died December 15th, 1872, aged eighty-throe. The Earl was, it will be seen, in his seventy-seventh year. But little remains to add to the above biography. Lord Beaconsfield re-appeared as an author lately, and hia book is at present the leading topic among literary men.
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DEATH OF EARL BEACONSFIELD., Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 323, 20 April 1881
DEATH OF EARL BEACONSFIELD. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 323, 20 April 1881
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