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[Per s.s. Australia, at Auckland.] GENERAL SUMMARY. The University boat race takes place on April 8. The Waterloo Cup lias been won by Princess Dagmar. Constable, the noted jockey, is dead.

A cartridge manufactory, with American machinery, turning out 300,000 cartridges per day, has just been put into operation at Constantinople. A collapse in the silver market in London on March 8 was produced by the announcement that tine India Office wou’d offer the following day L 50,000 more than the usual amount in Council bills. ’ ■.■

Le Printeps, a great drapery establishment on the Boulevard Haussman, has been burned and several lives lost. The total loss to the insurance companies is 7,000,000 francs. Twenty-six persons were injured during the fire. Whole villages in Posen, Prussia Proper, and Schleswig are represented as deserted, the residents having emigrated to America. The Government is doing all in its power to check emigration agents from the United States, but in vain.

The Boers, by order of Joubert, have dispossessed all the inhabitants of Utrecht loyal to the British, and ordered their homesteads to be burned.

Queen Caroline, the widow of King Christian XIII. of Sweden, is dead. Portugal has adopted the Marquez treaty with England, which gives the latter country the right of way for military and commercial purposes, but makes no concession of territory.

It is reported that the oldest private bank in Marseilles has suspended payment.

An attempt to hold a Homo Hide meeting at Coventry, under the auspices of Messrs Arthur O’Connor and Finigan, led to a free fight. The Liugards are engaged at Baldwin’s Theatre, San Francisco. The trial of Isaac Kalloch for shooting Charles De Young is now in its thritysovcnth day. The testimony is conflict-

mg. President Garfield’s inauguration, notwithstanding the stormy weather, was a brilliant affair. Nearly 60,000 people were massed in front of the capitol at Washington, and, the address is pronounced on© of the most careful and statesmanlike documents ever delivered there. General W. S. Hancock, the defeated democratic candidate, was present at the head of his brilliant staff, and bv the attentions paid him, seemed to divide the honors of the day with his successful rival. A terrible blow up of an explosive manufactory occurred at West Berkley, near San Francisco, on March 4th. The buildings were reduced to kindling wood, and three Chinamen and two whitemen were torn to pieces. Tlie Assembly of the State of Maine has indefinitely postponed the resolution expressing sympathy with the people of Ireland. A committee of New York residents with Dutch ancestry, formed to assist the Boers in the Transvaal, has disbanded, finding no sympathy or encouragement. The Porto has ordered 30,000,000 cartridges from the United States, to be delivered in three months from February. Many of the sugar plantations of Honolulu are mortgaged, and some of them will go to the wall. The Chinese are already maturing plans for , the purchase of these estates, and a Chinese landed proprietory is not an unlikely possibility of the future. The Catholic Orphanage at Hyde Park, Scrunton, Pa., was burned, and seventeen children were lost, fourteen boys and three girls. The Chinese have been refused naturalisation as American citizens in the United States Circuit Court. The action of the Court has been denounced by the press. An immense corporation has been organised in St Louis, the purpose of which is to forward grain in bulk and all kinds of produce and merchandise from St. Louis to Liverpool and other foreign ports. The State of Deleware has passed prohibitory liquor law. W. D. Howell, editor of the Atlantic Monthly, has been offered the post of Minister tp Switzerland. Politicians complain of the President’s partiality for literary men. General Grant positively refused an invitation to attend the Garfield inauguration at Washington on the 4th of March. Lieut. Schawtka, U.S.N., has offered to place at the disposal of H. M. Government the Franklyn relics recently discover ed. Mr Beecher has cancelled all lecture engagements, and will devote himself exclusively to church duties in future. His , congregation has become dissatisfied, and an effort was being made to compel his resignation as pastor.'

Reports from Rome state that a terrible earthquake took place at Cuscamaccai, Uland of Ischia, on Friday, March 4th. The first shock occurred at 1.30 in the afternoon, and the second an hour later. The whole of the upper part of the town is destroyed, and two thermal establishments seriously damaged. The probable loss of life will reach 300, and the damage to houses and property will amount to 100,000 francs. Further details say that 300 detached limbs and fragments of bodies were dug from the ruins. An incident is recorded of a handkerchief fluttering from an upper storey of a building, on seeing which, Colonel Parodio mounted a ladder and entering the window, reappeared with a woman unhurt, but insane.

Steps are being taken by the New York Municipal Council to put a stop to walking matches in the city, several having been denounced as frauds.

The policy of educating the young Indians instead of fighting the old ones, is now proposed to the United States Government.

A case of poisoning from eating canned salmon occurred in Chicago, ended fatally. Corrosion of the can caused the poisoning. Cholera is raging in Chicago, and is attributed to the general use of butterine or oleomargeriuo. On the return from England of Edward Hanlan, the champion oarsman, he was the guest of the Atlanta Boat Club at New York. On March 3rd, a dinner was given in his honor, at which Major Grace, the Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, and other distinguished persons were present. A 50,000 dollar relief fund for Michael Davitt has been started in San Francisco. Contributions are limited to 25 cents.

The steam whaler Mary and Helen has been purchased by the United States Government, and will be fitted to go out in search of the missing Arctic exploring vessel Jeannette.

Henry Genet, one of the old New York Tweed ring, has been convicted and sentenced to the penitentiary for six months, also to pay a fine of 9,604 dollars. The International “ Tramp ” in New York came to an end on March 12th. O’Leary retired with 450 miles, and Faughan withdrew when he had completed 461 miles. The affair was almost neglected by the public. The world’s fair, which was to bo held in New York in 1883, will probably be abandoned, as no subscriptions are coining in.

The Hawaiian Islands are being de

vastated by small pox, recently imported in the brig Cassandra from Canton. The white inhabitants are flying in dismay. The roads and paths leading out of Honolulu are closely guarded, but the mail steamers will not take anything on board except the mails, remaining outside the reef to receive them. Mongolians are arriving in large numbers, and appropriating the native women, and the affaire of the island are far from satisfactory. The Archbishop of Dublin assails the Land League in his Lenten pastoral, and also the ladies who are associated in the movement. The ladies intend to reply. Lord Beaconsfield offered to cancel his “ Endymion” contract with Messrs Longman, and instead of LIO,OOO to fake half of the profits. The offer was declined. Tholossis now L 3,000, but this is expected to be made up by the cheap edition. Lord Derby denies that he is to enter the Ministry. Mahomet Jan, the Afghan loader, has been murdered. It is rumored in Paris that Herbert Yon Bismarck, sonof the Chancellor, has eloped to Italy with a German Princess, the wife of a high dignitary at the court of Berlin. Mr Ashmead Bartlett, the husbaiid of Baroness Burdctt Couts, is threatened with a breach of promise suit. Mr Eaton (conservative) has been elected to Parliament for Coventry. A Fenian lodge has been discovered in Lancashire, and arms were found secreted. In the Lenten pastoral issued by the Irish Catholic bishops the people are earnestly warned againt forming illegal secret combinations. The strongest sympathy is expressed for their trials. Edmund Yates is about to start a new daily afternoon newspaper in London. Lord Odo Russell has been raised to the peerage with the title of Baron Empthill. American smuggling vessels, chiefly from San Francisco, have become so numerous on the coast of Eastern Siberia, that the Governor-General asks for a Russian Naval force to suppress them. President Garfield’s inaugural address was telegraphed verbatim to the London press, and produced an exultant impression, Both English and Americans alike admired it for its style and wise moderation of tone. The journals praise liberally the new President’s political good sense, and augur a prosperous administration. The French Government has embargoed at Dunkirk the munitions of war intended for Greece.

General Ney, Due De Elchinger, grandson of Mashal Ney, committed suicide at Ghatillon by shooting himself through the head.

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NEWS BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 311, 5 April 1881

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NEWS BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 311, 5 April 1881

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