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The Ashburton Guardian. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1881.

TOWN EDITION. [lssued at 5 p. m. ]

A Quartz Reef.— While a party of prospectors were out prospecting the Terawhiti district they came upon ah outcrop of what appears to be an extensive reef of quartz. Dr. Hector visited the spot, and a few specimens were brought to town. He estimates that the stone will turn diit 3iozs. to the ton. Drunks. —Cue drunk on Saturday was let off with a caution by Mr. Nugent Wood, and another was fined ss. To-day the Mayor dealt with two in the usual manner—fine or imprisonment, according to the case—and remanded a man accused of wilful destruction of property till tomorrow, when he will appear before Mr. Nugent Wood, R.M. To Correspondents. —“ J. 8.”, Methven>; The needle gun was; not used at the battle you mention,; as you will easily see when we state that the weapon did not come into common use until after 1864 It was.inyented by Herr von Dreyse, of Sommerda in 1841, but it was _ neglected till. Frederick William IV. took it in hand Since 1866 it has been, and we believe stil is- the popular arm of the German' nation. They certainly used it first. The Central Hotel. —The Central Hotel, which has for a length of time been conducted by Mr. Joseph Baldwin, has changed hands, and was opened last week by the new proprietor, Mr. Sam. Brown, late of Wakanui. Mr. Brown is well known in the and his good name will bring its own reward. He knows that “ good wine needs no bush,” and believing in the saying means to act upon it, so that his patrons may always depend upon a good thing at the bar and a warm welcome.

St. Valentine’s Day. —To-day is the great anniversary of love-tokens, and the postman has had as much as he could well handle in the shape of valentines. There was such a glut of missives bearing even outside evidence of their internal nature that the sorting of the mail this morning was considerably delayed. Wc have not heard, however, that many of the valentines have - been posted without stamps. We remember some years ago, at Home, the custom of posting valentines without stamps had become such a nuisance to the Post Office officials (who always failed to recover the twopeuces), that it was found advisable to issue an order requiring all inland correspondence to be prepaid. The order was issued just before the coming of the annual valentine madness, and there were a good few people saved the trouble of refusing letters, the reading of which might not have been pleasant—anyhow many a witling carried to the post office a joke that was nipped in the bud and miscarried through the action of this wise order. The Weather. —The Clerk of the weather has evidently taken a holiday, and in his haste to get away has forgot to close the furnace door. Yesterday at noon the thermometer in the sun stood at just under. 120degs,, and 94degs, in the shade. To-day, in our coldest room, it stood at 84degs. at two o’clock. Ten minutes in the hot sun ran it up to lOOdegs. People generally are taking most unkindly to work to-day, and if a general weighing up were to be indulged in, we feel certain that an agency more immediate and direct in its effects than “Anti-fat” would be found to have been busy. One obese gentleman avers that since Saturday night he has shed fully a Dutch stone of his superfluous fat. A nor’wester that the barometer has been uneasy about for some time has at last come, but it is only a trifle as yet to what we have known in this dis-, trict, where the winds gently whisper to us in a dusty language that fills eyes, ears, and mouth, and impels a reply which is not the soft breathing of love. Several of our cifci?epa aro seriously considering wimthpr o* i»Ut wflj be necessary bo ifirodiice the Indian punkah— ip church.

— A largely attended meeting farmers of the Southland district'; 1 wasvheld in Sloans Hall, Invercargill, •on Saturday to inaugurate a Farmers’ Co-operative Association for the disposal of farm produce. A provisional'directory was nominated ard a secretaiyi appointed. The enterprise may he saidAo have been’fairly started.

Fire in Auckland. —A fire broke out in Messrs. J. W. Carr and Son’s premises, Custom House street West, Auckland, on Saturday night. The top storey was used by' Mr. Carr for boat building, and the lower storey was- leased as a blacksmith’s shop to Messrs. Clever ard Bennett. The premises were destroyed. Carr’s loss is L2OO, uninsured. Clever and Benvieft lose all their tools and stock-in-trade, and are also uninsured. A Wheelbarrow Race. —ln December last, in-San Francisco, a wheelbarrow race came off.. The time allowed was six days and six nights, and the competitors were two men and a woman. The woman homed second and won 200 dollars. Her name is Amy Howard, and she has made some good time in her day as a pedestrian. Her most famous record is 409 miles in six days, which she did in San France co city, Re-Opened. —For some time there h\s been so much sickness in Mr. Tasker’s family that it was found absolutely necessary for him to close his butcher’s shop, and for several weeks his shutters were i a It gives us pleasure to note that he himself and all his family have sufficiency recovered to enable the business to no again resumed. We welcome him back o health and work, and commend him o his old customers, who will be wairad upon to-morrow as usual Tinwald School.— At last meeting f the Tinwald School Committee, it was : o-

solved to give the children attending too school a treat during the holidays. N<- ct Wednesday; the 16th inst., the child; m will assemble at the school at about 12 : r 1 o’clock, when a few friends will nu-et them and engage them in sports and games daring the afternoon. The committee have procured a lot of articles to be contended for by the little ones in races. Towards evening they will ha re tea in the schoolroom, after which tr.e school examination prizes will be distributed by Mr. Clark, assisted by a few other friends.

Female Barbers. —There are th?oe female barbers doing business in .'an Francisco. On this subject, “ Silverpc i ” the chatty correspondent of the Auckk id Herald says : —ln an interview I had sene time ago with the first feminine shaver who ever set up in the town, she informed me that East the business is a regular one among the fair sex, and a profitable one. I believe she is a first-rate hand herself, but she says the trouble is women won’t “stick to their trade.” They shave until they fall in love with some one, and then they throw it up. However, I don’t why it should not be encouraged, as there are too many girls unemployed, ami it would at any rate keep them out of mischief, i.c., if anything has such a power over feeble woman.

Mr. Plimsoll and the Miners.—Mr. Plimsoll suggests that fire-damp should be withdrawn from the mines by pipes, just as the water is pumped up from the sump. He would make a sump for gas in the highest part ot the roof, and then allow the gas to escape from the workings up a vertical tube to , the sump, whence it would be pumped to the surface and employed for lighting the village. Mr. Plimsoll thinks that such a plan would give absolute and immediate control to the manager of a pit over any gases which might be lurking in the recesses of the mine ; and he suggests that if his remedy is found useless, some scientific or philanthropise body should offer a premium of L 20,000 for the discovery of a means of entirely preventing coal-mine explosions. M. Somz4e, a Belgian Engineer, proposes to utilise the safety-lamp for revealing the presence of fire-damp in collieries. It is well known that the flame of the lamp elongates and acquires a higher calorific power when in air which contains light carburetted hydrogen,, or marsh gas. A piece of metal is so placed as to bo elongated by the .flame;' this produces electric contact, and causes a bell to ring. Plague of Rats. The Edinburgh correspondent of the .Of ago. Daily Times says :—Sensational accounts come from Mary hill, a suburb of Glasgow, regarding an invasion of rats under which the former place is suffering. It is stated that they have suddenly swarmed into the town in thousands, filling shops, warehouses, and dwellings alike, and driving the inhabitants well-nigh frantic. A sudden demand for rat poison has enriched the local chemists, but they are the only gainers. One tradesman,, under the pressure of a loathsome necessity, is reported to have invented a machine for capturing and killing the hated creatures, and by means of it has disposed of 13G in his shop within a fortnight, or at the rate of about 10 each day. ; It is a pity that no particulars regarding so useful an invention have, been made public. The rats have also been seen swimming down the Kelvin on their way to Glasgow, while many more have travelled by land. It is believed the severe frosts in the early half of November, and the very stormy weather which followed, have caused the rats to swarm in from the country districts. In Edinburgh I hear that rats are becoming so numerous in some .quarters as to be not only a source of disquiet, but of no small loss to house-owners, as the fact that rats are in a house causes tenants to leave, and deters others from taking their place. It is evident that rat extirpation presents : a promising field to a man of inventive genius. Defeat of the Australians at Wanganui.—The match between the Australian players and twenty-two of Wanganui was finished on Saturday evening, and resulted in a victory for Wanganui by a run and ten wickets to fall. The apparent declension of the Australians in their play with Nelson and Wanganui has taken everybody by surprise, and it is so difficult to account for that most people are inclined to look upon it with something like suspicion, and refuse to allow that the Eleven have met anything like their match at either of these two places. The almost beating at Nelson may be accounted for by the fact that play was begun an hour . after the Australians had landed from a sea voyage, : and that they were therefore in bad playing trim. They could scarcely blame the ground, f«r the Nelson Victory Square is an excellent piece of turf. At Wanganui, however, cricket is played under some disadvantages, for the. ground is none of the best. The Wellington ground is worse still, but the Australians were victorious there. At Wanganui, however, it has to be remembered that the Australians played a man short, and the want of Blackham would bo especially felt. At alt events the great players have been beaten, and, notwithstanding: the “ glorious uncertainty” of the noblest game on earth, the Wanganui and Nelson players must be unreservedly allowed the honor of breaking into what appeared likely to be a triumphant march from the Dan to the Beersheba of New Zealand, and giving the Australians another reason for coming back to New Zealand to wipe ; off the memory of a defeat. Mr. Murdoch, at the Christchurch banquet, said the defeat given him by the Christchurch players on the occasion of his last visit had rankled in his heart, and he had resolved to hit hard, and give them a proper beating this . time. He did hit hard, and he did give a proper beating ; but we question if he expected to meet other two “ ranklers ” in such out of-the-way and humble places a? Nelson fnd Wanganui.

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The Ashburton Guardian. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1881., Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 268, 14 February 1881

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The Ashburton Guardian. MONDAY, FEBRUARY 14, 1881. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 268, 14 February 1881

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