NEWS BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL.
Auckland, Yesterday. The P.M.S.S. Zoalaudia arrived this afternoon, having loft San Francisco on January 18th. She brings the following SUMMARY OF NEWS. In the Queen’sspeoch her Majesty says ; —Trade is gradually improving, and an abundant harvest has greatly decreased the distress in Ireland, but I grieve to state that the social condition of Ireland lias assumed an alarming character, and agarian ciimes in general have multiplied. Attempts upon life have not grown in the same proportion for the same offence, but I must add that efforts are being made for iiorsonal protection far beyond all former precedent by the police under direction of the Executive. I have to notice other e-fils yet more widely spread. The administration .of justice has been threatened with respect to these offences.
Through the impossibility of procuring evidence an extended system of terror has thus been established in various parts of the country, which has paralysed almost alike the exercise of private rights and the performance of civil duties. This state of things is new in some important respects, and hence, with little available guidance from former precedents, I have deemed it right to put in use the ordinary powers of the law before making any further demand. But a demonstration of their insufficiency, amply supplied by the present circumstances of the country, leads me now to apprise you that proposals will be immediately submitted to you for intrusting me with additional powers, necessary in my judgment, not only for the vindication of order and public law, but likewise to secure on behalf of my subjects protection for life and property and personal liberty of action. I object to the primary and imperious obligations to which I have just referred. 1 continue to desire not less than heretofore to prosecute the removal of grievances and the work of legislative improvement in Ireland as in Great Britain. The Irish Land Act of 1870 has been productive of great benefits, and has much contributed to the security and
comparative well-being of occupiers of the soil, without diminishing its value or disturbing the foundation of property. In some respects, however, and more particularly under the strain of a recent and most calamitous year, the protection which it supplied has not been found sufficient either in Ulster or the other provinces. I recommend you to undertake further development of its principles in a manner conformable to the special wants of Ireland. As regards the relation of landlords and tenants, and with a view to effective efforts for giving to a large portion of the people by purchase a permanent proprietary interest in the soil, this legislation will require the removal, for the purposes in view, of all obstacles arising out of limitations on ownerships of property, with due provision for the security of the interests involved. A measure will be submitted to you for the establishment of a County Government in Ireland, founded upon representative principles, and framed with the double aim of abridging the unpopular control over expenditure and of supplying the yet more serious want of extending the formation of habits of local self-government. Her Majesty alluded to different matters of English domestic policy which will be laid before Parliament, and concluded with the benediction and commendation of her people to Divine care. 1 A despatch of the 15th instant says the Parnellites had an open rupture ,ip the House of Commons the night before the, debate came on. Mr. Justin McCarthy, in a bitter speech, accused the - Irish members of delaying the remedial measures. Mr. Parnell answered, charging Mr. Gladstone with misrepresenting the Irish members. He said that he believed the Irish people would justify the shedding of their blood to secure their liberty if they saw a chance of success. He denied having encouraged an armed insurrection, because England was too strong. The Government could not suppress the Land League, because if the leaders were imprisoned the people would organise secret societies, and murder and outrage would be increased tenfold. If the Habeas Corpus Act was suspended the arrest of the first man would be the signal "for a general refusal to pay rents. Another despatch, of the above date, says the following is the outline of the Government Irish °Land Bill, which may, however, undergo modification before presentment: —The surplus fund of the Irish Church will be devoted, first, to the reclamation of waste lands ; second, to assist migration from overcrowded districts ; third, according to a carefully drawn scheme, to assist emigration. The measure will also include “ three f’s,” guarded by a restrictive provision necessary for the practical working of the measure. With respect to the Coercion Bill, it is stated that the Government contemplates the creation of a Commission of two Judges, with power in certain cases to supersede the ordinary judicial tribunal. General disarmament will also be passed.
In Ireland, since January Ist, the authorities are exerting themselves to maintain order and enforce the laws. Many persons are being arrested for “ Boycotting,” and “ Bulldozing ” people into joining the Land Leaguers, and other offences. Flying columns patrol disaffected districts, and troops and constabulary are being quietly concentrated where they can be called upon at short notice. The anti-land league sentiment is being fostered by the Government, and considerable progress has been made in the formation of an association to combat the leaguers. The Orangemen are particularly active, and are making arrangements to take care of persons suffering from Boycottiam. The London Times says that it is informed that the Pope has written a letter to the Bishop of Dublin, strongly condemning the method in which the agitation in Ireland is conducted, and that very emphatic instructions"- have been issued to the Catholic prelates, enjoining them to make a stand against the anarchial and Communist doctrines which have been preached and put in practice. The Post Office Department is ready to establish the telephone service throughout England, and has ordered 20,000 instruments for use.
All prisoners for debt in Scotland were released under an Act of parliament on January Ist. Hanlan and Rosa on January Ist issued a challenge to any two oarsmen in the world for a double skull race for LSOO to LI,OOO a side, the race to come off early in the season.
The Jewish crusade still continues, especially in the larger towns, and notwithstanding that the respectable press is almost unanious against the feeling, many Jews of Berlin and other places are prepared to emigrate. The Albanian League has summoned all males over eighteen years to arms in every northern district in Albania. The Albanians demand Dulcigno, and if Montenegro does not give it up, they propose to declare war. The financial administration of the Government is entirely in the hands of the military men, and all the available resources of. the, country are devoted to warlike preparations.
Four new steamers ordered by the Chinese merchants ’for service between China and San Francisco will be ready next July, and in August a weekly line will be established between China and the United States.
The Emperor has authorised the construction of 1,200 miles of telegraph, line in the province of Tientsin. The insurgents’ governing committee issued a proclamation defending their actions and offering pardons to all ap-
ponents. They agree to retain their present office, also to admit a British Consul and to indemnfy Great Britain for the expenditure in the Transvaal. The Boers lost 100 killed and wounded before Potohefstroom, which was defended for forty-eight hours by Major Clark and twenty-five men, who were compelled to surrender. The Cape authorities at last accounts were rapidly concentrating all their available forces in the Transvaal.
Copious rains have fallen in California, Oregon, and Washington, and the promise of the crops of all kinds, particularly wheat, is more than good. The Mormons are uneasy at the attitude of the President, and have organised •a lobby at Washington to guard their interests. George R. Cannon, their delegate to Congress, was refused his certificate of election by the Governor of the - territory, on the ground that Cannon was a polygamist. .• Mark Twain, the famous humorist, has gone crazy. The population of the United States is unofficially given at 50,152,559. The House Committee on Post Offices is preparing a Bill to appropriate L 1,500,000 for carrying foreign mails on ocean routes during the coming year. The Australian line is to be included irt the subsidy if Congress passes the Bill. Post-master-General Macnard favors the Bill, and President-elect General Garfield is thought to be favorably disposed towards it.
Jay Gould, the America railroad operator, last month, by purchase of a lease, obtained control of 2,479 miles of road, which makes him the controller of 9,649 miles of railroad, employing hundreds of millions capital. Very cold weather is being experienced in the Mississipi River Valley and along the Atlantic seaboard. In the Southern States it was the coldest ever known, in some places 12 and 15 degrees below zero. During the first week in January heavy avalanches of snow have fallen in the town of Alta, Utah, almost destroying the place and killing over twenty persons. Tile stage running between Fort Gumming and Messila, New Nexico, was attacked by Indians on the 11th January, and the driver and threee passengers murdered.
The American barque F. M. Carlow is loading at New York for Dunedin- and Wellington, and will probably clear on January 18th. The British barque Orient, for Lyttelton and Auckland, will probably clear on February Bth. At Boston, the Peruvian barque Fray Beutos is loading for Dunedin and Lyttelton, and will probably clear on Tanuary 11th. The British barque Sarah Scott, for Adelaide and Dunedin, will probably clear on February 3rd. Indians are raiding in the state of Chihuahua. On December 23rd they killed eleven persons. The struggle in Parliament over the Canada Pacific railroad contract still continues, and the Opposition have been so bitter that a syndicate of foreign capitalists have been obliged to somewhat modify their original plan, but the essential details as to price are the same as heretofore telegraphed. The Toronto Globe of the 17th says : —** Since the formation of the new syndicate 10,000,000 dols. have been subscribed in England for the Canadian Pacific raiiroad, and it is now certain that the whole amount of the capital for the construction of the road can be obtained. The plan has been somewhat modified, owing to the hostility of the Opposition.”
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NEWS BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL., Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 265, 10 February 1881
NEWS BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 265, 10 February 1881
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