THE DEERING HARVERSTER.
... In our age of competition the man who . docs not take advantage of the progress /tinkle by machifieiy towards the saving of ; foe> left? behind in the race and become a loser. is this, fact Jin own the farmer, who every day of Sis life hei; it very nose.. T’he new-har vaster^/that come out every year—and ever/year brings an improvement on the harvester of its predecessor —show that manufacturers are steadily progressing towards the point at which lafjor is,reduced tp .its minimum in connection with reapirigthe crops, and the DeerJpg 1 arid" other twine binders area proof of what we say. ' To-day we witnessed a 'triftt of DBe'of- thßm on a field of oats belonging to Mr. Donald Williamson. The crop was an even one in the main, but near the margin, the land being light and dry, >the oats wete short and irregular. ’A' depression here and there,, too,, in the ground helped to test itho regularity of the' machine’s working. The machine,. wljeh was. a five-feet-cut was quite new,'and came on the ground in all the glory of paint, which the Yankees' know so well how to touch up their machinery with, and for a turn or two it worked a little stiffly. - Some' trouble was, encountered also..with .the twine knife/ which’ Soto? too inquisitive and incautipu?. tamperer had been trying the temper of; tvhile the machine lay all night On.the railway reserve. However, only a delky Occurred, and in a short time after starting the proper tension, height of cut, and tightness of band was secured, andithh/piddock of oats soon became studded with hearty-looking and well-bound sheaves. The machine was, drawn by two of Mr. Williamson’s horses, which seemed to' pull without any ap-; parent effort, a fact - that, counts in Its favor as lightness, of draught is a great desideratum. Mr. Allah, the expert from the Deering factory was also present, but .after'the first turn his occupation was gone. We need not go into into a very detailed description of the machine,* as most people know what the twine binders are like, but there may be sOine of our readers who have not seen the Deering, Vand ■ for -their benefit we may say , regarding _ % Before- we go further wo may just state that the machine is so arranged that the driver , from his seat has complete control over it, and can so'.'regulate 'its cutting that by touching a lever just at his hand he can avoid any awkwardness--when p. patch of very short straw is Encountered in an otherwise tall cropland, with attention to what he is doing, he can very easily turn. Out every sheaf'squarely cut at the butt,’ and neter miss IP) straw. The isolation of the main wheel sets all the parts of the machine in motioii. From this main wheel the platform extends to .a., stpallcf running .wheel, and in front : 6f the'platfbfimi are.bf course the knives. These s: iwO very finely, sedated, apd thus constancy sharpening is avoided. ‘ They‘are of’ angle shape, and 1 rurtM a skit, 1 being protected from in jury from stones by a series, of spikes. They are workhd B>Jr* air landless band near- by * them. The arms revolve just over the knives and send tKi crop on to the platform, from which if ia taken by .an. endless canvas that covorslti whole surface, Over the drum above, from which it .is delivered with the eprs ■ lying • all one way n .Here-it ,liep until if has accumulated hefficiently to form a sheaf. From a box at the back of the machine an end from a coil of string is drawn. This end is passed through a claw much like a bird’s beak in shapo/and’ is held there while th© sheaf is forming. Just; as the shepf has been formed, on, the line a peedle of a suitable size and construction passes round ‘the sheaf arid* in conjunction with tfift n aforesaid beak ’’ ties a knot so firmly and securely ' .that it,is .very difficult, indeed, to take it adrift. As the beak and, needle part, a knife cuts the string/ the arms that have up to this point been embracing the sheaf let go, ra . trap-door falls down, and the sheaf “slithers” gently to the ground. The steadiness with which the machine * iworked t6-day, and has worked in other similar trials in the neighbourhood this season, proves its success, and how useful it will? he >to: the general farmer with no special knowledge of such machines. ‘; Once fairly l in gear, and worked with some care and attention, .an ordinary; 1 driver will’ be able to take, on our level lands, fifteen or twenty acres a day of reaping out of one machine. The twine used was manilla — irappr-ted-rhut we hope to be able soon to say that* there is plenty of suitable twine to be had that lias been manufactured in the colony, The Deering at 1 work to-day was from the stock of Messrs.: Friedlander, and the price ,of it is about L 75.
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