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Alford Forest.

> {From, our own Correspondents) A lecture on behalf of the Presbyterian Church Funds was given in , the Afford Forest Main School, by the Rev. B. J. "Westbrooke, on Tuesday evening. The subject chosefa was “ The 1 Canterbury Plains.” In opening, the lecturer said he would rather call it a “ chat ” than a lecture,” as he intended treating the matter a familiar, homely manner. The original state of the globe was than of an immense molten mass, which, on cooling, took its present shape of picturesque mountain, vale and plain, and the comparison with .the skin of a dried apple was almost exact, the highest mountain range being no .larger in comparison with tlie earth’s surface than the ridges .formed by, evaportion of' moisture from the apple. Further, supposing the depth of the ocean to be 30,000 ft., this would be well represented by the thickness of the shell pf a goose-egg inepnj unotionvtith itsbulk.. After drawing attention to the. marvellous discoveries of. the telescope and microscope, whereby former unseen world’s could be brought into view from regions of space, and unimagined. worlds discovered in mere atoms of matter, the lecturer reminded the, audience that before they could understand, they must remember that the climate.!of England and New Zealand was formerly vastly different, and that the Canterbury Plains were deposited by glaciers’ formed during the ice age, l (illustrating the cause of plimat jc,difference, oh* 4h&j»-black-bdard).s «■ These' immense glaciers*were formed of ice, stones, and earth,' and were set in motion by gravitation and the pressure of accumulated snow, ’aided' by moisture, from which the Whole mass moved slowly downwards until deposited in a lake of sea-water—- ■ the©a^tfetb r bbundafy of wliiohhvaS a faiige’,' of'mbnhtauis "formerly Existing," pf which the only remnant is Banks’ Peninsula., This range had been removed by volcanic agency, which had also tiltCfltlpwards the plains. The irregular masses deppsited>ip shallow water, and 'churned by the continued action of wave and current, had become rounded in shape, and. hence the vast number of smooth 1 * stone’s commonly/, -niet . hvith. Ariother effect of the glacier period..was that in sliding, downwards the grinding motion and moisture together caused a ooze or mud to exude, which running down and-.Settling;'in' extensive beds, became the finest wheat producing land in Canterbury. To show that continuous action wSS still taking place, he mentioned the fact that an earthquake taking place in 1855 the Rivef HAdt was unaffected'by , the tides, to the ..extent of five .miles dess than formerly, whereas the Wa roa river, on the opposite coast, was influenced in a directly contrary manner. Generally speaking, geologists said C mountains tpere formed of the plains, ’ but in this instance, the plains were formed entirely “ of the mountains.” Before concluding,"! the lecturer entered jfully ijito the causes of the nbr’-westers and tho' mirage, so often exMr. H. Wright, as chairman, in moving a vote 1 of 'thanks, which - wds’seconded by’■ Mr..! A» " M'Fstrlane/- ;said that Mount Hutt had hitherto beep considered the magnetic-point for this district, but in this instance Alford Forest hack decidedly the best of it, as, in spite of very unfavorable weather, a large number had ,' attended, andhpd evidently been rgreatly interested. The vote of thanks being heartily given, the doxology was sung, and terminated.

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Bibliographic details

Alford Forest., Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 236, 7 January 1881

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Alford Forest. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 236, 7 January 1881