Affairs in Ireland.
[Per s.s. Tararua, at the Bluff] London', Nov. 8. At a meeting, which was being addressed by Mr. Parnell at Athlone, the platform had been sawn through, and collapsed with the crowd upon it.
Mr. Gladstone delivered an important address on the political situation at the Lord Mayor’s banquet in the Guildhall last evening, in response to the toast of Her Majesty’s Ministers. Dealing with the condition of affairs in Ireland, he stated that the circumstances of that country were such as to cause the most serious anxiety to the Government. He attributed, the agitation that had arisen to the undeniable evils of the existing land system, and expressed his conviction that the Irish land laws required amendment in the direction of giving greater security of tenure to the tenants. He viewed with great regret the grave excesses into which some of the people had been led, and stated that the Government were determined to uphold order and preserve the peace, and that they would not shrink from coercive measures if necessary to secure this end. He indicated that the Government had under consideration measures which would remedy the grievances of which Ireland complained, and that they would be submitted to Parliament during the coming season. Nov. 11.
The Times demands the suspension of the Habeas Corpus Act in Ireland, with a view of more effectually dealing with the present agitation. The American j ournals, with the exception of a few of the Democratic papers, condemn the action of Mr. Parnell in connection with the agitation in Ireland.
The demand for Sir Charles Gavan Duffy’s historical work entitled ‘'Young Ireland ’’has been so great that a second edition was immediately issued. The authorities in Ireland fear that serious collisions will occur at Ballinrobe, County Mayo, between the sympathisers with the evicted tenantry and the Orange expedition which is coming to assist some of the threatened persons. The troops in the district have been strongly reinforced, and there are now 1000 soldiers encamped at the place. Earl Kenmare, a prominent Irish nobleman, who has extensive estates in the County Kerry, has received threatening letters, in which his life is declared to be in danger. Mr. Parnell, M.P. for Cork, the leader of the Home Ilulers, is making a stumping tour through Ulster, and is delivering inflammatory addresses to the peasantry. Great excitement prevails in County Mayo, and tire people are flocking in large numbers to Lough Mask, a small village on the lake of that name, situated within a few miles of Ballinrobe. It is freely stated that any exhibition of Orangemen will bo attacked, and a conflict is considered to be imminent. The force of military in the neighbourhood is considered sufficient to prevent any serious disturbance. Nov. 12. The expedition of Orangemen from Ulster, despatched to assist the threatened land owners in Mayo, has arrived at Lough Mask, and encamped there. Precautions are being taken against any sudden attack. The Orangemen have so far been unmolested, but large numbers of the peasantry have assembled in the vicinity. The military are on the alert to prevent any collision. A national manifesto has been issued by the Irish Land League calling upon the people to be Ann in tbeir passive resistance to the tyranny of the landlords, but to refrain from overt acts of agression, which would enable the British Government, by a display of military power, to crush the national movement. The command given in the manifesto is—Lot the British display their despotism unheeded.” An application has been made to the Court of Queen’s Bench on behalf of Mr. Parnell and others against whom proceedings have been instituted for conspiracy and sedition, to require the Crown to specify the exact nature of the charges brought against them. The judges, after hearing [arguments, granted the applications, and have made an order accordingly. Nov. 13. Another murderous outrage has taken place in Ireland. Mr. Wheeler, the agent of an absentee landlord in the vicinity of Limerick, am] whose life had been threatened on several occasions in consequence of his carrying out evictions, has been shot dead. The murder is undoubtedly due to the agrarian agitation. Nov. 15. The state of affairs in the west of Ireland still causes grave anxiety. Tne interference of the Orangemen, who seek to protect the landlords, and the coercion brought to heap by the authorities, have engendered the bitterest feelings amongst the peasantry. The land leaguers have issued a manifesto and threaten reprisal in the event ■of any of their members being harrassed or evicted from their holdings. Nov. 46. The Irish peasants are having recourse to various devices in order to harrass the landlords. In the County Cork the landed proprietors have been subjected to many petty as well as serious annoyances. In several districts fox covers have been poisoned, and the animals destroyed.
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