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The Ashburton Guardian. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1880.

TOWN EDITION. [lssued at 5 p.m.]

Civil Cases. —The only cases heard before the R.M. at the Court to-day were —A. James v. G. W. Andrews, a claim of Ll2 for wages. Judgment was given for the amount. Brailey v. Baxter, claim L 5. Judgment was given for L 4 10s.

The Larks.—Loud complaints are being made by the farmers in the Wakanui district of damage done to by innumerable laiks that infest the locality. These birds pull up the young shoot of the grain as it appears above the ground, and eat the soft seed. In consequence of the ravages of the larks several farmers have had to re-sow.

The WeathEr.—To-day has been wet again, and, as a consequence, every farmer one meets has a happy smile on his countenance, and is almost prepared to shout. Reports from every part of the district—and, indeed, from every part of the colony—as to the crops and pastures continue to be of the most encouraging nature, and lead to the hope of a good harvest.

Street Lighting. —Some of tlie Councillors, Mr. St. Hill especially, appear to mean business in the matter of street lighting, They are now collecting information and going into figures on the relative cost of lighting with gas and lighting with kerosene, and Mr. St. Hill already appears to be satisfied that for the sum now paid for what Mr. W. C. Walker called <£ an expensive luxury,” (namely, gas) every dark place in the town could be lit not so brilliantly perhaps, but quite brightly enough to serve the purpose. However the work is done—whether with gas or oil, we shall be glad to see light thrown in soma of the now dark streets in the township. A few lamps would save many feet-wettings and nose bumpings to unfortunates who love the less favored portions of the town.

The City of the Plains.—At the Council meeting last night, Mr. Weymouth Eoberts took occasion to compare the expenditure of Ashburton in salaries to officials with the amount paid for officials’ services in Rangiora, and the comparison was not in favor of Ashburtonian economy. Mr. Bullock would not have the Borough of which he had been first Mayor taking such a back seat, and contended that if any comparison were to be made it must be with a borough of high standing. Mr. Parkin modestly suggested Sydenham ; but even that great emporium of trade and commerce would not satisfy Mr. Bullock, who would be content with only a trifling place like Christchurch for purposes of comparison with Ashburton. Bravo, Mr. Bullock ; have no trifling - little peddling _ places mentioned in the same breath with the future hub of the world !

Defaulting Licensees. —The Mayor last night called the reporters’ attention to the fact that several business men in town had applied for certain licenses they were compelled to take oul under the Bylaws. They had made the needful application, but had omitted the equally needful duty of paying for their licenses. He hoped they would take the hint; so do we. At a later period of the evening, Mr. St. Hill, who is ,no respecter of persons, took the Mayor over the harrows on this matter, and suggested, if prosecutions -were to be gone in for stringently, they should not be against one more than another, hut against all, and big establishments should be made stump up, as well as humble people. This remark was drawn forth in connection with a statement Mr. St. Hill made that Matson, Cox, and Co. had built their doorstep from the footpath in a style that was contrary to the By-laws. It appeared there were several instances of this, and they must all be put right. Lecture. —The Rev. John Elmslie, of Christchurch, delivered a lecture in the Presbyterian Church, last evening, on recent discoveries in astronomy, and their bearing upon the Divine authority of Holy Scriptures. In consequence of the inclement weather, there was but a moderate attendance, but those who did attend, were well repaid by the treat which the rev. lecturer gave them. Mr. Eimslie’s abilities as a speaker are too well known for us to enlarge upon them, but it will not be out of place for us to remark that, in dealing with a somewhat unpopular subject last night, there was but one opinion as to the very interesting and succinct manner in which he laid the results of close study before his hearers. The proceedings were opened by the choir singing an anthem, and after devotional exercises, the Rev. A. M. Beattie said that, in connection with the course of lectures which had been given, he experienced sorrow in having to intimate to the audience that news had just been received that the Rev. David McKee, who had preached, the recent anniversary sermons, and delivered the first lecture of the series, had died that evening. Mr. Beattie felt that the voice of God”should be heard in the sad event, and the lesson learned that time was short. The last lecture of the series would be given at an early date by the Rev. Mr. Gillies, of Timaru, on the life of a Scotch herd laddie—James Ferguson. The rev. gentleman then introduced to the audience the Rev. John Elmslie, who stated the lecture he was about to deliver formed one of a number of Sunday 'evening lectures on the Evidences of Christianity which he had delivered in the,Queen’s Theatre, Dunedin, last winter. _ The argument therein, was one which he thought had not been replied to by any of the organs of scepticism, although attempts had been made t-> do so by such parties in New Zealand. He was bold to assert that the argument could not be replied to. After asking the audience to take particular note of the following texts :—Daniel vii., 25 ; viii., 13, 14; ix., 2, 24; xii., 11, 12 ; Revelation xi., 3 ; xii., 6, 14, the lecturer said that modern science and research had tended "reatly to add to proof as to the authenticity of the Bible. Voices from stones, from mountains, from the ruins of buried cities, from skeletons of animals now extinct, from the gloomy recesses of convents, and numerous other sources, all helped to supply proof of the Divine authorship of the Scriptures. There was a superiority in the discoveries made by the astronomer over speculations of the naturalist. When one naturalist gave it out that the earth was so many millions of years older than another naturalist said it was, both were evidently dealing with the hypothetical, and their enquiries and researches only resulted in conjecture but when an astronomer intimated that an eclipse was to take place on a certain day, and at a given hour, even to a second, people lifted their eyes in expectation of seeing the phenomenon at that hour with the utmost confidence. After explaining the terms astronomic cycles, Mr.' Elmslie went on to show the coincidence of the periods of time given in the book of Daniel as corresponding with certain astronomic cycles, instancing amongst other facts that the seventy years, the period of the captivity of the Jews in Babylon, was equivalent to a solar cycle, a period in; which the sun gained a whole year in its course. After further interesting references to the septiform periods of time mentioned in Holy Writ as bearing on the discoveries of astronomy, the lecturer showed very clearly that the prophet Daniel could not have gained his knowledge of thei movements of the great solar chronometer from the astronomers of his time, inasmuch as the cycles referred to were only discovered within the last century, and hence, as a natural result, the prophet must have written by the instruction and from the illumination of the Divine Spirit. The great astronomic clock in the heavens marked off in its course such periods of time as seventy, four hundred and ninety, etc., which were referred to in the ancient book of Daniel, and as before stated, the astronomers of that time, and even to a very recent period, were ignorant of such being the case ’ then what was written by the prophet could only have been given him by the Maker of that clock himself. Mr. Elmslie went on to make interesting references to the septiform periods both in physical and organic life, and drew attention to the similarity in these periods to those mentioned in Scripture, especially during the Mosaic era. The solar system, organic life, and the Scriptures themselves bore the mark of homogenicty, and they were brought to the conclusion that the whole were the product of the one groat Intelligence—God himself. It was interesting, the lecturer remarked, to discern the septiform period in regard to Biblical history ; more so to know that a septiform period existed amongst the astronomic creation; hut still more interesting to perceive that a septiform period characterised all things terrestrial. If, as he had shown, the book of Daniel were of God, then there was no denying that the whole Bible and the religion of the Lord Jesus Christ were true. The lecturer concluded his address by intimating his opinion, from a close study of the subject, that the great and notable day of the Lord was at hand, or what was called the time of the Gentiles. We have in no way attempted to give a verbatim report of the interesting lecture of Mr. Elmslie, but have culled from it those portions which we think will excite the curiosity of our readers, and at their leisure, as the rev. gentleman remarked, they can study the subject for themselves. Votes of thanks, both to Mr. Elmslie for his lecture and to the choir for music rendered, brought the ( proceedings to a close.

The New Courthouse.—Government are beginning to realise'that it does not pay to have a large building standing ready for occupation as a Courthouse, and at the same time continue to make use of the Templar Hall, and pay rent for it, so they have been giving some impetus to a movement towards utilising the new Courthouse, and we expect that next Court day or the one after, the R.-M. will administer justice in the new building.

I. O. G. T. —The usual weekly meeting of the Dawn of Peace Lodge was held last evening. There was a very large attendance ; indeed, fully seventy members, including visitors from sister lodges, were present. Three new members were initiated. Letters of condolence were ordered to be sent to the friends of the deceased brother, A. T. Ross, also a letter of thanks to the Somerset Lodge of Masons, for the great courtesy they showed to the Templar Order on the occasion of the late funeral. It was resolved that the sisters should be asked to officer the lodge on Monday, November Bth, and special invitations be sent to sister lodges asking tbeir attendance on that date.

A Breeze. —There were many interchanges of compliments at the Council meeting last night, but the expressions of affection were not the sort usually heard at a Methodist love feast. Mr. Harrison spoke with some fervor, and was frequently interrupted. Mr. St. Hill would not submit to the conduct of the Retrenchment Committee being called mean, and violently protested, nor would he have it said that the Committee was packed to exclude any one. Mr. Ivess gave Mr. Harrison a sound dressing down, and in a style that would have admirably suited a hedge schoolmaster, proceeded to lecture Mr. Harrison in particular and the Council generally on the purposes and duties of Committees. The Mayor, however, would not have this lectui’e, and cut short the thread of the local Aristarchus’ harangue, so that the fountain of a huge amount of erudition re Committees and public business had to dry up, not, however, before the fountain had given forth anything but a limpid stream for Mr. Harrison’s benefit.

Anonymous.—Previous to the Gloucester match, in which the Australian Eleven gained a brilliant victory in the cricket-field over this crack county team, a letter, which we append, was sent by some mean-spirited person to W. G. Grace, who, with proper manly feeling, at once showed it to the Australians. The letter was as follows , —I must ask your pardon for giving such an astute cricketer as yourself any advice, but as I am very anxious to see the Gloucestershire men win the match, I thought 1 would give you a tip or two. Well, then, to begin with, the Australians can’t play slow underhand a bit. If you have a man who can bowl underhand fairly well put him on early. Look out for Blackham (wicket-keeper); he does not scruple to ask anything, and gets many out through frightened or nervous umpires. I have given you this information because I dislike the Australian cricketers greatly. They are money-grubbers, and there is not a gentleman amongst them. lam an Australian born, and know all the team and their play. —(Signed) One Who Knows. ”

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The Ashburton Guardian. TUESDAY, OCTOBER 19, 1880. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 2, Issue 170, 19 October 1880

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