News by the San Francisco Mail.
(Per s.s. Zealandia, at Auckland.)
San Fkancisco, Sept. 25.
The project of securing the Great Eastern to run between London, New Orleans, and Galveston to take out cotton and other produce, and bring back immigrants, is in a fair way of being fully realised. A Mormon elder and a New York city missionary had a set-to at Castle Garden recently, because the latter was endeavor-
ing to dissuade the Mormon converts from going to Utah. The Shivatka Arctic expedition that sailed from hew York on June Ist, 1878, in search of data regarding Sir John Franklin, returned to New Bedford on the 23rd inst. They obtained many relics of the lost navigator and his party, and also the remains of Lieut. Irving. Geographically, the expedition has been quite a success. Important rivers and coasts have been discovered, and serious errors on former charts corrected. The longest sledge ride on record was made in the face of terribly I cold weather and- deprivation of the ' customary food. The result of the expedition has gone to show that it is feasible for white men to adapt' themselves to the life and climate of tho Esquimaux in prospecting journeys in the Polar Regions, and they are not particularly restricted to any seasons of the year for that purpose, but can travel at any time; and in the same way which the natives travel.
Louis E. Cook, press agent for Coles’ circus, and seven attendants leave by the Zealandia for the colonies. The entire circus will sail for the same destination on October 23rd.
A new system of reducing ore by electricity has lately been formulated, and threatens to revolutionise mining.
Mormon immigration from Europe is increasing to such an extent that Secretary of State Evarts has determined to institute proceedings against the converts immediately on arrival for the practice of polygamy. He justifies himself in this course by the circular recently issued to foreign Governments, asking their cooperation to prevent this class,of immigration, and stating the consequences if Mormons came to the United States. While ..endeavors were made to prevent polygamy at home, tho Government could not afford ■to have the obnoxious element constantly recruited from abroad.
Manhattan Market, New York, and tho adjoining buildings were destroyed by fire. The loss was 1,000,000 dols. The United States are represented in De Lesscps’s Canal syndicate by two eminent Now York bankers, and probably by a mining millionaire in San Francisco. Some damaging statistics recently issued as to the prospective profits of the canal have materially depreciated the stocks. The steamship Vera Cruz, of the New York, Havanna, and Mexican line, foundered recently in a tremendous gale off St. Augustine, Florida. Some twenty five passengers were lost, including General Torbert. a famous cavalry officer during the last war. In regard to this disaster a New York Herald despatch from Florida says—“ The pilots of St. Augustine, of which thei’e are five, who first discovered the wreck, formed themselves into a joint stock company, and took possession of a vast amount of freight, already beached; as well as to claim all that was to come after. Several trunks belonging to the ill-fated passengers came ashore in good order only to be rifled.” Dr. Tanner’s fasting example is being followed for notoriety or gain. Charles Livingstone, of Brooklyn, started to do forty-two days, but after fasting nine hours his wife broke up the business by feigning mortal illness and summoning her husband to hear her “ last words.”
The ship Jestoria left Liverpool lately with 450 farmers for Texas,
A parcel containing twenty-seven dynamite cartridges connected with a rubber tube filled with percussion caps and gunpowder was found under the rails on the London and Northampton Railway line, sixteen miles from Eustun, the London terminus, on September 13th. It is supposed that the express train to Scotland passing over the railway two hours previous to the discovery shook out the tube and prevented the explosion. Suspicion points'to three or four employes just discharged as the parties in the plot. Parnell, in a recent speech to the farmers e/t Eunis, declared his policy to bo All fact unanimity of action among Irish members, independence of English political 'parties, refusal to pay more than what the tenant considers a fair rent, and the social excommunication of any • one person taking a farm from which another lias been evicted for non-payment of rent. William Henry Wells, one of the originators, of Punch and an associate with Charles Dickens in the establishment of “Household Words,” died in London, aged 71.
The American Minister, Lowell, is canvassing English authors as to their views concerning an international copyright. Tho strike among Lancashire weavers is more extensive than at first supposed, and several families from Burnley have migrated to Fall River, Mass.
The Baroness Burdott Coutts, who is said to have set her heart on marrying Mr. Ashmead Bartlett, is ill in consequence of her friends’ remonstrances against the match. There is a prospect of a run on the Coutts’ Bank in consequence of the expected withdrawal of the Baroness from the concern. The alien clause in the Duchess of St. Albans’ will cannot be now admitted in the case of Sir A. Bartlett, as ho is to all intents and purposes an Englishman. Owing to the continued depression in the Irish linen trade the Manchester flax spinners will, after October 4tli, reduce, the working days to four per week. An upward tendency in raw cotton is threatened. The Scotch ironmasters have resolved to re-light half the furnaces put out during the strike of miners a short time ago. ’ Sugar has been unfavorably affected by the prospects of the European beet supply, which appears likely to reach 160,000 tons, the largest amount on record. Phillip Callan, M.P. for Limerick, and described as the Pariah of. the Irish party, made a scene in the House of Commons recently. He was intoxicated when he took his seat, and made an incoherent speech, in the course of which-he insulted the Chairman of Committee, denounced the members generally as infidels, Scotch Presbyterians, contemptible Nonconformists, and despicable shopkeepers. His colleagues left the House in a body at the beginning of his speech, and O’Connor Power, on behalf of the Irish party, apologised for Callau’s conduct. Parliament w'as prorogued on the 7th till November. The two points touched on in the Queen’s speech were that the concert of Europe has been steadily maintained in regard to the Eastern question, and the resumption of hostilities in Afghanistan. The Times says that the' prorogation was not too soon considering Mr. Forster’s attack on the House of Lords.
A political prisoner, confined for five months, recently hanged himself. Before suicide he disclosed the names of the Nihilist leaders, and that of the author of Winter Palace explosion. By a landslip at Koine, Bengal, eighteen British officers, fifteen soldiers, and eleven other persons were killed, and four injured. Bain began falling heavily on Friday, and poured steadily till Saturday afternoon, when the guage showed a fall of five inches. The effect of such on enormous mass of water pouring down into the confined settlement, which is simply a basin formed by a circle of hills, can be imagined. All the roads were cut to pieces, and in the forenoon of Saturday it was rumored that the Victoria Hotel was in a dangerous state. The alarm was given to the visitors in the hotel, who took shelter elsewhere before the building fell. Thirty natives were b iried in the ruins. The police and a band of laborers and soldiers were quickly on the spot. About noon there was a sudden roar and rumble, followed by a vast cloud, which burst. The lake rose in a moment far above its usual height, and swept in a massive wave towards the weir, where an enormous landslip came down, burying the hotel and band of rescuers, with the disastrous result already mentioned.
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