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The Scotch Concert. —The Caledonian Society’s anniversary concert of Scotch music and Highland dancing takes place in the Town Hall to-night. Drunk. — A first offender got a lecture from the Mayor yesterday on the evils of drunkenness, and was let off on making a promise to behave better. Sporting. —The programme of the Ashburton Racing Club’s Spring Meeting, to be held on the 17th and 18th November next, appears in another part of this issue.

Kaiapoi Woolen Factory. —We'would remind those who are desirous of aiding the native industries of the colony that the share list of the Kaiapoi Woolen Factory will close to-morrow, which day is the last opportunity to be had of making application for shares. Alleged Larceny, —Richard Sydney Williams, who had a register of sixteen convictions against his name for larceny, and has only recently finished a five years’ sentence, was remanded by the Mayor yesterday on a charge of stealing a pair of boots and two rat-traps from the Royal Hotel. He will be tried to-morrow.

The Weather. Last night about nine o’clock a very welcome addition to the rainfall began. The interval of dry weather between this shower and the last was getting just long enough to be uncomfortable, and the farmers were beginning to include in their salutations a remark that they “ could do with a shower.” We hope it will continue for a time, now that it has begun, as forty-eight hours of it would not do the plains a bit of harm. Alcohol.— On this subject Rev. B. J. Westbrooke delivered a lecture, in the Town Hall last night. There was a very fair audience, the little hall being comfortably filled, and Mr. Isaac Scott was in the chair. Mr. Westbrooke treated the subject from a scientific point of view, and succeeded, though labouring under the disadvantage of indisposition, in giving a very instructive and withal racy lecture. The usual votes of thanks wore given at the close. This lecture was one of a monthly series now being delivered under the auspices of the Temperance Association.

The Unemployed. —The Mayor has received a petition, which he is requested to forward, through the member of the district Mr. E. G. Wright, to the Government. The petition is signed by fifty-eight men out employ, and is a prayer that Government take their necessitous condition into consideration and provide them with work. The petition, we need scarcely say, will be forwarded at once, and we have no doubt, the request of the men will be acceded to, as a large sum of money was voted during the past session for works to be carried out by unemployed. The Art of Memory. —On Tuesday Mr. F. P. O’Reilly delivered his most extraordinary lecture on the Art of Memory. Wo say extraordinary more in reference to the illustrations he gave, and the feats of memory he himself performed than to the lecture itself. After a very eloquent introduction, in which Mr. O’Reilly showed that the systematic cultivation of the memory had been the study of the greatest philosophers from the earliest ages of the world, and that system had been practised in the use of memory by the Hebrews of Moses’ time —whose language was the mother of sublimity in literature—the lecturer went on to trace the history of the art of memory amongst the Chinese, and showed his own powers of memory by a rapid but accurate recapitulation of every ancient nation who had been prominent for their proficiency in the mnemonic power. He then analysed the faculty of memory from a phrenologists point of view, pointing out the organ’s position on the forehead, between those of comparison, and demonstrated how much every other faculty of the brain was dependent upon mnemonic power. In the course of his succeeding remarks he showed how by systematically cultivating the powers of memory on the principle of the association of ideas, a very high degree of efficiency could be reached. Good memories were only to be found in attentive and careful people, who took pains in the doing or saying of anything, and bad memories were the inheritance of those who were listless and apathetic in their attention to the every day occurrences' that passed before their eyes. The lecture was of course too great an effort for us to reproduce, but it contained many valuable suggestsons, and exhibited a range of reading on the part of Mr. O’Reilly that was marvellous. In exhibiting his own powers of memory a blackboard was filled with figures dictated by the audience, and Mr. O’Reilly, after once reading them over, was not only able to repeat them in their order, but to accurately answer questions as to the position of every figure on the board. Another example of memory he exhibited was his ability to give the history of each of the 73 Roman Emperors, the years of their reign, and the prominent events of their lives. Another exercise was the unrolling of two great Chinese scrolls, reaching from one end of the hall to the other, with perhaps as much again uncoiled. On these were written in Chinese and English 214 radicals of the Chinese language, with sentences in illustration. 0 The and illustrations were numbered, and individuals in the audience mentioned these numbers. In every case Mr. O’Reilly was able to correctly reproduce on the blackboard the Chinese characters, as given on the scrolls, and recite the illustration attached to the number. At the close of the lecture Mr. Ward, who was chairman, in proposing a vote of thanks, paid a high compliment to Mr. O’Reilly, expressing his surprise and regret that the hall was not crowded to hear the valuable and wonderful lecture. The vote was heartily accorded, and Mr. O’Reilly stated that very probably the lecture would be delivered in Christchurch,

Captain Barry. —Captain Barry postponed his lecture last night. Arrival. —The Waitangi, ship, 1128 tons, 64 passengers, 88 days out from London, has arrived at Lyttelton. One death from heart disease occurred on the voyage, but there was no other sickness.

Horse Parade. —Owners of entire horses who intend exhibiting at the annual parade to be held on Saturday next, are reminded that entries must be made with the Secretary, Mr. George Jameson, not later than 4 p.m. this day. New Journal. —We have received from the publisher the first number of a new journal, the Observer, published in Auckland. A number of “cuts” are interspersed throughout the paper, which certainly give one the impression that they have been executed by an artist of no mean order. The literary cast of the paper, which is a weekly, is humorous and satirical, chiefly local in its reference, though taking a wider range as well. From the freshness and originality which characterise the first number, we augur a successful career for the Observer.

Dramatic Entertainments. —Ananonymous correspondent who wishes to defend the use of dramatic performances for supplementing church funds, points us to the following paragraph from the London correspondent of the Canterbury Times of a late date :—“ There are as many different classes of consciences as there ire of minds. Some people think, or say, that there is no harm in opening the Argyle Rooms. At the other end of the scale comes the Vicar of St. George’s, Deal, who refuses to take L 5 for the distribution of coals among the poor, because it is the proceeds of a dramatic entertainment. Of course the gentleman has a right to his opinion, but if the alternative is that people are to go without firing, it is only just that he should.pay the L 5 out of his own pocket. If a man has a conscience of that delicate kind he should pay for its keep. ”

Mount Somers Cricket Club.—A very good game was played at Mount Somers on Saturday, the 25th, among the members of the club. About 16 members were present, and a very enjoyable afternoon was spent. A meeting was held subsequently at Hood’s Hotel, Mr. Polhill in the chair. The Chairman stated that the meeting was called for the purpose of opening the season, and also for arranging a date for a match with the Ashburton Cricket Club. A letter was read from the hon. sec. of the Ashburton Cricket Club, asking if it would be convenient for the Mount Somers Club to play a match at Mount Somers on Saturday, October 9th. It was decided to accept the proposal, and to commence play punctually at 10.30. At the previous match at Mount Somers some of the members of that Club did not put in an appearance until 12 o’clock, which was much to be regretted, as it prevented the match being played out. The following officers were elected ; —Captain, Mr. Potts; Committee, Messrs. Peache, Taylor, Peter, Tomlinson, D. Potts, and Cookson. Mr. Cookson was re-elected hon. Secretary and Treasurer. The Secretary was requested to collect all outstanding subscriptions, and to procure any necessary plant required for the ensuing season. After a vote of thanks to the Chairman, the proceedings terminated.

The Ashburton Appeal Cases. —The appeal of Charles Ryal, the man who was sentenced to three months’ imprisonment with hard laboi, for having no visible means of support, and was connected with the lean-to affair, was dismissed by His Honor Judge Johnston. His Honor thought the appellant should not have been arrested without a warrant. The Court was bound to support the decisions of the Court below, when the Magistrates had not exceeded their duty or misunderstood it. This was a case to which he had given considerable attention, in consequence of a previous case from the same Court. The law was intended for the protection of society, but not to be perverted. Had the conviction been on the defendant’s having no visible lawful means of support, he could not have supported it on the evidence, but the Act spoke of the defendant giving a satisfactoryaccount. The Magistrates assured him that the prisoner had not given them a satisfactory account, and as the evidence did not show conclusively that the account was satisfactory, he (His Honor) was bound to support the conviction. Friedlander Bros. v. Brown. —The appellants had, by a letter to a third party, guaranteed the paying of the respondent for threshing some grain, over which they held a lien from the said third party. After hearing counsel, his Honor allowed the appeal with costs. The same v. Skippens.—The appellants in this case had given respondent an undertaking to pay L7l rent on account of a third party, as soon as his grain should be delivered. The Resident Magistrate had given the judgment whether the undertaking had been for rent or interest. The argument for the appellants was that the payment was for interest, and that as a mortgagee could not distrain for interest, there was no consideration. After hearing counsel, his Honor dismissed the appeal with costs.

Vine Culture.- —The French vignerons in Auckland are beginning work. They have taken 5,000 vine cuttings to their land at Dargaville. In Difficulties. The Invercargill School Committee have resolved to declare to the Education Department that they cannot carry on their schools on the reduced allowance, rendered necessary by the curtailment of the vote. The reduction equals nearly 50 per cent. There are three big schools under the Committee, and over a thousand pupils. The Committeemen’s position, if they carry on, is that they are personally liable for deficiencies.

A Legal Difficulty. —At an adjourned meeting of the Invercargill Licensing Court on Tuesday, a suburban publican, the conduct of whose house was deemed unsatisfactory, was called on to hand over his license, granted at the annual meeting, for cancellation. Acting under legal advice the licensee refused to do as requested. It appears that under present circumstances, and the present state of the law, he can carry on to the end of the licensing year.

Auctioneering After Hours.-— At the Wellington Magistrate’s Court on Tuesday Mr. MacDonald was fined L 5 and costs for exercising his business as auctioneer after seven at night. The defence was that there was no intention to set the law at defiance, but that he wished to bring the matter before the Court with a view of getting the law repealed. The magistrate said the act was a breach of a clearlydefined Ordinance, and cautioned the defendant that, should the offence be repeated, he would inflict the full penalty of LSO.

Native Meeting. —A large native meeting, held at Tolga Bay, has just concluded; over 5,000 natives were assembled. The ostensible object of the gathering was in commemoration of Te Kaui a Tekerou, a chief of renown who died several years ago. A great deal of speechmaking was indulged in. Further land selling and leasing along the coast was strongly denounced. Another feature of the meeting was that the relatives of the East Coast natives in Waikato, Taranaki, and other parts of the country, should be brought to their people here. Although not openly avowed, the desire of many is for Te Kooti and other rebels to be permitted to return. A number of resolutions were passed, and it was agreed to petition Parliament to give effect to the views of the natives, especially with regard to the land and establishment of a Maori newspaper. A number of Europeans were present.

The Native Fencers. —An official telegram received from the camp on Tuesday states that the , native fencers, thirty-eight in number, of whom only ten were men, while proceeding to the fences that morning, were stopped by Colonel Roberts, and warned that if they attempted to erect fences they would be arrested and tried as the others were. He cautioned them, against setting the law at defiance any longer. The natives retorted they would not return until they had reached the point to which they had been sent. The Constabulary were then ordered to advance, and they quietly pressed the natives back for some distance, when the latter gave way and fled. Orders were then given to pull down the fences at Parihaka and at the Waitotara ford. When this was done, the same natives who had come down in the morning were seen sitting about 100 yards from the fence. They watched the proceedings, and in the end went away quietly.

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Ashburton Guardian Ashburton Guardian, Volume 1, Issue 159, 30 September 1880

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