The State of Ireland.
* (From late Cablegrams and by the Eng* lish Mail.) London, Aug, 24. A long debate took place in the House of Commons to-night in regard to the seditious speeches recently delivered by Mr. Dillon, the Home Rule member for Tipperary. At meetings at Kildare and at other places Mr. Parnell and other Home Rulers endorsed the language used by Mr. Dillon. Mr. Forster, Chief Secretary for Ireland, said that he would not be deterred by such language from taking steps to protect life and property, and to improve the relations between landlords or tenants in Ireland. Aug. 25. A further debate took place in the House of Commons to-day on the existing state of affairs in Ireland. Mr, Parnell made a vehement speech, in the course of which he said that the constitution of a native Parliament in Ireland was the only remedy to meet the grievances of the Irish people. The Right Hon. W. E. Forster, Chief Secretary for Ireland, sjiid that the action of the House of Lords in rejecting the Irish Tenants’ Compensation Bill was much to be regretted, and would possibly prove a great calamity. He added that if coercion should prove necessary in Ireland he would introduce a Bill to effect the same, and one which would relieve the Government from the consequences of unjust landlords. Aug. 17. The state of Ireland is alarming and distressing. London papers contain lengthy and sensational accounts of disturbances that are taking place in various parts of the country. Rioting is general in the northern counties. The tenantry are organising for offensive and defensive operations. They have combined for mutual protection and assistance against the landlords. Prospects of a good harvest have stimulated the people to increased activity in resisting evictions. Inflammatory speeches continue to be delivered throughout the country by excited orators, exhorting the people to fight for their rights. Every eviction that occurs is accompanied by acts of violence and frequently rioting. At Dungarvan, County Tyrone, a hot and sanguinary riot took place. The police fired into the riotous crowd, and killed several persons and wounded others. Scenes of disorder and distraction are recorded from many districts in the northern counties.
In consequence of repeated threats and covert acts of violence the police authorities at | Cork have established a system of espionage, with the object of detecting offenders. The system, however, has proved ineffectual, and in consequence of the obliquy heaped upon officials connected with it they are becoming discouraged, and hesitate to follow their [instructions.
Since the late acts of coercion in Ireland, large purchases of arms are being made in that country, and trouble is expected after the harvest, when landlords will claim back rents. The language used at public meetings is increasingly aggressive, and speakers urge the formation of a union in Ireland, numbering 300,000, and advise the tenants to refuse
to 'pay rents and to harrass the landlords. Serious religious riots have occurred at Portadown, Downpatrick, and Dungarvon, and at the latter town the police.fired at the mob, killing one man and wounding six.
'■‘‘‘ln the House of Commons the Bight Hon. W. B. Forster, Chief Secretary for Ireland, in course of a speech; on the present state of affairs in Ireland, took occasion recently to denounce in strong terms the wickedness and cowardice of the speech delivered by Mr. Dillon, member for Tipperary, at Kildare, in which he made use of seditious language against the Queen and Government of the country. Replying to a question whether Ministers intended to adopt steps against Mr. Dillon, Mr. Forster said it was not proposed to institute legal proceedings although the Government considered the language made use of was of the most reprehensible character.
Parliament is still occupied .with the Bill granting compensation to evicted Irish tenants, and progress is very slowj partly owing to the vacillation of the Government, and partly to obstructionist tactics of Parnell, the tone of whose remarks indicate that the Irish party wish to dictate terms to the Government, who ai v e accused in some quarters of undue deference to the Irish extremists. The Bill was originally introduced as an additional clause to the Relief of Irish Distress Bill, was advocated as a relief measure, and was next transferred into the Land Bill Amending Developing Act, 1879. The debate on the second reading showed that Mr. Parnell’s followers were satisfied with the measures, but that the moderate supporters of the Government were alarmed. Lord Landsdowne resigned, several prominent representatives of the great Whig families voted against it, and many other Liberals abstained from voting. On the 9th inst. the Irish Attorney-General introduced an amendment giving landlords the option of escaping from the penal operations of the Bill by offering defaulting tenants the opportunity of selling their interests in their holdings. Thereupon the Irish party lustily declared that the amendment was worthless. Mr. Gladstone was at first unmoved by the denunciations, but on the 12th he gave notice of substitution for previous amendment. The Premier’s new proposal relieved the landlord from penalties for disturbance,' only in cases where he offered the tenant a reasonable alternative before proceeding to eviction, A heated discussion followed, and since then the Irish members have generally sided against the Government. Aug. ,1. v
The weather all over Ireland is most favorable, and it is expected that the potato crop will bo enormous. It promises tc exceed anything seen in Ireland since the period anterior to the famine of 1848. The root and cereal crops are also luxuriant.
There are encouraging reports of the improved condition of the West, of Ireland. The annual report of the Local Government Board says that no deaths from starvation have occurred. Mr. Parnell has summoned the Home Rule Convention in England at Newcastle; on-Tyne for August 9.
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