The Ashburton Guardian. COUNTY AGRICULTURAL & SPORTING RECORDER TUESDAY, JUNE 22, 1880.
The Licensing Bill, as it now lies before Parliament, is perhaps the most comprehensive attempt any New Zealand Government has yet made to regulate the drink traffic. It aims at being conservative of the interests of those whom Government have licensed to dispense liquor; and at protecting them against undue competition, increase of which would bo calculated, by injuring their trade, to lower the tone of their establishments and reduce their standard as houses of entertainment ; while at the same time the Bill has in view the protection of the community by restraining, as far as legislation can restrain, the tendency to abuse of aicholic beverages. There are many points of the Bill which even hotelkeepers allow to he excellent, and it introduces reforms which all grant were much needed. But it is not expected by the majority of people that an Act of Parliament will ever make men sober who will be drunken, and the present Bill attempts no such Utopian idea. Still, it takes steps in one or two directions that New Zealand legislation has never tried before, and having done so, it does not appear to us very extraordinary that one of the leading newspapers of the colony should not consider it too much to expect of the present Parliament when it asks that a still further step should be taken. After strongly deprecating the . granting of licenses to unmarried females, urging that though exceptional cases have occurred where females have been successful in keeping orderly houses, the female character is in general weaker in moral force than is that of its sterner opposite, the JVew Zealand Herald goes on to put forth that no female, other than members of the licensee’s family should be employed in the sale of liquor. With this view taken by our contompory we entirely agree, and in much of what he has to say against the employment of barmaids we are with him. We grant, as he grants, that the presence of a respectable female in a bar may have an ameliorating and restraining inlluence in many cases, “ but not always, and on the whole their presence is productive of incalculably more evil than good.” The barmaid has come to be held in light esteem as a class because individuals of that class have forgot themselves ; and in consequence of the indiscretions of which the weaker ones have been guilty, their sins have been visited on the heads of all ■who choose bar attendance as a profession. This contumely of the whole gen us is as cruel as it is unjust, for if the condemnation of every profession is to be sealed because of the weakness or wickedness of a few of its members then no calling is safe, from the peasant’s to the priest’s ; for in every flock is found one or more black sheep. Still, notwithstanding, the barmaid, if she have any personal attractions, whether in face or in conversational powers, is eagerly sought after by the proprietors of public bars, simply because an attractive barmaid is as good an asset in a hotel as the hotelkeeper’s character for keeping good liquor. She draws—both beer and custom, and many a man who would be content with a single glass from the hands of a bluff male waiter, will indulge in more when he has a temptation to talk with the owner of a pretty face behind the bar. The barmaid is thus a cause of, or at leastan inducement to, drinking, and as legislation on the liquor traffic is intended to reduce ■ the temptations to drunkenness, the removal of barmaids would be a perfectly legitimate step. No one denies that excessive drinking habits are an evil, both to tlie individuals who are their victims, and to the communities to which those individuals belong; both by the effect of these habits upon the individuals and the money that is uselessly spent and lost to the community ; and if the use of barmaids tends to the increase of these habits and the heightening of the evils that follow them, it seems to us that the prohibition of the employment of females behind public bars is a perfectly legitimate proceeding. But there are nobler reasons why they should be debarred by law from such employment. No landlord, however he may wish, can fully protect the females in his employ from the influence that they must necessarily come under while behind a public bar. A public bar is available to all classes of men as a place of resort, and amongst our humanity we find those who care not a straw what passes their lips in the hearing of a barmaid, and who are rather delighted than otherwise at the opportunity afforded them of indulging in coarse language and broadly insinuated inuendo in the hearing of these females. The protection of the womanhood ofonr women is as much aduty of the State as is the education by the State of our children, and though the men who consider themselves entitled as they wish to outrage a barmaid’s finer sensibilities by their coarseness of language, or impurity of thought expressed in carefully chosen language are, let us hope, in the great minority, still there are quite enough of these constantly frequenting every hotel bar in the colony to contaminate the best mind that ever guided the actions of a girl. The only safeguard against the evil effects of the public drinking room upon the employed girl is her banishment by law from that position. We cannot admit the argument that she is there of her own choice, for not one girl in a hundred has a full realisation of all the disadvantages of the position until she has experienced them. To many light-headed and light-hearted young females the bar possesses attractions, but there are few houses indeed where they leave their employ with the pure imagination that was theirs in their early girlhood, or even that later period of it, before they came into contact with the rough stream of masculinity that flowed past the counter they attended, and drank the liquor they served, and the more copiously that they did serve it. We know many a good hotel-keeper who would rather a thousand times that he could carry on his business without the barmaid’s aid ; it is not the respectable hotelkeeper who ia to blame for the girls’ employment so much as the public who seem to demand them by their more extensive patronage of the hotels where the girls are. But a law prohibiting the employment of barmaids would certainly reduce the temptations to drink and save many good women from positions where they are exposed to both covert and open insult at the hands of men who would not dare conduct themselves so to women in another sphere ; and save them from dangers which no man would care to see his own female relatives to, and which every honest man would wish to sea every woman escape.
Supplement.— Our “Farmers’ Supplement” is published with this issue. “ Wicked Marks.” —Another information is to he laid against Henry Marks for fruit selling on a Sunday. Coronation Day. —Sunday was the 43rd anniversary of her Majesty’s accession to the throne of Great Britain. Balance-Sheet. —In another column will be found the balance-sheet of the Ashburton County Council for the year ending 31st March, 1880. To Builders. —Messrs. F< «ks and Son invite tenders in this issue for the erection of certain additions to the County Hospital, and for entrance gates and fencing. Cricket. —A meeting of the members of the Ashburton Cricket Club is called for this evening at 7.30, in the County Council Chambers to receive the Treasurer’s report. Extensive Sale. —Messrs. Jameson and Roberts announce an extensive clearing sale at Wood’s Farm, Dromore, on Tuesday next, 29th instant, full particulars of which appears in the usual column of auction sales. Lociked-Out. —The R.M. was away at Longbeach yesterday and his Clerk was at Christchurch, the Courthouse wan locked up, and the police couldn’t get in, so that tw r o men up for breach of the peace had to go away without being tried. The Trotting Match.— The trotting match between Mr. Willcock’s g.g. “Deceiver” and “Gentle Annie,” for L2O a side, was run off on Saturday from Wheatstone to Waterton and back, and resulted in a victory for “Deceiver” by several lengths. Time, 13 mins. 4 secs. A. & P. Association. —The monthly meeting of the Agricultural and Pastoral Association will be held to-night in the upper room of the Town Hall, at seven o’clock, a dinner of the members of the Association taking place in Shearman’s hotel at six o’clock. The Waterton Library. —Mr. George Willcocks, of the Wheatstone Hotel, is to run his coach at special fares tc-morrow afternoon, to accommodate parties wishing to be present at the Waterton Library tea meeting and hall. The coach will leave Quill’s Hotel an hour later than usual, but of course will not return till the usual time next morning. The fai’es for the double journey will be 2s. 6d. Another Pedestrian Match. —Mr. John Groves, who beat young Montgomery easily in the recent match of a mile, announces his willingness to give his opponent fifty yards’ start for another spin, and backs himself for L 5 on the result. This start ought to bring the men together, and make a close thing of it, as Montgomery was a bit out of condition in the previous contest. Remanded. — At a short sitting of the R.M. Court on Saturday, at which Mr. Guinness, R.M., presided, the following cases were remanded until next Friday, on the application of Constable Warring, bail being allowed in each case Benjamin Corrie, alleged sheep-stealing ; Charles Ryan, charged witli having no lawful visible means of support (Mr. Branson for accused) ; Win, Watson, on a charge of obtaining money under false pretences (Mr. Ireland for accused). Burnham.— We learn from Mr. Maddison, master ‘of the Burnham Industrial School, that the Rev. J. Davidson, ChaplainH.M. Gaol, Addington, conducted Divine Service at the school on Thursday last, at which 130 of the inmates Mere present, and hopes to be able to arrange for a permanent weekly service being held there. His Lordship, the Primate, will probably address the children next Thursday. The inmates have to thank Mr. Maddison for those arrangements. The Shortest Day.— Yesterday, the 21st of June, was the shortest day of the winter season. Tlie sun rose, we presume, although ho didn’t shine, at 7’37 and set at 4 - 24. He gives us a minute longer t.irriance to-d.iy. Tne weather was broken and welcome rain had fallen, and sigusof a continuance are showing. Outdoor work has been suspended, but farmers will be enabled to pursue ploughing as soon as opportunity offers, as the land will be in fine fettle for the share after the wet. Local Christy’s.— The members of the original Ashburton Christy Minstrel troupe, resident in the township, are to give a grand concert on Tuesday, the 20th, to liquidate a small debt still due by the old club. The stamina of the old Christy’s are still amongst us, and from the programme before us, and the list of those who are to take part, we can safely promise a roaring night. The songs are of a good class—amusing and sentimental—a comic trio figures in the list, alongside a song and dance by a local “ steppist,” and a stump speech on local affairs by a local orator. A farce concludes the evening. Wo hear that for the first time in Ashburton a local orchestra will appear. A Plea for the Schoolboy’s.— The Re v. W, Keall on Sunday morning, in a dia :ourse bearing specially on the training of children, gave it as his opinion that the entire secular education of our young people should be confined to school hours, an expression of opinion which will be cordially endorsed by all schoolboys of tlie colony, as well as those in the immediate neighborhood. The rev. gentleman said that with all that was commendable in our colonial scheme of education, it was faulty in one respect—it sought to cram the children’s minds too much. When retiring to their homes every evening, the young folks did not leave their studies behind them, as ought to be the case, but they had to prepare long and difficult lessons for the next day, the consequence being that little or no time was allowed for recreation or to give parents opportunities of bestowing religious and moral training. The cramming process which the present educational system demanded materially affected the health of the lads, and medical men had borne testimony to the fact that many children were dying through the mistaken notion of exacting so much from the youthful mind. It will, perhaps, be remembered that Dr. Kemp, in a paper which lie read before the Philosophical Society in Wellington some few months ago, made use of somewhat similar language. Inquests. —An inquest on the body of Daniel Campbell, who died suddenly on Tuesday last, was held at the Mount Somers Hotel on Thursday, before Dr. Trevor, coroner, and a jury, of whom Mr. Henderson was chosen foreman. After hearing the evidence of two of deceased’s mates, Mr. Forbes, bis employer, and Dr. Stewart, who bad made a post mortem examination of deceased, the jury returned a verdict of died from natural causes—the immediate cause of death being congestion of the lungs.—-An inquest was held at the Waterton Hotel on Friday before Dr. Trevor, coroner of the district, and a jury—Mr. Wm. Taylor being foreman—on the body of Ellen Frarapton, an account of whose death by scalding we gave in a recent issue. Ann Frampton, the mother of the deceased, gave evidence to the effect that while washing out of doors on the 14th inst., the deceased, who was only four years and a half old, caught her hat in a bowl of hot water which witness was carrying, and upset the bowl, scalding deceased severely. Witness dressed the scalds as speedily as possible, and next day sent for Dr. Stewart, but all efforts to save the child’s life were unavailing, and it died on Tuesday evening about seven o’clock. The evidence of a sister of the deceased, and likewise that of the father, corroborated the statement by the mother. Dr. Stewart gave medical testimony, and considered that every means had been resorted to for the little sufferer’s case, and the j ury returned a vi rdict of, “ Accidental Death ”
Drunkenness. —For being drunk and disorderly and using obscene language, his Worship, on Saturday, fined Wm. Briscoe 20s. or the usual term in limbo. Coursing and Pheasant Licenses. — Up to the present 185 coursing licenses have been issued this season, as against 90 last year. Licenses have also been taken out for three packs of beagles—one in Christchurch, one in Geraldine,-and one in Temuka. This season, 89 licenses for shooting pheasants have been issued, as gainst 36 last year. Land Sale. —A sale of properties was held on Saturday, at Messrs. Robert Wilkin and Co.’s wool stores, Hereford street, Christchurch. Messrs. Wilkin and Co., acting in conjunction with Messrs. Jameson and Roberts, Ashburton, disposed of Wood’s Dromore farm, containing in all 1093 acres, at £3 10s. per acre. Mr. Wearing, of Kaiapoi, was the purchaser. Interested Councillors. —Mr. Wiggins, one of the Borough Councillors at Akaroa, and proprietor of the local paper, has been fined LlO by the Resident Magistrate there for being concerned in work to bo done for the Council, or in other words, publishing the Borough Council advertisements in his paper. It is stated that a similar prosecution is to be proceeded with at Rangiora against a Councillor there. Entertainment at Kyle.— The entertainment got up by the residents at Kyle, for the benefit of widow Gordon, came off on Friday evening last in the schoolhouse. The school-room was well filled, and Mr. Lambie, who has been the moving spirit in the matter, occupied the chair. The programme comprised the usual selections, musical and histrionic, and gave great satisfaction to the audience. The result will be a sum of Ll2 handed over to the widow, who it will bo remembered had the misfortune to lose a cow a fortnight ago, the animal having fallen down a well. Mrs. Gordon is the widow of the farmer who died in the snowstorm of last winter, while on his way to Seatield from Ashburton. A Chinese Joke. —Mr. Warden Broad, sitting on a case on the West Coast, in which several Chinamen were had up for fighting, said—“ Now, you people, so long as you behave yourselves and meddle with no one, we do not interfere with you, but when you begin to smash each other up we must interfere, as we cannot allow the country to be strewed with broken China.” Maori Character. The following shows one trait in the Maori character, with which every shopkeeper is acquainted : —“Four heufing the bushel,” (4s. a bushel) says our dusky friend. “No,” replies the shopman, “I give you three.” “No, no, kahore Jack; I no take three.” Within five minutes the fiat-nose returns, raying, “ Kapai, me take three herring one piccanini cop ” (3s. Id.). The bargain was struck, and the Maori quite satisfied. An Ocean Waif. — A curious ocean waif was discovered on the beach recently, between the mouths of the Rangitikei and Turakina rivers, in the form of a box about four feet long, with a scantling nailed along one side of it, to which had evidently been attached some ballast. On one end of the box was neatly painted a skull and cross-bones, and on either side the words requiescat in pace were painted. Tlie lid Yvas missing, but a closer examination of the case (says the liangitikei Advocate ) suggested the idea of-its having been a child’s coffin, thrown overboard from some passenger ship. A Lamentable Incident — The Hay Standard (New South Wales) reports a lamentable incident which has occurred at G unbar Lake. Mr. Armstrong, the manager of the station, who usually rides about with a troop of fifteen or sixteen kangaroo dogs at his heels, happened to come across two boys belonging to a poor 1 iborcr travelling in search of work. The lads on seeing the dogs ran ; the dogs gave chase, and caught one of the lads, who was from seven to eight years of age, and worried and lacerated him in a frightful manner before assistance could be given to drive them off. After lingering for a few days in great agony death terminated his sufferings. Trading to the iSamoan Islands.— The Post sayaj—“ We hear on good authority that a company is about to be started in Wellington to trade between this port and the Sr moan Islands. There can be no doubt that it would be a tine thing for Wellington if a flourishing business could be established with the Islands, and wo therefore wish the Company every success. A glance at the map will show that Wellington is very favorably situated for the purpose. A private meeting of gentlemen interested in the venture has already been hold, and it is probable that in a few days a public meeting will be held, at which the scheme will he fully laid before the residents of Wellington.” Paupers in New Zealand.— ln the House, a few days ago, Dr. Wallis, M.H.R-., moved, —For a return showing in detail how much money was expended during the year ended March 31st, 1880, for the outdoor relief of the poor in each provincial district in the colony, and in each of the chief towns and suburbs ; the return also to show the number, the sex, the nationality (English, Scotch, Irish, Hebrew, Foreign, Maori), and the age (whether under fifteen years, or between fifteen and sixty years, or above sixty years of age) of the recipients of the said outdoor relief ; the return also to show whether paid by Government or local bodies. The Hon. the Colonial Secretary said it would be quite impossible to furnish a return of the character asked. Double Bereavement. —By a strange and melancholy coincidence (says a contemporary) Colonel Pickard, Y.C., the bravo and gallant soldier who died recently at Cannes from a brief attack of illness—violent congestion of the lungs—was buried on the very day which had been originally fixed as his wedding day. His raai’riage to Miss M‘Neile, daughter of Sir John M'Neile, who also died -within the last few months, had been fixed to take place that day. This young lady has lost her father and affianced husband within the short space of three months. The very wreaths which were to have been used at her wedding became funeral garlands to be thrown on the coffin, and the bridal veil and dresses were lying ready to be put on by the now widowed bride. Death was “caused by the rupture of a blood-vessel on the lungs, and the poor young bride sat up three hopeless days and nights watching the life slowly sinking away. Corporation Officers.— A communication, says tlie Wellington Post, has lately been received by the Resident Magistrate from the Department of Justice, the effect of which will be to subvert a practice which has hitherto prevailed in connection with informations laid by officers in the service of the Municipal Corporation. Up to the present time officers of local bodies have been regarded by the Clerk of the Court as “ public officers ” within the meaning of the 142nd section of the Justices of the Peace Act, 18G6. This view the Minister of Justice has ruled to be unwarrantable, and instructions have been issued to the effect that in future the benefit of this section is not to be extended to such officers, so that all summonses applied for by officers of the Corporation must now be paid for before being issued. The Mayor has had an interview with the Minister of Justice on the subject, and intends, we understand, to take action in Parliament, with a view to getting the Act amended so as to allow of the former practice being continued.
Two Much Kissing. —At a party of young men in Paris, conversation happened to turn on the subject of kissing, and the subject was propounded which of the young men present could boast of having, or being able to give, “ his girl” the most kisses. Various were the replies the question called out. Finally, a young man and the girl to whom he was betrothed bet two hundred francs that they could kiss ten thousand times in ten hours, provided they be allowed to take an occasional glass of wine “ between.” Two persons were appointed a committee to count the number of kisses, and the work began. During the first hour they counted two thousand kisses. During the second hour the kisses were not nearly so numerous, for the committee only counted one thousand. After the third hour, during which they managed to score but seven hundred and fifty, further operations were brought to a sudden standstill. The lips of the young man were seizsd with a sudden cramp, and he was carried off in a fainting condition. The girl, a few days after, was stricken with brain fever, which nearly carried her off to a land where kissing, under any form, is unknown. When the people who had won their bet demanded their money, the parents of the girl refused to pay her share of it. The matter was then taken to the courts, and there it was decided that the bet must be paid. Members “ Photographed. ” Mr. McCaughan, the Southland M.H.R.. is thus handled by the Wairarapa Standard : “ Those who frequent the lobbies of the House of Representatives while the Assembly is sitting, will see a man in glistening raiment smoking a largo cigar. Not partial to gorgeous vests, after the manner of Thomas Fisher Shepherd in days past, but prone to display rings on many fingers, and saucer-shaped and sized lockets pendant from a massive gold guard. A noticeable man. Loud. In last century language a buck not a blood. One who could be taken or mistaken as pursuing any calling or avocation in life. No oi;e would mistake him for a gentleman as Englishmen understood the word. A now type of the Anglo-Saxon race formed from mixed varieties, bred under a new heaven and a new earth. An Australian larrikin possessed of money, turned politician. Bad form, electi’oplated ; not common Britannia metal is Mr. Patrick McCaughan. A shareholder or promoter in Vogel’s Southland Rabbit Company. Interested in district railways. Though only four or five years in New Zealand, garnering largely in the harvest field of unearned increment. Connected with Victorian land rings. Affiliated with the most profitable order of the gridiron in New Zealand.”