BRITISH AND FOREIGN
(By cable from Reuter's Agency.) London, June 17. Consols have further risen one-quarter, and are to-day quoted at 98J ex dividend. New Zealand securities are unchanged. The markets for Australian and New Zealand breadstuffs are quiet, and without change in price. The total quantity of wheat afloat for Great Britain is 1,850,000 quarters. Three per cent. Consols, 98|. Adelaide wheat per 49G1b., ex warehouse, 50s. ; Adelaide flour, per 2801 b., ex warehouse, 375. ; best Australian beef tallow, 325. per cwt. In the House of Commons to-day Sir Wilfrid Lawson introduced a series of resolutions re Local Option and Licensing. The Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone strongly opposed the same, but the House agreed to the resolutions. The match between the Australians and Dublin University team was continued today. The attendance of the public was large, and the weather very fine throughout the day. The Home team, in their first innings, were all disposed of for 98 runs. The Australians then went in for their second innings, and when the stumps were drawn, had lost six wickets for 132 runs, Bannerman being caught out for 69 runs. London, June 18. The match against the Dublin University Eighteen was concluded to-day. The Australians continued their second innings, which closed for 156. When the stumps were drawn, the Dublin team had lost seven wickets for 88, The match was thus drawn in the Australians’ favor. The day was wet, and the play was frequently interrupted by the rain. The Wanganui Hax’bor Improvement 1 Loan of L 60,000, at 6 per cent., is announced to-day. 1 Consols have again risen, and are now quoted at 98 g. Adelaide wheat is declining, and is now at 495. 6d. per 49Glbs., ex warehouse. Bank discount 24. The total reserve in 1 notes and bullion in the Bank of England is L 17,375,000. The match between the Australians and ’ Dublin University team at Dublin was ■ commenced to day. They played against ; eighteen of the latter. Great .interest is being taken in the Australian matches. They went in first, and were all out for 1 220 runs. Slight was not out for 56. The Home team then went in for their first 1 innings, and have lost one wicket for 7 runs. In the House of Commons a Bill for Irish Relief has been read a second time. Beedin, June 17. The European Comference commenced its sitting to-day. Prince Hohenlohe was elected president. The proceedings of the Conference are kept secret. Athens, June 18. i The Greek Government has sent a circular note to the Great Powers, setting forth a claim for territory between Janina and Prevesa, south of Albania, and for an extensive district in the Pro- ■ vince of Thessaly. The demands of the Government, it is announced, will be referred to the Special Commission to be dispatched by the Berlin Conference to settle the Turko-Greek frontier question on the spot. f AUSTRALIAN. (Per Reuter's Agency. ) Melbouene, June 19. The Intercolonial Exhibition Building in the Carlton Gardens, has been handed to the Victorian Commissioners. In the Assembly last night, Mr Service made a speech, in the course of which he said he was aware his party was on the eve of a great political battle, but he would not abandon his position, as he was convinced the country was favorable to his scheme of reform. Melbouene, June 21. The division on the Reform Bill, which is to take place on Thui’aday, is expected to be very close, and it is thought to. be very improbable that Government will be found to possess the statutory majority in favor of the measure. INTERPROVINCIAL. (Per Press Association.) Auckland, June 20. An inmate of the Hospital, named W. John Harris, died yesterday, 102 years of . age. Auckland, June 21. At a meeting of teachers regarding the Pension Bill, a resolution was carried approving of the principle of the Bill, but disapproving of its details. John Fraser, Edward Whalch, and Alexander Martin, were charged with forging and uttering a deed of conveyance. The prosecution was withdrawn against Martin and Fraser, and Whalch was committed for trial. Antonie St. Just Mackay, charged on remand, with endeavoring to induce Jules Juliot to commit an unmentionable offence, was discharged this morning, the Resident Magistrate stating that the evidence was insufficient for a committal. New Plymouth, June 19. The Parihaka meeting closed last night. The number of natives present was estimated at 800. Tohu and Te Whiti both spoke, and were both very earnest in their exhortations to their followers to restrain themselves under any provocation given, and keep the peace. They said that the -only way they could succeed in any undertaking was to avoid war, no matter what provocation was given. A great deal of Scriptural language was used, and the natives were told that the prophecy which related to the end of the world alluded to the present time. The work in which To Whiti and Tohu are engaged is to be concluded at once. Only those who are followers of Te Whiti will partake of the advantages to be derived. The natives are the lords of the world, said Tohu, and although they were troubled with in-
vasions, the burden was light in comparison to that carried by their adversaries. The natives had proved themselve superior by avoiding war, and, continuing to do so, they would be successful. Nblsok, June 18. The Supreme Court sittings before the Chief Justice, opened this morning. A bill was also presented to the Grand Jury in relation to the charge of perjury against Mr. Acton Adams, M.H.R. Just before 5 p.m. the jury returned a true bill against him for perjury, and the case will be tried on Wednesday. Wellington, June 19. A deputation from the Benevolent Society waited on the Colonial Secretary this morning to ascertain what assistance the institution would receive after the end of the present month, when the Corporation subsidy would cease. The Secretary replied that the question was a difficultone, and he would consult the Colonial Treasurer. Wellington, June 20. At the conference of licensed victuallers the following propositions will be discussed :—One is to the effect that a Licensed Victuallers’ Fire Insurance Company be formed, and the other affirms the desirability of forming an amalgamated association for the whole of the colony, to be registered under the Friendly Societies Act. Wellington, June 21. Nine cases are set down for the next criminal sitting of the Supreme Court. A large number of men have been discharged from the Corporation works, there being no work for them. A further number will be dismissed at the end of the present week. A petition now lies for signature by the working men of Wellington, requesting the American Government to grant them free passages to the United States. This is to supplement the original petition started at Chrishchurch. Timaru, June 20. A truck load of first-class coal was brought into town last evening from a new mine near Albury. June 21. George Gleeson, pedestrian, has been sentenced to seven days for gambling with an under and over table on the racecourse. Yesterday, three working men named Alex. Gardiner, Francis, and Peter Kennedy, were found by the landlord of the Washdyke Hotel, very drunk .on his premises. As they had called for but few drinks, the landlord’s suspicions were aroused, and on search he found in the stable two empty gin bottles, which the men had evidently removed from the billiard room. They were sentenced to-day to one week’s imprisonment. O’Connor commenced his twelve hours’ walking match against time on Saturday. He covered thirty miles in the first five and half hours. After completing forty-eight miles in nine hours forty-two minutes, he had to yield the sponge to an injured foot. o amaru, June 19. The official declaration of the poll took place to-day. The numbers were unchanged. Mr. Jones left for the North immediately afterwards. He was attended at the railway station by about one hundred, who cheered heartily as the train moved off. Dunedin, June 21. The Benevolent Carnival so far as realised L 1,400. The Standard Insurance Company today received a telegram to the effect that 1 Houghton and Company’s steamer Wanganui had been wrecked between Sydney and Clarence river, and two lives lest. The vessel is valued at L6OOO. She was 1 insured for L 3500, which was distributed as follows:—Australian Alliance, L 437 10s; Derwent and Tamar, L 437 10s ; Batavia, L 437 10s; Union, of New Zealand, L 437 10s ; Colonial, of New . Zealand, L 437 10s ; National, of New Zealand, L 437 10s ; Globe, L 437 10s; Imperial, L2lB 15s ; Universal, L2lB 15s. Invercargill, June 19. A meeting of the Eastern District Reform Association passed resolutions denouncing the Property Tax as wrong in ; principle, urging that if retrenchment were carried out it would be unnecessary ; but if further revenue were wanted we should have an income tax. A resolution was also passed deprecating the stoppage of subsidies, and suggesting exemption clauses. The principles of the Land Tax Act should be extended to the Eating Act, allowing local bodies to exempt improvements. Rabbit skins have locally increased in value a half-penny per pound. Stock and Co., local merchants, are buying them for export to the United States, whence a demand has sprung up, The Kakanui Meat Preserving Works has sent an order for several thousand rabbit carcases, at 4d. per pair. Invercargill, June 21, A draper’s shop, situated in the middle of a large block of buildings barely escaped being burnt djwn on Saturday last. A man, who was lighting the gas in a dressed window, accidentally ignited some lace goods, making a great blaze. It was fortunately extinguished through the presence of mind of the man who stuck to the fire until he had knocked it out, THE ENGLISH COUNTRY NEWSPAPER. From “ Hodge and his Mastersby Richard Jefferies. THE ADVERTISING COLUMN. It is becoming more and more the practice for the carter, or shepherd, who desires a new situation, to advertise. Instead of waiting for the chance of the hiring fair, he trudges into the market town and calls at the office of the oldest established local paper. There his wishes are reduced to writing for him ; he pays his money, and his advertisement appears. If there is any farmer advertising "for a man, as is often the case, he at the same time takes the address, and goes over to offer his services. The farmer and the labourer alike look to the advtrtisment columns as the medium between them. AN AGRICULTURAL INSTITUTION. The vitality and influence of the oldfashioned local newspaper is indeed a remarkable feature of country life. It would be thought that in these days of cheap literature, these papers, charging twopence, threepence, and even fourpence per copy, could not possibly continue to exist. But, contrary to all expectation, they have taken quite a fresh start, and possess a stronger hold than ever upon the agricultural population. They enter into the old homesteads, and every member of the farmer’s family carefully scans them, certain of finding a reference to this or that subject or person in whom he takes an interest. Some such papers practically defy competition. In the outlying towns, where no. factories have introduced a new element, it is vain for the most enterprising to start another. The squire, the clergyman, the lawyer, the tenant-farmer, the wayside inn-keeper stick to the old weekly paper, and nothing can shake it. It is one of the institutions of agriculture. THE OFFICE INTERIOR. The office is, perhaps, in a side street of the quiet market town, and there is no display to catch the casual purchaser. No mystery surrounds the editor’s sanctum ; the visitor has but to knock, and is at once admitted to his presence. An office could scarcely be more plainly furnished. A common table, which- has, however, one great virtue, it does not shake when written upon, occupies the centre. Upon one side is a large'desk or bureau; the account books lying open show that the editor, besides his literary labour, has to spend much time in double entry. Two chairs are so completely hidden under “ exchanges,” that no one pan sit upon them. Several of these ‘ ‘ ex-
changes ” are from the United States or Australia, for the colonists are often more interested and concerned about local affairs in the old country than they are with the doings in the metropolis. Against the wall, too, hangs a picture of a fine steamer careering under full sail and steam, and near it a coloured sectional map of some new township marked out in squares. These are the advertisements of an Atlantic or Australian line, or of both ; and the editor is their agent. When the young ploughman resolves to quit the hamlet for the backwoods of America or the sheepwalks of Australia, he comes here to engage his berth. When the young farmer wearies of waiting for dead men s shoes—in no other way can he hope to occupy an English farm—he calls here and pays his passage-money and his bread shoulders and willing hands are shipped to a land that will welcome him. A single shelf supports a few books, all for reference, such as the “ Clergy,” for the Church is studied, and the slightest change that concerns the district carefully recorded. EDITORIAL DUTIES. The bailiff or farm-steward of a neighbouring estate comes in to insert an advertisement of timber for sale, or of the auction of the ash poles annually felled. A gamekeeper calls with a notice not to sport or trespass on certain lands. The editor has to write out the advertisement for these people, and for many of the farmers who come, for countrymen have the greatest dislike to literary effort of any kind, and can hardly be persuaded to write a letter. Even when they have written the letter they get the daughter to address the envelope, lest the Post Office should smile at their rude penmanship. The business of preparing the advertisement is not quickly concluded, for just as it is put down to their fancy, they recollect another item which has to be added. Then they stand and gossip about the family at the mansion and the affairs of the parish generally, totally oblivious of the valuable time they are wasting. Farmers look in to advertise a cottage or a house in the village to let, and stay to explain the state of the crops, and the why and the wherefore of So-and-so leaving his tenancy. DILATORY ADVERTISERS. The largest advertisers .invariabty put off their orders till the morning _ of the paper going to press, from sheer inatten- ; tion. On that busy morning, auctioneers’ ( clerks rush in with columns of auction sales of cattle, sheep, horses, hay or standcrops (according to the season of the year), and every species of farm produce. After them come the solicitors’ clerks, with equally important and lengthy notices of | legal matters concerning the effects of farmers who have fallen into difficulties, of parochial or turnpike affairs, or “Pur- < suant to an Act intituled ‘ An Act to further amend the Law and to Relieve < Trustees.’” These notices have been t lying on their desks for days, but are per- < versely sent down at the last moment, and upset the entire make-up of the paper. Just as the editor has arranged for 1 these, and is in the act to rush up into ' the press-room, a timid knock announces a poor cottage girl, who has walked in from a hamlet six or seven miles away to inquire the address of a lady who wants a servant. This advertisement appeared at least three weeks since, for country folk could in no wise make up their minds to apply under three weeks, and neccessitates a search back through the file, and a reference to divers papers. He cannot in common courtesy leave the poor girl to wait his convenience, and meantime the steam is up and the machine waiting. When the address is discovered, the girl thinks she cannot remember it, and so he has to write it down on a jjiece of paper for her. CALLERS ON THE EDITOR. $| Almost every one who has a scrap of j news or gossip looks in at the office to chat about it with him. Farmers, who have driven into the town from distant villages, call to tell him of the trouble they°are having over the new schools, and the conflict in the parish as to whether they shall or shall not have a School Board. Clergymen from outlying vicarages came to mention that a.cottage flower show, a penny reading, a confirmation, or some such event, is impending, and to suggest the propriety of a full and special account. Occasionally a leading landed proprietor is closeted with fox’ at least an hour, discussing local politics, and ascertaining from him the tone of feeling in the district, Modern agricultural society insists upon publicity. The smallest village event must be chronicled, op some one will feel dissatisfied, and inquire why it was not put in the paper. This continual looking towards the paper for everything causes it to exercise a very considerable amount of influence. Perhaps the clergy and gentry are in some things less powerful than the local newspaper, for, from a variety of causes, agricultural society has become extremely sensitive to public opinion. The temperate and thoughtful arguments put forward by a paper in which they have confidence’directly affect the tenant farmers. On the other hand, as expressing the views of the tenant farmers, the paper materially influences the course taken by the landed proprietors. INFLUENCE ON THE COMMUNITY. In country districts the mere numerical circulation of a weekly publication is no measure of its importance. The position of the subscribers is the true test. These old-established papers, in fact, represent property. They are the organs of all who possess lands, houses, stock, produce; in short, of the middle class. This is evident from the advertising columns. The lawyer, the auctioneer, the land agent, the farmer, all who have any substance publish their business in this medium. Official county advertisements appear in it. The carter and the shepherd jook down the columns of situations vacant as they call at the village inn for a glass of ale, or, if they cannot read, ask some one to read it for them. But they do not purchase this kind of newspaper. The cottage spells over the prints advocating the disestablishment of the Church, the division of great estates, and the general subversion of the present order of things. Yet when the laborer advertises, he goes to the paper subscribed to by his master. The disappearance of such an expensive paper is frequently announced as imminent; but the obsolete and expensive print, instead of disapearing, flourishes with renewed vitality. Solid matter, temperate argument, and genuine W ork, in the long run, pay the best. An editor who thus conducts his paper is highly appreciated by the local chiefs of his party, and may even help to contribute to the success of an administration. THE COUNTRY EDITOR. The editor has very likely been born in the district, and has thus grown up to understand the wants and the spirit of the farming class. He is acquainted with the family history of the neighborhood, a knowledge which is of much advantage in enabling him to avoid unnecessarily irritating personal susceptibilities. His private library is not without interest. It mainly consists of old books picked up at the farmhouse sales of thirty years back. At such disposals of household effects volumes sometimes comes to light that have been buried for generations among lumber. Many of these books are valuable and all worth examination. A man of simple and retiring habits, his garden is perhaps his greatest solace, and next to that a drive or stroll through the green meadows ' around. Incessant mental labor has forced him to wear glasses before his time, and it is a relief and pleasure to the eyes to dwell on green sward and leaf, Such a man performs a worthy part in country life, and possesses the esteem of. the country side.
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