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AMERICAN SHEEP.

Neva York Weekly- Tribune. Since 1809 our improvement in the - sheep that produce clothing (fine) wool has been very great. Then 9J per cent, of unwashed wool to the live of the animal was the standard; in 1864 the best recorded yield was 21 per cent, and the heaviest fleece 27 pounds. Three rams, bred since 1873 in Vermont have yielded fleeces averaging 27.3 per cent, of unwashed wool, while the average weight of fleeces was 34J pounds. The fineness of' the fibre equalled that of the Saxon superelecta. Breeders of Australia and South America are importing these animals to improve their flocks. The Secretary of the National Wool-Growers’ Association has lately taken 200 of our sheep to Japan for the Government of that country. We have made equal progress in the production of long ccmbingwool, or mutton-sheep husbandry. In 1860 a very little long-combing wool was raised in Kentucky and Maryland, but the proprietors of oiir worsted-mills had to go away from home, chiefly to Canada, for 2,500,000 to 3,500,000 pounds annually, the impression then being general that these wools could not be grown in this country. Now Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan, Maine and other States are producing, it is estimated, 10,000,000. pounds annually—equal in quality to the best English wool. Wool yielded by cross-bred Merino and mutton sheep is held by the manufacturer to be of* great’ value, producing a combing wool that gives softness and cloth-like character to our fabrics not found in those abroad, as admitted by the best London and Paris tailors.

We are now raising good mutton and supplying a rapidly increasing market. In 1839, on the great market day before Christmas, 400 sheep fully stocked the market at Brighton, near Boston, Mags. Last year 272,000 sheep apd lambs were slaughtered at the Brighton Abbatoir, 200,000 of them coming from Kentucky, This wonderful advance in the production of mutton and wool in the last twentyyears has gi’own out of the war and a ’protective tariff.

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AMERICAN SHEEP. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 1, Issue 92, 27 April 1880

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