AMERICAN DAIRY PRODUCE. Professor Williard, of Now York, delivered a lecture in that city, on the 12th of December, before the American Agricultural Association, on “ The Dairy ; its Profits and Prospects.” Referring to the co-operative system in that State, he said that in 1871 New York had 1139 of these co-operative factories, at which more than 23,000 farmers were delivering the milk of 308,452 cows. As the factories of New York have been considerablyincreased since 1874, it is estimated that at least 30,000 farmers and as many farms are now identified with the dairy interest. The dairy conventions/ which for 16 years have had remarkable sway, are an outgrowth of the co-operative system. Those have stimulated inquiry and a desire for improvement. At Little Palls more than 25.000. of cheese from the factories annually change hands, and at the Utica Board of Trade much more. For the last 20 years, or up to 1879, dairying of all kinds has been very remunerative. American dairymen have a foreign market for all their sui’plus. The annual consumption of cheese in England is estimated at 504.000. The British make has been estimated at 312,000,0001 b. and is now, according to Professor Sheldon, 282.000. leaving 222,000,0001 b. as the annual amount required to supply the English demand for consumption. For the year 1878 American cheese exports amounted to 134,000,0001 b., while the Canadian exports, during the same time, were about 42,000,0001 b. The import of cheesa into England from Holland and other countries on the Continent was not far from 64,000,0001 b., making a total'of 240.000. or 18,000,0001 b. more than is ordinarily required in Great Britain for a free consumption. In view of those -figures, it became plainly evident a year ago that the surplus cheese of 1878 carried over to the spring of 1879 must sell at low prices, making a loss to holders. It is now estimated that the make of English cheese, owing to the bad season, is one quarter less this year than that of 1878, showing a decrease of 70,000,0001 b. The American and Canadian crop, it is believed, will fall short 50,000,0001 b. from that of 1878. This total decrease of 120,000,0001 b. is good reason for the recent advance in prices. Whatever may be the disposition of the crop of 1879, it can hardy be expected that the cheese crop of 1880, in ordinary circumstances, can be marketed at much above 7c. The turn in the Fall trade has influenced dairymen to keep full herds, and it will stimulate an extension of business in new districts, especially in Canada, which has become a formidable competitor for the English trade. The cattle- and dead meat ocean trade will also exercise some influence on the price of cheese. The best brands of American cooked corned, boneless beef, put up in tins, sold in London at 50s. per lOOIbs.; Australian, mutton in tins at sd. per pound ; and American bacon at 445. to 465. per cwt.; while secondary American cheese is quoted at 525. to 54s per cwt. The maintenance of such high rates upon cheese would drive consumption upon meats. The real prosperity of American dairymen is not to be promoted by high prices. Low prices mean the reduction of the make in England and an outlet for an increased exportation from America. American cheese makers have made some mistakes in the past, in devoting all their energies to one style of product, in looking forward too exclusively to a foreign market and neglecting home wants. The home market is the best in the world if properly supplied with a variety of goods.
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