THE FARMER’S VEGETABLE GARDEN. ADVICE FROM AMERICA. (San Francisco Bulletin.) We liar advised farmers to give up the cflTsystbrn of planting veget ables in beds cultivated by hand, and to adopt in its place the system of long rows, mainly taken care of by horse power. We think no one who gives the latter method a thorough trial will ever return to the old plan. After selecting the best piece of ground attainable, and ploughing in once or twice or even three times, harrowing after each ploughing, the plan of the garden is in order. Strike off furrows two and one-half feet apart. Suppose we begin with potatoes, that being a staple. Then, starting at one side of the vegetable garden, plant as many rows of early potatoes as are thought to be sufficient for the family use. Plant them one foot apart in the rows, and cover with a one-horse plough throwing two furrows on each row : next, take peas, and plant several rows, covering them by dragging with the single plough. This will be more rapid than hand covering, and is quite as satisfactory. Plant, for an ordinary family, one quart of early peas, and two quarts each of Marrowfats, Champion of England, and Yorkshire Hero, or of Blue Peter, Wrinkled Sugar, or some other late pea.
Now we come to the more delicate work. Throw two furrows together where the next row comes, and with a hand rake, level and mellow the surface until it is fit t® receive small seeds. Draw a mark in the centre, and plant a long row of blood turnip beets, the r carly Egyptian preferred. Prepare another row in the same way and sow it with carrots. Plant a third to parsnips, a fourth to salsify. (Scatter a few radish seeds along these rows, mingled with the beets, carrots, parsnips, etc. It is much better than to give a separate row to this evanescent vegetable. When sowing these fine seeds be careful that you press the soil firmly above them. That is one of the secrets of successful germination. The next two or three rows may be devoted to early cabbages, lettuce, and onions, started in smaller beds and transplanted. Mingle the lettuce with the cabbage, so as to save space. A row of turnips may come next. There must be room left for late vegetables, such as beans, melons, squashes, cucumbers and tomatoes. None of these are to be planted till the frost is out of the ground. One of the best simp beans is the Black Wax, and it deserves to be widely known. Bush beans, potatoes, etc., may be planted wherever there is room, and some late peas ought to be sowed at the same time.
In the same piece of ground, near the fence, and planted in rows of the same width, two and one-half feet, there should be, as a permanent garden investment, strawberries, currants, gooseberries, asparagus and rhubarb. A row of artichokes may be added for those who like the large prickly heads of the favorite garden vegetable, and there should be a corner left for trying any desired experiment with new and promising vegetables. Every farmer should each year add to his list of vegetables a few of the newer kinds, and should publish his experience for the benefit of his neighbor farmers and of the public generally. There is a real pleasure about comparing the modes of growth and different qualities of varieties of the same vegetable. In watermelons, for instance, one may have the white fleshed, the yellow fleshed, or the scarlet fleshed ; he may grow the small apple-seeded melon or the large green ice-cream, or the striped Joe Johnston, or the curious Orange variety, which peels like a veritable orange. All our garden vegetables exhibit quite as great a variety as do the melons, and are as well worth study. THB-XGE OF A HORSE.
(From the scrap book of an old veterinary.) Firsts year.—He has the foal teeth, grindersi and gatherers : small, white, and clear. No tushes. Second year. —He changes four foremost teeth above and below, and they are browner and larger than the others.
Third year.—The teeth next to those changed the previous year arc changed, and leave no apparent foal teeth ; butt wo each above and below on the sides are bright and small.
Fourth j ear.—He changes teeth next to the above, and leaves no more foal teeth in front, but there is one tush on each side, above and below.
Fifth year.—The tushes are complete. All foremost teeth are changed. The last coming instead of the foal teeth are hollow, and black specks in the middle ; and so to eight years. Sixth year.—New tushes, white, small, short, shaip, near which is young flesh. Seventh year.—Ail the teeth are of perfect growth, and the marks or specks plainly seen. Eighth year.—All teeth are smooth and plain, the specks scarcely seen ; the tushes are yellow. Power of Condensing Moisture Possessed by the Blue Gum. —E. M. Dewey contributes the following to the Visalia Delta. The manner in which the blue gum trees around my house attract the moisture of the atmosphere and condense it from the fog which has prevailed for the past week or two, seems worthy of note. A row of these trees around my house overhang the front porch, and at this writing (10 o’clock a. m.) the eaves are dripping with the shower of rain that constantly falls from their leaves ; and the spouts on that side of the house indicate that were the whole roof rained upon in the same manner it would soon fill a rain cask. I have no doubt that a fair test would prove that at least two inches of moisture have been thus condensed and conveyed to the earth during the prevalence of the fog, for during the whole day and night the same process is going on. I am sure I could have saved several barrels of water had I desired to do so.
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Ashburton Guardian, Ashburton Guardian, Volume 1, Issue 67, 28 February 1880
THE FARMER. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 1, Issue 67, 28 February 1880
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