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Mount Somers Assessment Court.— The Mount Somers valuation list was condemned by the judge yesterday, and a now one ordered to be made by the valuator Mr. F. G. P. Loach.

“ Thomas Moore. ’’—Professor Hughes, assistel by Miss Pauline Best, will give one of his admired lecture-entertainments in the Town Hall to-night. In addition to. the attractions of the entertainment itself, which includes Miss Best’s singing of melodics of the bard, and violin solos by the Professor, the proceeds will go to the Irish relief fund, L 59 14s. Od. having already been forwarded to the suffering poor by Professor Hughes. We wish him a full house as a reward for 3ns laudable mission.

Dkomore Goods Sued. —We notice that the new goods shod at Dromore is making rapid progress, the frame work being up, and the other necessary material coming to hand rapidly.

More Immigrants. —The ship Westland arrived at Port Lyttelton yesterday, and was sent to the quarantine ground, having scarlatina and measles on board, although there were a largo number of immigrants as passengers, and a deal of sickness, only three deaths, and those of infants, had occurred.

Wheat to England. —Farmershaving now harvested their wheat must soon decide whether to sell in New Zealand or ship to England. In either case it is advisable to thresh at once as the earlier shipments promise the best results. Those who elect to ship to England have unusual facilities offered them this season, as may be seen by a reference to Messrs. Royse Stead and Company’s advertisement.

The Registration of Electors.— Appointments of Registrars under The Registration of Electors Act, 1879,” have been made, and will be gazetted early next week.

Mb. Treadwell and the Land Company.—Mr. Treadwell, the gentleman who was so emphatically snubbed by the Auckland Laud Board, has been expelled by the Christchurch Co-operative Land Company, and his letter to the Land Board denounced as a misrepresentation of the company. Greyhound Poisoned. —L’Esprit, a notable greyhound, the property of Messrs. Saunders and Walker, was accidentally poisoned on Saturday last. It appears that a carbolic dressing had been applied to portions of her coat, and she licked herself dry, death ensuing a few hours afterwards. L’Esprit, by Poll Mell out of Scrap, was one of the most fashionably bred greyhounds in the colony, and two years ago won the Nelson Gold Cup. A number of her progeny are engaged in the forthcoming Canterbury Coursing Club Derby and Oaks.

Tim Harvest. —All harvesting operations arc in full swing, and the magnificent weather wo have so far had has enabled the farmers to make exceedingly rapid progress in their operations. Our reporter states that nearly all the grain is cut, and safe so far as nor’-westers arc concerned, and the processes of stackbuilding, threshing, and carting to the railway stations are going on all over the district, while the last operation of the farmer—giving delivery to the railway—is noticeable by the heavily laden trains of grain now daily being conveyed to port—the goods train yesterday morning having two engines attached. That pest, the rust, has made many a promising crop a miserable failure. Grain which was thick and well headed, and reckoned by competent judges to bo equal to 30 bushels per acre of good wheat, will now thrash out about 7 bushels of r.hrivclled grains only fit for pig or chicken feed ; and the farms on which it is to be seen are, we regret to sav, neither few in number nor small in acreage. It is a thing for which many theories have been propounded, but none of them arc quite satisfactory. One thing is certain—the rust has chiefly attacked the late and light, crops, amt wc think this should be a caution to our farmers to put their wheat in early in the season, as it makes very little difference to the time harvest sets in whether they sow it in M.oy ov October. This year it has all ripened together. That the soil has nothing to do with generating the pest is proved by the fact that a dean, healthy, crop may be seen on one side of a road, while oil tiie other the heads look as well, but contain no grain. The pickle used with the seed has also an effect on the future of the plant, and when sowing time comes wc intend to reproduce some very valuable information on this important portion of the farmer’s work.

Rakaia Railway Bridge. —As the Saturday night train approached the Rakaia bridge the danger signal was observed to ho shown, and the train was stopped. It was discovered that the bridge had taken fire, probably from the use of Malvern coal, but before any serious damage had been done the gatekeeper bad extinguished the fire. It would bo as well if the railway authorities adopted the same precautions on this bridge as they have on the Ashburton one, viz., erecting a couple of tanks, and leading the water l:y pipes, with taps at intervals along the whole length, and buckets near the taps. There is no doubt a great risk, in such dry, hot weather as we are now experiencing, of serious damage to the bridge by fire, as the woodwork is as liable to ignite as tinder. Another correspondent who crossed in a trap yesterday morning say’s the damage must have been very slight, as he saw no sign of a fire on the structure.

South Rakaia Assessment Court.— A sitting of the above Coux-t was held at the Road Board office, South Rakaia, 0:1 Saturday, Feb. 21, before F. Guinness, Esq., R.M. Mr. A. Makcig, secretary to the South Rakaia lloarl Board, appc ii-ed to object on behalf of the Board to the roll in toto, on the grounds of its being incomplete and irregular. Mr. F. G. P. Leach, the compiler of the roll, appeared to refute objections. After a short argument the objection made by Mr. Makeig was withdrawn. The roll, however, being found to be incomplete, his Worship ruled that it had been proved that no valuation list had been prepared as required by the Act, and under provisions of clause 28 of said Act, ordered a valuation list to bo made, and appointed Mi - . F. G. P. Leach to be the valuer for the district without remuneration. Thursday, March 11, was fixed for the date for completion and inspection of such list ; the last day upon which objections to said valuations could be received to he Monday, March 29, and the Court then adjourned till Monday, April 5.

Prehistoric Max in California Spearheads of an Early Race. —B. B. Redding, in the Reno “ Gazette,” urges the miners to carefully save all the curiosities they may find. He speaks of the spears of the earlier races, and says there

are two of those spear heads in the Smithsonian collection, one from the hydraulic mines of Calaveras county, and the other, numbered 7342, from Folsom, Sacramento county. This spear head was found, with a disk of slate, having a hole in its centi’c, on a ledge of granite at the bottom of the gold mines, twenty-three feet below the

present surface of the streets of the town of Folsom. About thirty feet below the streets of Folsom the miners found a bed of hard, salt water mud, filled with fossil oyster shells, and shells of the extinct crustaceans of what Clarence King calls the miocene ocean. This ledge of granite is a point from the foothills of the Sierra that jutted out into this ancient sea. Who were the people that hunted and fished along the foothills when ihe base of the Sierra was washed by the ocean ? Was the top of Diablo then an island ? Or was ■‘die Sacramento Valley an inland sea, like Puget Sound or the Black Sea ? It is not singular that more of the spear heads of these primeval people are not found, or that when discovered they should be found beneath the drift and boulders of our gold mines. If any were left on or near the present surface, and had been discovered by the ancestors of our present Indians, they would have been split into knives and arrow heads, for obsidian in any form was of tire first necess’ty, and the most valuable materials in use until white men brought iron to the coast. So far as I can learn, there are five of these peculiar spear heads in public institutions, two at the Smithsonian, two in the possession of Professor Cope, and one at Harvard. There are probably dozens in miners’ cabins, nr ornamenting bar rooms in the mountains, or used as paper weights in village grocery stores in California and Oregon, which, if they could be gathered in some public institution, with the facts and history of their discovery, would go far to prove that man made his appearance on earth, and lived on this coast when the mastadon, elephant, cave bear and sabretoothed tiger wandered among the foothills of the Sierra, or, perhaps, earlier still, when the earth had so far evolved from hot chaos as to develop a climate that would give him food and provi lo him with shelter.

An Arctic Arcadia. —About 250 years ago the Tsceukfcschi were distinguished and gallant warriors. The discoverers have gathered a valuable assortment of tho arms and armor of that period. Many of these implements are preserved among the families, whose habits arc no longer aggressive. Very noticeable are their cuirasses, carefully wrought out of mammoth ivory, and fashioned with a remarkable resemblance to the old Roman panoply. The spears and bows arc made of whale-bone, wood, and ivorj', spliced and bound with the sinews of the reindeer, and showing an advanced perception of arctic ornamentation on the part of the makers. One hundred and fifty years ago tho famous Russian, Colonel Panlovski commanded an expedition sent against them from Siberian settlements. In his first engagement with them he was badly worsted. He subsequently defeated them, but with heavy loss to his own troops, and has recorded much such a tribute to their valor as Pyrrhus bestowed upon the Italian legions which lie overcame. Strangely enough, they have no Government, no laws, and almost no religion, if any. A Russian starous is their nominal ruler, but has neither authority nor influence. Very little foreign clothing is employed by them, their vestments being almost exclusively of skin. The nation probably numbers 10,000 souls, of whom one-half inhabit the littoral between Tschaun bay and Behring strait, and the other half dwell in the interior of the country. On the whole, it is impossible to imagine a more Arcadian race, though no philosopher ever yet expected to discover Arcadia so near the north pole. A people without chiefs and without criminals, experiencing no difficulty in the distribution of their joint exertions in fishing and hunting, whoso sole sign of pride of wealth or fancy is the possession of a boat a little larger than ordinary, may well deserve tho respect they have earned from Nordenskjold and his party and prove fitting subjects for further ethnological study.

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Ashburton Guardian Ashburton Guardian, Volume 1, Issue 65, 24 February 1880

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