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The Ashburton Guardian, COUNTY AGRICULTURAL & SPORTING RECORDER SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 1880.

The public of the Ashburton district will have an opportunity of hearing Father Chiniquy, that best abused of all lecturers who have ever come to this colony. Whatever may be our feelings as Protestants, as journalists we care not a straw whether ho comes or stays, but after the amount of gratuitous abuse that has been poured out upon him, we feel inclined to give the old gentleman a hearty welcome. We are astonished at the attitude assumed towards Pastor Ohiniquy by certain sections of the Now Zealand press, who, without any previous knowledge whatever of the old pastor, have let out at him with such endearing epithets as quack, charlatan, and fool. When the history and associations of the newspapers who have thus treated the old priest arc taken into consideration, it is not difficult to arrive at a reason for the course they have followed. If we are to listen to the advice of those writers who so virulently denounce Father Chiniquy, we have arrived at a time when every word—true or false—likely to irritate the tender sensibilities of any section of the community must be rigidly repressed, and if a man believes that gross and outrageous error exists in the belief of such section, he must sneak his convictions with bated breath, lest the tender sensibilities aforesaid may be jarred, and trouble follow. We are at a loss to know why poor Chiniquy should he called a quack and a charlatan, and why, in an avowedly Protestant country, he should be snarled at, and set down as a disturber of the peace. We have every respect for respectable men, no matter whether they be Catholic or Protestant, but surely if Chiniquy has anything to saj' against the Catholic religion he ought to be allowed to say it just as much as Hennebery was permitted without molestation to tell us there was no sacrament out of his church, and to inform Protestants they had no chance of a happy hereafter except through the institution of which he was a loading light. Nobody cared a straw for Eonnebery’s denunciation of Protestantism, and he was allowed to garnish his oratory unquestioned with condemnations that any Protestant might well have taken offence at. Almost every sermon preached by Catholic clergymen has a warning against the heresies of the age, amongst which Protestantism is classed, and not infrequently the priest is unsparing in his condemnation of the latter. Yet nobody interferes, and the priest is thought none the worse of for wielding what is his idea of “ the sword of the Lord and of Gideon.” Notwithstanding the liberty the law of the colony allows a man to proclaim his religious views, and notwithstanding that full toleration is given by a liberal public opinion to the expression of every phase of religious belief, a certain section of the Catholic body have yet to learn what the toleration means, for though they may parade the streets clad in green regalia, and headed by their own priests, and meet with no opposition from the tolerant Protestants and Protestant societies, when these Protestant societies take their turn at a little innocent demonstration, they are received with brickbats and pickhandles, and get for their pains Skew smashed heads and broken limbs. a man comes to lecture wh® has spent the best part of his life as a Catholic priest, and may be _ supposed to know what that religion is, he is denounced as a “charlatan, a quack, a scoundrel,” because, as he says himselr, that knowledge has convinced him of the error he so long considered the truth. If

Catholicism has truth on its side it has nothing to fear from Father Chiniquy or anything he can say, and respectable men who believe in it will not trouble themselves about his efforts to disprove it. Respectable members of the Catholic Church disclaim any sympathy with the rowdies who attacked the Christchurch and Timaru processions, and we may safely adjudge that they care nothing whether Chiniquy speaks or is silent. Is the colony then to be terrorised over by the turbulent spirits in the social substratum of that Church—by the men whose actions Catholicism does not sympathise with and disowns ? Because Pat, and Mick, and Denis’ ears are too fine to be grated on by the harsh s : rains of “Boyne Water,” or their eyes too tender to look without rage upon an orange flag, is the whole colony to have to bow down before them and cut the old air from the book of Irish music, and hide the orange flags and sashes, while Pat, Mick, and Denis whistle such tunes as they please, and flutter their green ribbons at will 1 Certainly not. And if Pastor Chiniquy has anything to say against the Catholic religion why is he denied the right of free speech by a press that was prepared to laud the utterances of a Bright or a Britten. Those orators never called brickbats and pickliandlcs to the hands of Protestants, however much Protestants disliked their talk, and the sweet language pitched at Chiniquy by cowardly writers who do not care a rap for the feelings of the impulsive Irishmen, and would themselves lacerate those feelings if they did not fear, what they fear now—Pat’s pickhandles—was never hurled at the Freethinkers, who, we should think, ought to bo greater foes to the common faith in Jesus than is Father Chiniquy, now a Presbyterian clergyman. Catholics—or at least the less chinking and least educated of them—do their cause a great wrong by their wild threatenings ; and their false friends, who are so choice in their epithets to the old gentleman, follow the most certain course they can adopt to raise a row. Chiniqny’s work since he left the Catholic Church has been a persistent war against the Church he left." Had that Church and its members taken no notice of him, but treated him with the silent contempt the “knave, quack, fool” he is made out by some ought to deserve, he would have passed through these colonies with scarcely a notice. But now that the “ under crust” of the Church, and the cowards who bid for popularity with such, have turned upon him the tap of their vituperation, one is tempted to believe that they are afraid of him, and that he carries with him more truth than is comfortable for them to hear. If he is the quack he is made out to he, let him bo treated as such, but do not hang a man before he is tried, and do not ask ns to give him the cold shoulder simply because the rowdies may turn out as the multitudes came, led on by Judas, with swords and staves to apprehend our Lord. The Irish famine question seems to have had the effect of establishing a feeling of brotherly love among all English speaking nations. From all parts of the known world we are daily receiving cable and telegrams to the effect that large sums arc being subscribed for the relief of our impecunious Irish cousins, and the unanimity of feeling in all the colonies is no t to he wondered at. Colonists know and appreciate Irishmen as being possessed of the hone and sinew as laborers for anything in the shape of arduous labor, for we can say of our own personal knowledge that the thousand and odd miles of railways constructed in this colony have been made by laborers of whom fully 90 per cent, hailed from the Green Island, While Pat is at work he is one of the best fellows extant, but when he starts to play he is apt to be a trifle too demonstrative, and we very much regret his playfulnesss should have got the better of his judgment in the “sport” which lately led some of his countrymen to have free lodgings at her Majesty’s expense. The relief subscription fund has now assumed a definite form, and is in the hands of a reliable committee, who will use every endeavor to show such a record from tins district for so humane an object as will reflect credit on its denizens at a time when they are, as a rule, straitened in circumstances by two consecutive bad harvests, and the drain on their pockets for the incoming one. On tin’s point wo would, if not intruding on the prerogative of the Committee, make a suggestion, the idea of which was suggested to us by a remark of his Worship the Mayor : that is, that where a farmer docs not feel that his means justify him in paying a cash subscription he should donate a portion of the proceeds of his farm, whether it was in the shape of a few bags of oats or wheat, a pig or so, or even a few dozen of eggs, if no other subscription was forthcoming. “ Every mickle makes a mucklo,” as the old Scotch proverb says, and none of our farmers can. plead poverty to such an extent as to say “No ” to an appeal for starving fellow countrymen, and all who read this paper cannot help claiming the suffering population as countrymen, We do not for one moment doubt but that the appeal made will he nobly responded to. One suggestion we would like to make on the subject is, that as all the residents in the county cannot subscribe grain as their quota, those who give cash should have their amounts placed to a “ freight fund account,” and so send the Ashburton County subscription Home in the shape of grain, delivered free in some Irish port. A free cargo of Ashburton grain, sent as a testimonial of the sympathy felt for the distress in Ireland by a place almost unknown to the bulk of the Irish population, would do more to advertise its capabilities and advantages as a place to emigrate to than all the Captain Barry’s ever paid to lecture on the subject.

The Rev. B. J. Wbstbbooke. — The Presbyterians at Rakaia have given a unanimous call to Mr. Westbrooke to be their pastor, and the induction is'expected to take place about a month hence. The Midd'Y Train. —His Worship the Mayor has received another telegram from Mr. Sydney J. Dick, Chief postmaster at Christchurch, stating that he will again see the railway authorities on the subject of the midday train. The Recent Affair at Ohertsey.— The woman Mary Gough, wife of Garrett Gough, whose death at Chertsey was recently the subject of an inquest, was yesterday before the Court here charged with vagrancy. In consideration of her notoriously dissipated habits, and the probability that sooner or later she may meet a fate similar to that of her husband, the Magistrate did for her perhaps what was the best thing for her—he sent her to gaol for twelve months. She will now be out of harm’s way. A Prodigious Vegetable.— Cabbage is not much in our lino unless accompanied by beef, and the other usual accompaniments of “greens,” but we were shown on Thursday a vegetable of most inordinate growth. It was a cabbage of the Early York breed, and measured 7ft. 2in. in diameter. After all the damaged leaves were cut away the heart, sound and lit to pass any examination, was 27ins. round the waist. This specimen is a product of Mr. Harry Friedlandor’s garden, .and he assures us it was grown on native soil. Wo are inclined to believe the relationship of the Inspector of Nuisances to the cabbage has had some inlluuitco on the giant proportions of the latter. Our rcado.-a may inspect the bouquet in Mr. Savage’s window, East street. The Wesleyan Conference. The Wesleyan Conference re-assembled on Thursday morning, .and passed in review the Children’s Fund, the Supernumerary Ministers’ Fuad, and the Foreign Mission Fund. The report and balance-sheet of the Wesley College, Auckland, were read and .adopted. The report showed the College to be in a prosperous condition. An influential deputation representing the temperance societies introduced by the Rev. Dr. Roseby, waited upon the Conference to advocate the temperance cause. The Conference expressed its hearty sympathy with the principles of temperance, and wished God spued to all fellow workers in the great cause of tempcrance. The Planet Jupiter. —The Berlin newspapers direct attention to the appearance which the planet Jupiter just now presents. A vermillion-colorcd spot covers a space equal to about one-fiftieth of the whole visible surface. It is situate in the northern hemisphere of the planet, and is elliptical in shape, and the astronomers declare that it is an affection of the planetary body itself and not of its atmosphere. There is no record of a similar phenomenon having been previously observed, and the explanation generally given is that it indicates that some great disturbances are in progress within the planetary substance. We may obtain some notion of the extent of the disturbance by noting that the size of the spot with reference to the whole area of Jupiter’s surface is as largo as the whole of Europe is with reference to the surface of the earth. The Year 1881.—The year 1881 will be a mathematical curiosity. From left to right and from right to left it reads the same ; 18 divided by 2 gives 9 as quotient; 81 divided by 9 and 9is the quotient. If 1831 is divided by 209, 9 is the quotient ; if divided by 9 the quotient contains a 9 ; if multiplied by 9 the product contains two 9’s. 1 and 8 are 9; 8 and 1 are 9. If the 18 be placed ‘ under the 81 and added, the sum is 99. If the figures be added thus—l, 8,8, I—it will give 18, two 9’s. Reading from left to right is IS, and reading from right to left is IS, and 18 is two-ninths of 81. By adding, dividing and multiplying 19, 9’s are produced, being one 9 for each year required to complete the century. How to cure a Ham.— ln an old Patent Office report of 1850-51, “Agriculture,” occur the following directions how to cure a ham in ten minutes: — “Put two quarts of butter salt into an iron kettle and place it over a slow Are, and stir it occasionally, so that it does not bake in the kettle ; and, while the salt is ■dissolving, the ham should be placed on a strong bench near the fire, and a commonsized teaspoon of saltpetre to be rubbed smoothly with the hand on the flesh side of the ham ; it will soon dissolve and disappear. The salt in the kettle being hot, lay a tablespoon of salt on the ham, and rub with the hand ; continue to apply salt to all pares of the ham until the ham sweats, which is an indication that the salt has penetrated through the ham. The above quantity of saltpetre is for a ham of twenty pounds ; a ham of this size may bo cured in ten minutes. The ham may be treated thus before the animal heat is entirely out, and ready for the smoke-house, where it will be fit for use in ten days or kept the entire year through. Any lover of good ham, after trying this plan, will be satisfied it is the best method. ” The Waiwbra Hot Springs. —From the subjoined pan-graph, which we clip from the “ New Zealand Herald,” it will be seen that these springs are being patronised by visitors from nearly every part of the world:—“The following visitors were staying at the Hot Springs Hotel, Waiwera, on January 11 : —Mr. and Mrs. H. F. Gray, Misses M. and M. F. Gray, Masters F. W. and H. J. W. Gray, Christchurch ; Mrs. S. Crawley, Master Crawley, Mr. Gunman, and Mr. H. Russell, London ; Mr. Thomas Hooper, Nelson ; Mr. Rothschild, Dunedin ; Mr. A. F. Lewis, Kew ; Mr. R. Young, Hongkong ; Mr. Harris Day, Fiji ; Mr. E. W. Wright, Mr. R. W, Wright, Adelaide ; Mr. H. W. Felton, Ashburton ; Mr. Bates, Cambridge ; Mr. and Mrs. Wincbclifi', Mis?. 11. Wincholiff, Miss Owen, Sydney ; Mr and Mrs. Macindee, Miss Hill, Ponsonby ; Mr. .and Mrs. Wren, Mr. and Mrs. R. Felton, Masters H. F. and F. H. Felton, Remuera ; Mr. and Mrs. Waller and three children, Mrs. Fielder, Mr. A. Townson, Mr. R. Connell, Mr. H. Connell, Mr. Coates, Mrs. W. Williams, Mr. F. E. Williams, Auckland ; Captain and Mrs. Bower, Napier ; Miss Burns, Master Dodd, Thames.” Borax for . Salting Butter. —The Italian Minister of Agriculture has addressed a communication to the Chamber of Commerce of Milan relative to experiments in salting butter witli borax which have been carried out at the agricultural station at Florence. From the account which appears in the “ Giornale di Agricoltura,” borax would appear to have a most marvellous effect in insuring its absolute preservation. Samples of fresh butter made at the Florence station and purposely not carefully fx-eed of their butter- milk, were found, on the addition of eight per cent, of borax, to maintain their natural fine flavor, without the least change whatever, for upwards of three months. To attain this satisfactory result, it is necessary that the borax should be perfectly dry and in very fine powder, and care must be taken to insure its thorough mixture with the whole mass of the butter operated on. Among the further advantages of this plan, it is noted that borax imparts no flavor of any kind to the butter, while it is entirely harmless in its nature, and also reasonably cheap. Still later experiments have shown that a very much smaller proportion of borax suffices to produce the desired effect, and also that simple solutions of the salt act quite as well as the dried powder.

A Married Catholic Priest. —Roman Catholic priests are not supposed to marry. Indeed, they are prohibited from marrying. To the surprise therefore of the ■War office (says the . “ United Service Gazette”) an application has been sent in for a pension by the widow of a military chaplain of the Roman Catholic persuasion who recently died 1 Though oppose d to the regluations of the Church to which he belonged, in law Ihc marriage is recognisable, and the law officers have reported accordingly. Mr. Sheehan. —Mr. Sheehan has recently decided to go into business in the Waikato, ami specially to direct his attention to the opening up and settling of various blocks of native lands which have for some years past been under negotiation by Europeans. It is said that all lands which ho will deal with will bo offered for sale by public auction, and that a large area of tlie best lands will bo opened for sale upon deferred payment system. Mr. Sheehan is not goin? with Sir G. Grey to the Thames. It appears as if the friendship between then is not so cordial as heretofore. A Russian Robbery.— The following strange story appears in the “ Golos,” copied by that journal from the leading newspaper of Warsaw. A Jewish pedlar, recently travelling on foot through the Grodno district, was attacked in a wood by a footpad, who robbed him of all the money he had about him and lot him go. Proceeding on his way, the plundered pedlar met a mounted gendarme, to whom he related his mishap, and who proceeded at once to search for the robber, accompanied by the plundered man. They soon camo up with the object of their quest, upon whoso person the stolen money was found, as well as two clasp knives and a pocket whistle, of which “ unconsidered trifles” the gendarme took possession. Having hound the culprit’s hands behind him and attached him to the gendarme’s saddle by a cord, they started for the nearest village, the pedlar on foot, the police officer on horseback. Presently it occurred to the latter that he might as well ascertain wliafc sort of a tone could be procured by the confiscated whistle, which ho accordingly put to his lips and blew with untimely vigour. Straightway there appeared upon the scene a horde of armed brigands, who surrounded the party, and, after freeing their comrade from his bonds, attacked his captors. The gendarme put spurs to his horse, broke through the circle of his assailants, and got away with a bulletin his shoulder. But the unfortunate pedlar, unable to escape, fell a victim to the brutality of the bandits, who hacked his body to pieces and left his mutilated remains on the high road. Preparations are being made by the district authorities to surround the wood in which this band of malefactors has fixed its head quarters. Such enterprises, however, are as rarely successful in Russia now-a-days as thsy were of yore in the kingdom of Naples or the Papal States.

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The Ashburton Guardian, COUNTY AGRICULTURAL & SPORTING RECORDER SATURDAY, JANUARY 31, 1880. Ashburton Guardian, Volume 1, Issue 55, 31 January 1880

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