LATEST FROM EUROPE.
( Keuter's. ) London, Jan, 4.
Mr. Parnell’s visit to America is made chiefly with the object of making speeches appealing for relief of the distress existing in Roland.
Sr. Petersburg, Jan. 2.
There has been an extensive discovery of Nihilism in the ranks of the Russian army, and the penalties for Nihilists in the army reserve has been consequently largely increased. Hong Kong, Dec. 27.
A hurricane recently passed over Zebu, doing considerable damage to the shipping. The Maria, a French barque lying there with 2015 bales of hemp for Melbourne, was totally dismasted, and driven ashore on rocks, and now lies in a bad position with six feet of water in her hold.
PEE OUR SPECIAL WIRE,
INTERBED YIN 01AL. Wait aka, Jan. 5. The s.s. Hanna Mokau sails to-night forMokau, where her owners have made arrangements with the Natives for a cargo of coal, and they are willing to work the mine and bring the coal down in boats to the steamer, the river at present being unnavigable the whole distance. An experienced miner will accompany them. New Plymouth, Jan. 5. Major Atkinson leaves here to-morrow morning for Hawera. It is supposed that he will go right through to Wellington on Saturday. Several deputations waited upon him with regard to local matters.He also attended the meeting of _ flip Harbor Board, and resigned his position as a member and Chairman.
Wellington’, Jan. 5. The Supreme Court Criminal business commenced tb is morning. Justice Richmond, in his charge to the Grand Jury, referred to the calendar as being the average for this district; and most of the charges were not of a serious nature. With reference to the case of William Kales, for dual voting at last election for the House, His Honor spoke strongly m favor of the preservation of the Grand Jury as standing between Government and the people, and as able to prevent vexatious prosecutions. Although the committing Magistrates had hitherto executed their duties in a highly commendable manner, yet they were liable to favor Government (from whom they obtained their bread and butter) for political purposes. He said a dangerous power would be given to Government unless tire Grand Jury were preserved. He admitted that the Grand Jurysystem was somewhat cumbrous and capable of improvement, but it was a protection to the liberty cf subjects. The Grand Jury have found .as yet true I,ills as follows Thos. Wisdom, alias Ramsay, larceny ; Toko Macc, on three charges of horse stealing ; Francis Young, larceny from a dwelling. The latter was sentenced to six months’ hard labor. The native lad Take Moko was next arraigned, and pleaded guilty to three charges of horse stealing. Counsel for defence applied to have him sent to a reforatory. His Honor remanded prisoner until Wednesday to consider the matter. Thomas Wisdom, alias Ramsay, and G. T. Lee, alias Smith, alias Webb, wore found guilty of larceny, and remanded for sentence. No bill was found against T. W. Henley, for larceny. This afternoon Justice Richmond referred to the gaols of New Zealand in strong terms of condemnation, terming them hotbeds of vice, in consequence of absence of separation between different classes of prisoners. The Hon. John Bryce has taken the portfolio of Native Minister in addition to the portfolio which be now holds. The passengers by the ship Bebington were admitted to pratique to-day. The steamer Grafton, which left on Saturday night for Westport, had to put into Nelson last night, having broken the piston rod of the circulating pump.
Christchurch, Jan. 5.
The following is that portion of Judge Johnston’s address to the Jury which refers to the riot cases :—I come to that portion of the present assize which necessarily creates very painful reflections. It is not a very satisfactory thing that at this time of day, in a British colony, there should be traces found of the old feuds and dissensions which in old times in the mother country of the British dominions have created so much anxiety. One might have well hoped that in a community like'this, where wo may safely say there is alargeamount of personal civil and religious liberty and where prosperity is as extensive as in any part of the world at any stage of its existence, no person would have been so misguided and ill-advised as to disturb the peace under the excitement of evil passions. What one says in this place is so liable to be misunderstood that I think I shall best discharge my duty by saying little now. I only trust that the good sense, of the people, when they have recovered from the shock just given to them, will so demonstrate the inutility and folly of a small body of men attempting to act contrary to law, by assorting their views and gratifying their passions at the expense of the community, as to prevent the necessity for laws being made of a coercive cearacter. If, however, the peace of the community cannot be otherwise preserved, such laws must bo passed. In the present cases it is gratifying to know that the co-re-ligionists of the accused have not only expressed no sympathy with them, but have repudiated their action. The law permits persons to join together for purposes not illegal. There is no restriction against their going through the public streets with any demonstration they think lit, so long as they do not disturb the public peace. I understand the cases to be of this kind It is usual for various benefit societies to have meetings of a social and friendly character on what is commonly called Boxing Day. Among these societies there is one which chooses, quite within the law, to call itself by a name which suggests a political and religious difference. They are perfectly justified in doing so. The Orange Societies are, I understand benefit societies. They use the Orange colors for reasons you all know, but which should be only discoverable from the pages of history ; for the causes which led to their being adopted have long ago disappeared. They are, however, quite whhin the law in using these colors and emblems, and in going through the streets in procession, so long as they do it without provoking a disturbance or a breach of the peace. If they are interfered with in the exercise of this right, we may well protect them. The indictment will he for riotous assault and for unlawfully assembling. Ido not know whether there will be a count for assault with intent to do grevious bodily harm, though there is good ground for it. It is perfectly competent for the prosecution to refrain from presenting an indictment for felony, and they may be satisfied with an indictment for misdemeanor. His Honor then referred to the similar cases at another place, pointing out that there the Rio: Act had been read, a fact which materially altered the nature of the offence. In this case, the charge is only one of riot, which is defined in "law as a tumultuous disturbance of the peace by three persons at least, assembled together of their own authoritj', with the intent to assist one another against anyone who shall oppose them in the execution of some private enterprise, and afterwards actually executing the same to the terror of the people. His Honor showed how the acts alleged to have been committed tallied with the letter of the law, and concluded by stating that if the accused were acting for a common purpose, the action of each was the action of all.
Yount' Pillow, who attempted a few weeks ago to come in the role of the Kellys, pleaded guilty to the charges both of larceny and attempted highway robbery, for which he received one and four years’ penal servitude cumulative. David Grubb, a post office clerk, got eighteen months for stealing three letters from the office.
Roderick M'Lemian, from Rapier, received two years hard labour for forgery. The Customs receipts for December were L 15,720 4s. Gd. The receipts for the quarter wore LIS, 15b 45., and for the second quarter of the previous year L 56,347 2s. 9d., the falling off being due of course to the commercial crisis of the last few months.
Two lads were summoned in thp R.M. Court io-day for driving bicycles on a footpath. The cases being the first of the kind wore dismissed.
Blenheim, Jan. 0. The “ Marlborough Express” appeared as an evening paper to-day. The strike of telegraph operators still continues, not one of the twenty-throe having accepted the unsatisfactory terms offered by Dr. Lemon. Hokitika, Jan. 5. The Claud Hamilton took away last trip to Melbourne large parcels of gold, viz., 10,4360z5. 19dwts. 21grs., valued at L 41,748, shipped as follows : By the Bank of Now Zealand, G3o9ozs. Gdwts. 12grs.; by the Union Bank, 41270z5. 13dwts. 9grs. In addition to the above, the Claud Hamilton shipped from Greyraouth 73G20z5., making a total from both ports of 17,798 oza. The total amount shipped for the 12 nionthf} ended Dec. 3, 1879, ia GG,956 ozs, valued at L2G7,824.
Oamahu, Jan. 5. The amount realised by the Athnseum Bazaar is L 520.
Dunedin, Jan 3. The Dunedin telegraph operators are still on strike.
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