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ARRIVAL OF THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL AT AUCKLAND.

SUMMARY OF NEWS. Auckland, Eec. 27. Among the passengers by the P. and O. a. s. Pera were Archbishop Stein, the new Auckland Catholic Bishop, and Fathers Domey, O’Hara, and Baggioli. The Governor of Bombay travelled 15 miles on a locomotive on the railway through the Bolan Pass. Princess Clotilde is wintering in Paris at the suggestion of the King of Italy, and her husband, Prince Napoleon, is surrounding himself by a complete diplomatic court, putting on the airs of a pretender. The miners’ association of the United Kingdom are assisting miners to emigrate, and have fixed the allowances at—to America, L 6 ; Australia and New Zealand, Ll2. There is great improvement in the coal and other industries in England. At the Guildhall Police Court Edward Froggatt, solicitor, whose connection with the tariff frauds will be remembered, was brought up on a charge of misappropriating to his own use of LBO,OOO which had been entrusted to him as trustee under a marriage settlement. One hundred thousand copies of a proscribed publication are reported discovered in Moscow. The pamphlets had counterfeited the permission of the censor. A scheme has been formed to build a canal from the river Maine, at Frankfort, to the Rhine. Frankfort will give 125,000 marks for a harbor. The famine in Upper Silesia is assuming alarming proportions. A Copenhagen despatch reports that the police have arrested a student upon a charge of writing to the Queen of Sweden, demanding 20,000 crowns, and threatening, in case of refusal, to assassinate the Crown Prince of Sweden. The St. Petersburg “ Gazette ” is forbidden in the streets of the towns of Germany, on account of several articles entitled German women, which are full of insults to the German nation. The French revenue for the ton months of the present year, including October, exceeds the estimates by 123,000,000 francs. The Austrian Budget produced a bad impression. The deficit is nearly

double the an; unt stated, and the Finance Minister is unable t > cover the deficit by increased taxes. He had recourse to street loans. Prince Bismarck lias requested the Russian Government to withdraw a force of 20,000 cavalry from Poland, on the the borders of German territory. Russian officers on leave of absence ha 'e been ordered to rejoin their regime.its immediately. Letters from Constantinople confirm reports of the extreme distress in financial matters of Turkey. The pilgrimage to Mecca, which hitherto has been provided for attlio expense of Government, is unable to get any assistance—an event that never before has occurred since the establishment of the Ottoman Empire. The Lorussia sailed from Liverpool on the 20th November, for New Orleans, with sixty-five farmers and families, bound for Texas, mostly from Lancashire, Yorkshire, and Durham, with a few from Scotland and Ireland. The French Government has sanctioned the lottery of 21)0,01)0 francs arranged by a committee o‘ journalists for tin benefit of the suffice! . by the Hoods in Murcia. Considerable alarm is felc in Go! ..in mat the fortificatic .h which have been oc.run at Dunkirk, at Lille, Maine oerg, and Valencia. The Danish War Minister is expected to resign. 1 aving said in public that Germ a- i • sov.o the first opportunity 'I. ■ ' o’ '.nuu.r'v. Toe Ge-. "i 1 Trustor of War ordered the re-mirve ■ of 'lie Bailie Coast to see if forth•. ' i v n neudt'd. Tin lb.-: -i’ rn h p Tor rbe -hinese line to Honoluh- rid Canton is taking in passengers. Latest dates report active preparations for war against Japan are going on in China. Captain Rowles, of the English steamer Baltimore, from Baltimore for Loudon, with cattle, was killed at sea during heavy weather, a block falling on his head. The mate was also disabled. There being a heavy sea running, the ship put back to Baltimore. The mother of ex-Empress Eugenie died, aged one hundred, just two hours before her her arrival from Paris. Jules Hotel, the French painter is dead. San Domingo advices to the Bth Nov. report that a fight occurred between the forces of President Guillermo and the resolutionists at St. Pedro. Guillermo was dislodged from his position, and had to retreat to the capital. Gladstone commences his election campaign at Edinburgh. A “ Standard ” despatch from Thegetemego, Burmah, says a serious affray occurred on the 13th at Mergyon, on board a steamer between the crew and a number of Burmese coolies, in which six persons were wounded. The insurgents have been again defeated at Cuba.

lii a gale on Lake Ontario, on Nov. 17, twelve small vessels sunk, and thirty-one persons drowned ; other wrecks and loss of life are reported along the Atlantic coast.

The Russian press allege that neither Government nor the people want war, the bad financial position of the Empire enjoining peace, but every day convinces them that a great struggle is impending. Winter has set in very severely in the eastern and north-western States of America ; heavy snow fell in Geotgia. Two men of questionable character have been lynched by Yigilants at Deadville, who number 700. They warned D. Belly, the accused, of giving bribes to White, the City Marshall, and warned Jim Bush to leave town, or be would be hanged. The thieves and rowdy characters have also enrolled a number of 750, and threaten avenging their companion’s death. They also warn persons suspected of participating in the hanging business to leave town or they would burn it down. This would be an easy task, the town being built of wood, and having insufficient water facilities.

Navigation from St. Lawrence to Montreal closed on Nov. 22 for steam boats, the river being frozen in. Meetings were held in England on Nov. 28, sympathising with Irish political prisoners, but not very enthusiastic, except at Birmingham 20,000 attended. Liverpool, Nov. 24. California wheat 10s. 7d. to 11s. 5d., averaging 11s. sd. to lls. 9d. per cental. Cargoes of wheat are in fair request at full prices for Home and Continental destinations. IRELAND. The Irish agitation has attained alarming proportions. 17 warrants are reported issued for seditious language, including five clergymen. The garrisons of Westport, Clare, Castlereagh, Belfast, and other places in Ireland have been strongly reinforced. The constabulary have been under arms day and night. The news of the arrest of the three agitators, Davitt, Killen, and Daly, caused great excitement in Ireland and among the large Irish population of Dundee, who had been addressed by them. The English press, except the “ Daily News,” approved of the arrests, the Irish press are divided in opinion. Many Irish landlords are leaving the country through fear. Three additional regirnents-are under orders to proceed to Ireland. A new source of apprehension concerning the military has arisen —a large proportion of soldiers about to be sent to Ireland are Irish, and hints are thrown outthat if ordered to fire upon their countrymen they will refuse to obey. In the barracks of these regiments Home Rulers and “Nationalist” journals of Ireland are often seen, and emissaries from Ireland are frequent visitors to the soldiers. A despatch from Pittsville, Pennsylvania, of Nov. 22, says there will be a general turning out of Irish Nationalists throughout the States to-morrow. At a recent meeting of Nationalists, at Mahoney City, it was resolved to take up the cause of Davitt, Killen, and Daly. In nearly every village, town, and city in the coal and iron country are lodges of Irish Nationalists, or branches of Fenian confederacies, and a meeting for organisation has been called for to-morrow. The leading officers of the Ancient Orders of Hibernians say hundreds of members are anxious to get to Canada to invade the British possessions in retaliation for the arrest and imprisonment of three advocates of Ireland’s liberty. The British Government’s arrangements for watching the Fenian movement in America is very perfect.

Preparations continue to be pushed forward in India with undiminished vigor.

Pukkakour and Dobar railroad is open for engines nearly to Jellalabad, and is being constructed at the rate of over a mile per day. A large number of cars, and a quantity of war material are being shipped at Bombay for Kurrachee. It is finally settled that the railroad from T,i..' tali shall be extended to Kandahar. The Viceroy of India telegraphed that an expedition has started for Ghuznee, where there are malcontents, stirred up by Mollahs. The investigation into the massacre at the British Legation continues. Forty Afghans have been hanged for complicity. The inquiry into the Ameer’s conduct in relation thereto progresses. It has been discovered that on the night before the battle of Oharasick he was visited in his tent by Naid Mahomed, who commanded the enemy next day. Yakoob Khan is now practically a prisoner. Ml his attendants except four have been dismissed. A sentry is consequently on duty inside his quarters, and a strong guard outside. It is still a mystery as to what has been done with the bodies of Major Cavagnari and liiii companions. The ' ‘ Manchester Guardian’s ” London correspondent hulieves that documents were found in Cabul compromising the Russian Foreign Office. Lord Beaconsfield is urged to publish the documents, but declines. A Cabul telegram of Nov. 20 says the enquiry into the conduct of theAmeer Vakoob Khan and his Ministers in connection with the massacre of the British Embassy has terminated, and the report of the Commission of Inquiry and has been forwarded to the Viceroy. Nothing has transpired to alter the unfavorable opinion hitherto current regarding the Ameer’s course of action. The first number of “ Aurora,” a daily paper, jdanned and issued by the Vatican, will appear on Ist January a* a more authoritative exponent of the Pope’s views than the existing clerical papers. Marshal Canrobert, having been elected to the French Senate against the Republican candidate, resigned his connection with the French army. Henri Martin has been elected a member of the French Academy, in room of M. Thiers, deceased. Gortschakoft’s retirement from the Russian Chancellorship is not unexpected, owing to diplomatists. It was known lie would resign as soon as the German intrigues against him ceased. French influence at the Court of Russia has shelved Count SchouvalotF. Gortschakoff is suffering from mental depression, and there is little hope of his recovery. Baron Donbriel, Russian Ambassador to Germany, has been summoned to St. Petersburg to explain the relations of Russia and Germany. The Moscow Committee on Volunteer cruisers has called a meeting to discuss ways and means for raising subscriptions for the construction of cruisers in view of Russian relations with England.

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ARRIVAL OF THE SAN FRANCISCO MAIL AT AUCKLAND. Ashburton Guardian, Volume I, Issue 36, 18 December 1879

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