Liras as a Manure,
Mr. , Thomas .Weaver, bailiff, the Isle arm, Bictoii, Salop, writestothe “Shrewsbury Chronicle “In the year 1800 I took tho management of a farm in Worcestershire, which had been farmed badly for a number.of years. The farm in question was one-half grass land and one-half arable, which land w;is in a foul, neglected state. The farm was a Michaelmas taking, but to get possession of the land to clean it was arranged to take the farm at Ladyday, 18(50, by taking to all crops growing upon the farm by valuation. I may say that the crops of wheat, barley, beans, &c., did not amount to 12 bushel (imperial measure) to the acre through the whole, crop. One field of wheat, 12 acres, the valuers could riot agree upon as to quality, as it was mostly scutch, . .coltsfoot, and rubbish. (This field "was Upon limestone rock.) The wheat was harvested and threshed separately, and the produce of the whole was 22 bags (imperial.) I had often noticed the good effect (>f lime upon different soils, and was induced tu try its effects upon this field. As soon as harvest was completed 1 ploughed up. the field deep and well, and let it lie in the whole furrow until the middle of March. I then crossploughed the land ready for a good summer’s working in June ; I carted 42 tons of lime into heaps of three tons, and, after thoroughly cleansing the land, spread the slack lime over the field; at the end of August X ploughed it into the soil about four inches deep; iri October planted two bushels of wheat per acre, and the result at threshing day was just 13 bags of fine wheat per acre. 1 sowed upon the young wheat’plant Sutton’s permanent grass seeds,- anc( the field at the present time is in jcapital'; grass. I also used lime upoii 'otlieri* portions of the farm for barley,' swfedes, and peas,' at the rate of 3 ton to the acre, and the quality of com increase and clearness of the swedes was always to be plainly seen. About onehalf of the arable -land-was resting upon limestone, and the other portion was a red loam. I have used' lime upon marl land with equally good results! Upon the farm which T now manage, last spring, on a very keen gravel of 23 acres, after a swede crop waa . drawn off, I spread 80 ton: of;. , linie, ; slacked, ploughed in for barley, and afterwards sown with clovers for two or; more .years. Although the barley was planted rather late, it was very good, and now there is a famons stock of seeds upon the land. I also used, in March Last, upon a porti on of a field of young clovers, three ton of lime per acre, spread as a top dressing, and as far as the lime was put a groat, difieroucu was visible. I have during, the frost drawn 48 ton of lime for 12, acres of young clovers to spread on as a top dreasing as soon as the land will carry the carts ; and although I shall not be here to see it, I have no doubt as to the results; both upon the seeds and the succeeding wheat crop; and the after crop of roots; . My ! experience has been that upon sriffsoils lime, if not a direct manure, alters the stiff State of the soil, decomposes th® vegetable matters remaining in the soil-that future crops can feed upon; upon-sand and keen gravel soils it prevent* ut burning up to a great extent in a, hotsummer, if regularly applied to the land at intervals of - about eight yefcrs. - I also think that , lime appliod upon young clovers in the spring intended .for grazing by sheep prevents the foot-rot to a great extent, so subject to sheep in Shropshire; As regards the application ! of. lime- to grass land, lime spread upon sound land, a good dressing when in,a caustic state, renders the grass more palatable and finer; but _ I have generally used lime mixed up with road scrapings, ditchings, and odd soil, turned up together for six month or more, and theft put on the land as soon as the hay is drawn off, which answers very, well. Grass land that requires draining generally shows by the soft spongy tread, the coarse sour herbage, and the dislike of cattle or other stock to eat it down close.
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