A Tip for Protectionists and Workmen.
The Toronto “ Globe ” states some plain facts showing how the introduction of e protective tariff in Canada has brought down the rates of wages : —“ The latest reductions have been made by the Canada South Railway Company. Not only has the Company lowered the pay of its employees 10 per cent., but the working staff has also been considerably reduced. The manager has stated that the reduction of expenses in this way has been rendered necessary by the increased cost of running since the introduction of the protective policy. Coal costs the Company 50 cents per ton more than it ough to cost, iron is taxed from 17i to 36 per cent., locomotives and cars pay 25 per cent., bridges 25 per cent., and hardware 30 per cent. On the other hand the receipts have been diminished by the same cause. The increased cost of living tends to lessen the passenger traffic, and, according to the returns of the port of Montreal, the shipments of grain have fallen off, the quantity exported from January 1 to May 14 this year being 1,473,700 bushels, against 1,898,830 bushels during the corresponding period of last year—a decrease of nearly 24 percent. Meanwhile, as the working man’s wages are reduced, his expenses are increased. Flour, which three months ago cost him S.GOdol per barrel wholesale, now costs him 4.15d01.; sugar is 1 cent, per lb. dearer ; oatmeal has gone up 15 per cent.; bacon is 10 per cent, dearer, and beef is also higher. Clothing has likewise advanced in price.
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