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The Ashburton Guardian, COUNTY AGRICULTURAL & SPORTING RECORDER. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1879.

The end has come, and the struggle is over. Sir George Grey’s appeal to the country, though it succeeded by .skilfully managed elections in reducing the crushing majority that faced him in the last Parliament, has failed to give him a majority in the House, and last night the no-contidence debate finished with a division which gave the following result :

Ayes ... ••• 43 Noes •••: 41 Majority against Government 2 —a narrow majority to bo sure, but quite sufficient to show Mr. Sheehan how Vain was his boast that the country had returned to Sir George Grey’s following a firm majority. In another column we give the division list, in which it will be seen there is nothing ‘ ‘ doubtful ” at all about Mr. Wright’s vote, but that he has been true to the district that returned’ him. The House adjourned immediately after thejlivision, to meet again on Tuesday, when we expect to hear that a Ministeral change will have taken place.

When a statesman like Lord Derby tells the English farmers that, the cultivable land in England being a fixed quantity, the relations between landlord and tenant must eventually be regulated by the need they have for each other; and, there being no room in the country for any more farmers, it is as well to look outside the island if land is wanted on which to place the young men whom their parents destine for the profession of agriculture. When a man like Lord Derby talks in this strain there is sufficient reason existing for cherishing a belief that soon a tide of immigration will set in towards our shores that will be highly acceptable, and for accepting the instalments that have already, landed as only the pioneers of a huge brigade of immigrating yeomen. _ Lord Derby was speaking to the Lancashire Farmers’ Club when lie made use of the language, the spirit of which we have quoted; and he further clinched his statements by adding that, “by making a vacancy (in the old country) a man would do good instead of harm to those whom he left behind. If farmers’ numbers were kept down they would keep down their rents.” But Lord Derby’s advice is not the only reason why we may look for an influx of farmers. That class at homo have found, what with high rents, hard-and-fast landlords’ rules for cultivation, preservation of game, and other burdens with which they are handicapped against the foreign producer, that a short harvest is the brink of ruin. This year, more especially, have they cried out against the hardness of their case. In many instances the landlords have responded to their appeal, and lightened the rents. From 10 per cent, up to 50 per cent, have concessions been made, in view of the depression that is now weighing down the agricultural interest. And never, perhaps, in the country’s history, was the need for these concessions more imperative. But a few years ago, to obtain a farm at all was a difficult thing, so high were the rents, and so thoroughly were the landlords masters of the situation, because of the demand existing for arable land. Farming was then, comparatively speaking, a profitable thing; and when honest John Bull was taking out of his land, and the market he found for his produce, a fair surplus over the_ rent he paid, ho was content, and only indulged in that inalienable right of Englishmen—a grumble. But grumbling he paid, and was willing to renew. He had then only such competition as the European continent and the cultivated part of America offered to contend with. When, however, the great railways ran through the irn.mense waste lands of the New World, and planted homesteads upon them, and the produce of those lands was poured into the English market, he began to find that the chronic grumble, which had previously been but a sort of luxury, did not meet the requirements of his case. He could not produce from Iris land anything like the quantity nor near so cheaply as his “cousins” could; and, to add to his difficulties, there occurred the great “revolt of the field” —a revolt, lot us hope, in the interests of humanity, that will never bo subdued. But while Hiawatha’s vision was being realised in America—“l beheld the westward marches Of the unknown crowded nations. All the land was full of people, Restless, struggling, toiling, striving, Speaking many tongues, yet feeling But one heartbeat in their bosoms. In the woodlands rang their axes. Smoked their towns in all the valleys ;

Over, ill the lakes and rivers - - Rushed their great canoes of thunder the vision was also being fulfilled in other and newer lands. The Australian continent and the, New Zealand islands were, meanwhile, turning up their virgin soils in laughing ridges to the kiss of the ploughshare. ‘-In the.woodlands-rang the axes truly, and the grain-field supplanted the forest. Our plains in a season or two added their quota, no light thing, to the food stock of England, and we, too, became competitors with the English farmer. The new countries, if labour in them was costly, exacted no rack-rents, laid no restrictions on the cropping, put no tapu on the game, and thoir taxes fell lightly on the farmer. Costly manure was no item in their farmers’ expenditure* and, with every advantage of soil and climate, they could run John I3ull ji close race on his own «round, to ■which they were admitted by free trading England. So when Hodge drove his master’s grain wains to the merchant's granary, it was to lay the sacks,

HJ-_| rrggaafj jggie mayhap,- on the same flodr wi» largei quantities frdni California,- AdoMde, or Canterbury. ■ The time was when a short England meant a scarcity of bread, but nqw the crops of the whole world inustArtrght Before any very telling differenced apparent in the British housekeeper’s account with the baker. But the farmer feels a short crop keenly,—to him it is a fearfully short return of his annual income. Just at the rate the land of the world has been placed under cultivation has the difficulties. of the English wheat-grower incroased, and now they have reached their clinfitSfAn inquiry into the causes of the agricultural depression has been demanded, and the result of that inquiry, if it is fairly made, will be full of interest to the colonists of New Zealand.

But while politicians discuss the ques- .. .. tion, many English farms have deserted, and those in cultivation can’ only be held, as recent events have shown, at vastly reduced rents. All show that, sooner or later, an influx, of practical agriculturists, with a fair aiffbunt of capital in their pockets, must inevitably crowd into .the colonies/ It .is for. Zealand, if she cares for her own interest, . to do her best to divert the exodul oPrafS** mers from England to her shores. Hr is not now labourers but employers of, lajiojur*tliat are needed here; ancTthe ’refor'e men| with the nest-egg of a fortune we can duce to come to us the better for our * future. .

South Rakaia Road Board.—The Board did not- hold its usual yesterday, there not being a quoi'um.of members present. Another meeting, will be held on Monday. The Dromorb Grain Shed. ■— Our readers in the Droraore district ..will]£ observe that, in reply to Mr Wrigfit, Mr ’ Macandrew said the necessity for a grain shed at Dromore had not. been made ' apparent to his Government. Possibly it * may be more apparent to the new Government coining into office. '

Drunkenness in was a drunk tried by'His Worship yesterday—the first for a fortnight.. Things seemi A improving as regards the good character of the town. , : i i:7A ~r Town Hall Company.— On Mondavi, evening next, a 'meeting of the-shiiiWD' j holders in the Ashburton Town Hall Company (Limited),- will be held in the build™' ing, to consider the enlarging of the Directors’ borrowing powers, and othei* , alterations of the memorandum of Articles* of Association.

New Auction Rooms.— The hew firm of J. E. Buchanan and Co., auctioneers, &c., hold their' first- auction day, in the largo premises lately occupied by Hooper, Aitken and, Co., in Havelock street. - The auctioneer of 5 firm is the senior partner, Mr. Ji-E. Buchanan, and by him the sale to-morrow - will 1 be conducted.

The Weather.— Yesterday , was • ■ticularly disagreeable.’We have bew»i. treated to one of--those N. W. gales whicli exercised the farmers so greatly last,'ytajSSiv; Pedestrianism- has not been,pleasurable, and one has necessarily been compelled .to., absorb more than his usual daily shari'Af* * the peck of dirt supposed to 'be'’the 1 ’ ' allotted portion to be eat by hnmasii^yt w * So far, the nor’-wester cannot do a great? 13 deal of damage to the' crops, hutwAoauld dispense with it, and hot feel itlil^Pß/

Presbyterianism at Tinwald. —;Sinca the induction of the Rev. A. Mr Beattie, M. A., as Pastor.of the Ashburton Presbyterian Church, considerable attention . has been paid to this thriving" little town-"' ship. Just recently, a Sabbath , School was started which ‘now numbers forty" scholars. Last night, the Rev, Mr. Beattie held the first of a series of Thursday night services. The attendance was" not so good as it is expected to be when those services are better known, as. there are many Presbyterian families in the neighborhood. The Rev. Mr. Westbrooke was present, and - took part in the ;- service last night. , , i , Unclaimed Letters. —The following letters were received from places beyond the Colony during the month of August, , and remained unclaimed on Ist October, ■ 1877 ;—Allinham, J. : Charles, Richard ; Chritchley, W. S. ; Deacon, William; Devane, Patrick ; Frazer, John ; .Griffin, Morgan ;• Kennedy, Wm.; Kissanef‘M. ; Larkin, Andrew; Morrison, J.; Moriarty, Michael; Quinlan, Mary ; Ryan, Thos. B. ; Shary, Jas. ; Yalpy, John N,.; Vincent, S. ; "Walker, Archibald - ; Woodman, . W. D. ; Young, Lewis P. ; McAllister, Mrs. •; Modem (or Maclear), John. "• ; The Subsidies. —Ourreaderswill beglad ;s to hear that Government have paid over the subsidies due to the public bodies. This information was conveyed through the medium of a telegram fram E. Qi Wright, Esq., M.H.R., to the Chairman of the County Council yesterday. Tills ' payment will set a few thousand poundsafloat among the Road Boards, and be the"• means of finding employment for some - idle but willing hands.

The Unemployed. —At the meeting of the County Council on Wednesday Mr Reed, called attention to the fact that the Go*f vermnent were finding work for the employed in the construction of the Waipara section of the Northern railway, and asked whether it would not be competent for the Council to request- the Govern* ment to place the unemployed in this district on the same terms on the exten* : sion of the Mount Somers line. Mr. . Reed’s remarks were called forth in the course of a discussion- that arose on the application of his Worship the Mayor for a grant' in aid of the Borough Council, whose want of funds prevented them frorti affording-the work they would to the! unemployed. Mr Bullock had waited upon the Council at the request of many respectable men who were without employment.

POUNDKEEPER AX .X.SHBURTON. • —Mr W, Price, of Tinwald, will for the future take charge of, and find lodgings for, vagrant •cattle, horses, &c. As Mr Price has several years’ experience ,i& tills line, we would recommend owners of roving animals to watch their, cattle's movements, otherwise, said owners will have to shell, out a price to W. ;Price.

The Countv Ho.spitax, —To Vender this building complete, the architect, J. S. Brqco, Esq., recommended to the County Council on W ednesday, improvement*, in the direction of water supply, drainage and other necessary adjuncts to the erection. These were agreed to by the Council, and will necessarily tend towards making the Hospital one of the most perfect institutions of its class in the colony.

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The Ashburton Guardian, COUNTY AGRICULTURAL & SPORTING RECORDER. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 4, 1879. Ashburton Guardian, Volume I, Issue 4, 4 October 1879

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