The Waikato Times AND THAMES VALLEY GAZETTE.
Waikato Times, Volume XXI, Issue 1758, 11 October 1883, Page 2
The Waikato Times AND THAMES VALLEY GAZETTE.
Equal and exact justice to all men, Of li.itsoccr state or persuasion, religious or political. Here shall the Press the People's right maintain, Un.iwed by influence and unbribcd bj pain.
THURSDAY, OCT. 11, 1883.
Mn William Bowron, the Government inspector of dairy produce factories, has rendered much valuable service to the people of this colony. His pamphlet, published under the authority of the Government, has already been fully reviewed in these columns, and we need say nothing more regarding it, save that it enters exhaustively into the whole subject of the manufacture of cheese, butter and bacon, and provides plans, specifications, &c, for erecting factory buildings. But it is by no means certain that, with all his experience, Mr Bowron has hit upon the best method for adoption in this colony. In tho first place he distinctly favours the English, as against the American plan. Now, without attempting to institute an elaborate comparison between the two.it may be said that the difference between them is, broadly, this that the latter relies more upon machinery than manual labour, and requires less expensive buildings, &c. We say it is by no means certain that Mr Bowron is right, but we do not mean by tins that a better method has been discovered. The American principle has not yet received a fair trial, but the probability is that it will suit the requirements of this country better than the English system. The factory with which the name of Mr Bowron has been chiefly associated, is that at Ashburton. If we uiistake not lie uas the moving spirit in its establishment at any rate he selected and purchased the plant, superintended the erection of the buildings, and set the institution agoing. If a factory on the English plan should succeed anywhere in New Zealand, surely it ought to prosper in the p-ovincial district of Canterbury, a part of the colony which assimilates mo c closely in its climatic and other conditions to England than does any other, Further than this, Canterbury has always borne a high leputation as a dairying district it has remarkably fine pastures, and Uio farmers and graziers, generally
speaking, are practical meiij thoroughly acquainted with their business. Having said this, it may well surprise us to hear that the factory at Ashburton has not turned out such a remarkably good speculation af ten- all. On the second of the present month an extraordinary general meeting of the shareholders was hold, and from the report of that meeting which appeared in the Lyttelton Times of tho 4th, we gather that the directors are not particularly pleased with the past year's operations. In tho first place they commenced with buying the milk at 4d per gallon of lOlbs, under the impression that one gallon of milk would make a pound of cheese. They now find that it takes lOlbs 12oz of milk to make a pound of cheese, and that at the present market rates obtaining for the manufactured article, it will not pay to continue to give 4d per gallon for the raw material. Turning to the commercial columns of our Ohristchurch contemporary, we find that cheese is quoted at 4-^d in the market, and at s id packed for export, f.o.b. Under these circumstances, Mr Grrigg moved that the price of milk be reduced to 3d per gallon of lOlbs, on the understandthat after a dividend of 5 per cent had been paid to the shareholders, any balance remaining should be divided pro rata amongst the producers, provided that the •surplus accruing after the division up to 4d per gallon, be added to the reserve fund. This was a very sensible proposal, and would, had it been adopted, have introduced the co-operative element into the institution. But it was rejected in favour of a simple proposal to reduce the price per gallon to 3Jd, and to increase the gallon to lllbs. It came out at the meeting, that the company intended to ship 20 tons of cheese to the London market by the steamer Doric, having made arrangements for tho use of a cool chamber. The results of a trial shipment were also given. The company sent Home 6cwt by the British Queen, part being placed in the refrigerating chamber, part shipped as ordinary cargo, and the remainder placed in charge of the purser. Of these separate lots, the first-named arrived in the best order, and brought 60s per cwt. The other two parcels arrived in inferior condition, that sent in charge of the purser being the worst. Siucc that time they had received advices from London, announcing that in one week 1500 tons of cheese had been received from America, causing a chop in the market price of about 4s per cwt. These results are not very encouraging, certainly but it is just as well that we should study both sides of the picture. It has been urged that the prosecution of dairying on a large scale is to bring about a revolution in the condition of the farmer; the experience of the Ashburton producers has simply shown us that this very desirable change cannot be effected Avithout the exercise of clue care and foresight. That is really all. But, as if in anticipation of this, the three factory companies in Waikato commencing operations this season, have gone to work upon strictly economical principles. The buildings have been erected as cheaply as they could be with a proper regard to efficiency, and the plant is in each case on the American pattern. The Te Awamutu factory, the pioneer establishment in this district, is also being supplied with new plant of a similar description With us the main object seems to have been to reduce the cost of making as low as possible, so that, though there may be at the end of the first year no large surplus to distribute amongst the shareholders, there is a fair prospect of coming out on the right side of the ledger. Much will, of course, depend on the quality of the article turned out, and much also on the state of the English market, whither the bulk of the produce must go. Despite the non-success of the trial shipment from Ashburton, it may be taken for granted that means will be forthcoming, whereby the cheese can be exported to London, and sold for something better than sixpence per pound.
Horsemen and others are now prohibited from going over the Karapiro bridge at Cambridge at other than a walking pace.
An extraordinary meeting of the Taotaoroa Road Board called for Tuesday last fell through for want of a quorum.
A public meeting will be held in the Public Hall, Alexandra, on (Saturdaynext, at 8 p.m., to appoint a committee to cniry out the usual annual Christinas sports in that township.
The portion of the Hamilton Domain near the Lake to be improved has been laid off, and the contractor for ploughing, fencing, &c, will commence work at once.
The tramway at Waiorongomai, which has been in course of construction for &ome considerable time past, hah now been completed. The entire cost of the work is roughly estimated at €17,500.
The unnecessary delay which has been experienced in the opening of the railway-line to Morrinsville, notwithstanding that the formation has been completed some years past, was strongly adverted to at yesterday's meeting of the Fiako County Council, at Cambridge, and steps were taken to reprebent the matter to the Government.
The supply of milk at the Waikato Cheese and Bacon Factory is steadily on the increase, though the weather is still greatly against the producers. The size of the cheeses has now been fixed at about 401bs, which is considered the best adapted for all purposes.
We are pleased to record the great progress made by the Hamilton Choral Society. At their practice last night some difficult operatic selections weie well rendered. The society assist^ at the entertainment to be Riven on 23rd inst., in aid of the funds of the Catholic Church, and we feel sure will acquit themselves better than ever.
At the Police Court, Hamilton, on Tuesday, before Mr J. B. Whyte, J.P., Charles JPlonnigs, a German, was t charged with having been drunk and incapable on the previous night at Hamilton East. He was fined ss, and costs, with the usual alternative.
In another column will be found the programme of the race meeting to be held under the auspices of the Piako Turf Club on the 30th November (S. Andrew s Day). The amounts of the prizes will be filled in at an early date— as soon as the committee can determine upon what amount of pbJi^-svilPPPrt^heys.yfiU .meet 1 ViVC 'it t>
with; but we are in a position to say that with present jirospetit? the inducements offered will be sufficient to ensure large competition. The Piako meetings have always boon liberally patronised, and this year'w races promise to be as successful as any.
At Tuesday's sitting of the Auckland Diocesan Synod, the following resolution, moved by Mr McMillan, was agreed to That a committee be appointed to consider, take action, and report upon the immediate formation of a charitable aid society to consist of the Right Rev. the Bishop of the Diocese, Archdeacons Pritt and Dudley, Rev. Mr Tebbs, Colonel Haultain, Mr (i. P. Pierce, and the mover." The mover and Messrs Upton and Pierce, in supporting the motion, said there was a large amount of distress in the city, for the relief of which, since the stoppage of the Ladies' Benovolent Society, there was no organisation.
Mr J. P. Campbell delivered his lecture on "Byron and Burns" to a very largo audience at Tuesday evening'b meeting of the Cambridge Mutual Improvement Association. The lecturer, who was received with applause, commenced hi-> discourse by comparing the lives, characteristics, fortunes, and temperaments of the two poets, and in the cour.se of his lecture lead some of the best passages and pieces from the works of both. These, it is needless to hay, affoided both instruction and entertainment, and the lecturer throughout carried his audience with him. A hearty vote of thanks was accorded Mr Campbell at the conclusion for his kindness in preparing such an able lecture.
The Saturday Review has an article ipon the unwisdom of allowing cricket, as is only too surely though gradually occurring, to fall into the hands of professional players. It concludes the article with these woids We are to some extent fortified m the opinions we have ventured to express by what we understand is occuriing in Axistralia. There the dihtinction between the amateur and professional player is not .so well marked as it is here. Ihe piofeosional, in the strict sense of the word, is the ground bowler, but all the great players such, for example, as the members of the eleven which played in England last year -are paid, and home make cricket their'principle source of income. There are very few people, we undeihtand, in the position of the so-called gentleman player in England the result is that disagieeable incidents are not uncommon, and that the game is played with a keenness, and greed very different from the good feeling which Ls almost invaiiable result of making cricket a business, and it is an evil we should desire to postpone in this country as long as possible.
The Hawkes Bay Spring Meeting, which coininonced.it Napier on Tuesday, was, fiom a lacing point of view, most successful, but the attendance of the public was not large, no doubt owing to the heavy continuous rain which fell dm ing the day. The following are the results The (luineas was won by Captain Russell's Ehuopetn, the Handicap Hurdle Race by Doubtful, the Spring Handicap, of 200sovs., by Leonata, with Leonora second, and the Laird third. The winner of the Guineas also pulled off the Maiden Plate, and Leonora the Flying Handicap. The Hack Hurdles and the Hack Race fell to OJundagai, who won both events easily. Captain Russell secured three events, and ran a good second for the Spiiug Handicap.
The "Vagabond" writes to the Argus under dato Tanna, Sept. 3 I find that the feeling against the French amongst the Natives of the island is very stiong indeed. Most of them have been engaged in Fiji, Queensland or New Caledonia, and they are more intelligent than the majoiity of tha inhabitants of the New Hebrides. At the same time they are more bloodthhsty and cruel, and it is. their nature to fight and kill. Few white men are able to stop here. There are now two missionaries and one trader only, Godfrey Khyn, a Norwegian, who wishes to purchase land around the volcano containing sulphur deposits. All the tribes interested will sell, but only on the express .stipulation that the land is never to pass into the hands of the French. The chiefs tell me that if annexation is attempted by France they will rejoin and resist. All of them aie well armed with .Snider lines. They are at constant war with each other. A man was .shot on the beach «i week ago 30 yards from where I am stopping. The missionary efforts here bear little fruit. I am making aiivmgement for a truce and a general meeting of the chiefs, when, if any satisfactory expiession of opinion is arrived at, I shall prepaie a petition to the Queen in favour of annexation to Cheat Britain for their signatiue."
There is no desire," observes the Pall Mall (layette, outside of ceitain groups of interests and not ovev scrupulous speculators, to deal ungenerously by M. do Lesseps. Still less is there anything like a wish that we .should abuse our military and diplomatic porition in Egypt to compel the Khedive to violate an obligation thought to be leg.illy and morally binding merely for the bake of .suiting our commei cial conveniences. It is .satisfactory to find the Government courageously holding to this line. Lord Gramille emphasised in the House of Lords the words that he had used in replying to a deputation in April last. Even if v, c had been the conquerors, of the country,' he said, I think the views of modern civilisation would haveiendeied it perfectly impossible for u& to do anything ourselves, or to foice the Egyptian Government to do it, that would have been illegal or unjust towards an Egyptian Company composed chiefly of foreigners.' Yet that is what the bandit school of politicians have been for mouths saying that we ought to have done and ought to do now. The same journal later on, however, observed The general Englibh view of all commei cial undertakings implies competition. But it is woith remembering that the general Fiench point of view implies monopoly, not only as against foreigners, but as against themselves. Their great enterpiises, their railways, their omnibuses, even to a great extent their trade, are all managed on this principle. We may prove that the piinciple is wrong, but it ib folly not to lemember that the Fiench regard it as sound, and habitually take it for the guide of their policy. We may bbande and naturally we think that we are quite light in saying a highway of the orld ought not to be a monopoly. To a Frenchman, however, this is not only not self-evident his presumption is that it is untrue.
Mr J. E. Redmond, M.P., the exponent of Home Rule, addressed the people of Auckland at the Theatre Royal last Monday night. Mv Leahy was called to the chair, and introduced Mr Redmond, who was received with much enthusiasm. The speaker clearly expounded the nature and meaning of the political term, Home Rule," showing that there was a misconception and misapplication of this term by the generality of the public that the Irish in asking for Home Rule asked only to be allowed to exercise the .same rights and piwileges of governing themselves as were enjoyed by the colonies and other dependencies of England. The speaker then pioceeded to unfold the proposed .schemes for the government of Ireland were Home Rule granted, and the manner in which they should be carried out. The Imperial Parliament was to legislate in Imperial matteis concerning both countries. He showed that the Imperial Parliament was already so much overworked that it could not attend to many important measures for several sessions. The empire was too extensive to be governed properly by one parliament. At the close of the lecture Mr Mcllhone proposed, and Mr Reilly seconded the f ollowing motion, which being put to the meeting was carried unanimously That this meeting approve of the principle of Home Rule, as expounded by Mr Redmond, and pledges itself to assist in every constitutional way to further the cause which he so ably advocates; and in order to give substantial aid to it, that subscription lists be opened, and kept in circulation until such time as the necessary reform be obtained for the people of Ireland. The sum of £225 towards the funds of the liish National League was subsci'ibed at the close of the meeting.
Rats and Mice. —lf you wish to destroy them get a packet of Hill'sMAgic Vermin Killkr in packet?, 6d, 9d, and Is, to be obtained of all storekeepers, or from T. B. Hill by enclosing an extra stamp. You will do well to furnish your house from Garlick and CranwelFs. They have now the most complete 'Furnishing' Warehouse in Auckland, furniture to suit all classes, good strong, <md cheap. They have Tapestry Carpets .rom 2s 3d per yard, Brussels from Ss lid per yard. Linoleum. from 3s 9d to ss, Oil Cloths from Is 6d to 4s 6d per yard, good 12 feet wide Oil Cloths at 3s 6d per yard. Immense assortment of Iron Bedsteads from Infants' Cots to 5 feet wide half-tester Bedsteads. Double iron Bedsteads from 255. >80 Bedsteads in stock to select from. Beddings of all kinds and sizes kept in readiness. Dining, Sitting, Drawing-room Furniture, and and a large assortment of Manchester are Furnishing Gfiods, including a lot 'of Cndtonnes. Book Catalogues, sent free j to intendmg; purcßasers/ Garlick ;andi'Cranwslf; andi'Cranw$lf Qity f alJ>rc»deC9^e^»tte^,Ai<*l^J