Rodney and Otamatea Times, Waitemata and Kaipara Gazette , 1 July 1914, Page 3
THE FRUIT TREES OF JAPAN;.
> j Among the many ways of f&eir own that the Japanese have for doing things is their system of pruning and training fruit trees. The system is called "tana," and consists in training the branches overhead on trelliswork, made of bamboo or wire, supported on wooden posts about five and a half feet high. This offers advantages in gathering the fruit, and not only serves to protect trees against wind and storms,' but is said to increase production. Only very light pruning is done, and that usually in the winter time.