LATEST ENGLISH NEWS. [From the Melbourne Argus, April 11.]
New Zealand Spectator and Cook's Strait Guardian, Rōrahi IX, Putanga 913, 3 Haratua 1854, Page 3
LATEST ENGLISH NEWS. [From the Melbourne Argus, April 11.]
The Australian Steam Navigation Company's new steamer City of Sydney, sailed from Glasgow on the 22nd January, and anchored yesterday about 1 1 o'clock in Hobsbn's Bay. Our latest paper from London l is l Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper, of Sunday, 22nd January, — published of course on the- Saturday, so that the news from the metropolis is just four days later than that received byHhe Crasus."£he following article from this -paper z continues the history of the war, and records the latest-events "The period of suspense which' irfust' elapse before the answer of the Russian Government to the intimation that the mavitinle r powers have entered the Black Sea can be known, has now reached tho highest pitch of intensity, and eu««ests the largest amount of "speculation. Until the arrival of the next advices from St. Petersburg, which may be expected from hour to hour, we cannot relieve the public from this uncertainty, and we are not disposed to accredit any of the vague reports to which such a state of Ihings unavoidably gives rise. Upon the 9th inst., the courier had arriven at St. Pc tersburg, who conveyed to Sir Hamilton Seymour the despatch of the British Government. M. de Eeizet, who was sent on a special mis eion to convey this important declaration on behalf of the French Government in similar if not identical terms, arrived on the ] Oth or 1 ] th, and on the 12th, which is, according to the old style, the last day of the year, the ministers of the two powers made their communication to the Russian minister of foreign affairs ; but there our information at this moment stops. The occupation of the Black Sea by the maritime forces of England and France so far resembles the passage of the Pruth by the Russian army last July, that it may or may not be regarded as a casus belli by the Emperor Ni- ,
chotas. "'lt-is, in fact, a far less' decided act of wai than the invasion of a neighbouring"territory, which Russia was bound by express treaty to respect, except under certain conditions that had not occurred. 1- ' - * ' The entry, of the^fleets intathe Black Sea is> in itself no breach of treaty or of -right, nor even an act of hostile import; The allied powers have, however, gone further, and-afforded their protection to a Turkish convoy bound for Batoum or Trebizond with reinforcements, which is a clear participation in a.n act of hostility, and their instructions empower them to' go further still, inasmuch as they may not only afford protection to "the .Turkish forces, hut are authorised'to compel any. Russian vessels of war or transports to return to Sevastopol-:- The court of Russia may, if it thinks St, resist such an . interference with its belligerent rights on the first intimation given to it,of this intended proceeding ; and if it adopt 1 this course it will at once recall its ministers from London and Paris preparatory to a declaration of war. But if the Emperor still chooses to temporise, he may content himself for tig-jiresenJ^xith P'°testing against the threatening attitude of the maritime powers, and he may wait the occurrence of some positive act. of coercion or violence in the Black Sea before jh'e. resorts to counter hostilities. We do not cremfc^he rumor that'the Emperor of Russia has already 'caused jt to, be distinctly intimated at Vienna"- or elsewhere that He is predetermined to reject the teH'ns, whatever they may be, agreed upon by the Turkish government, and the other powers 1 of "Europe. It can hardly be supposed that the Austrian government and the representatives of tne p'tner three powers at Vienna would have stultified themselves by signing a protocol on the 13th of January and despatching 'to St. Petersburg a communication which the Emperor Nicholas hnd already refused to receive. Upon the receipt of the last despatches from Constantinople, with the assent of thVporte to the terms proposed, the conference at Vienna immediately adopted this scheme of pacification without-any alteration or delay, and the note was forwarded to Russia on Monday last. The. German powers were net less decided than England and France in the tei or of their respective envoys, directing them to urge in the strongest manner on the cabinet of St. Petersburg the adoption of .this proposal. At this time it wiil be remarked that.they were acquainted with the intended occupation of the Black Sfa by the combined fleets. The Pone required that the note should be accepted or rejected within forty days from January 2nd. If accepted, the 'principalities are to be evacuated within twenty days afterwards. Tn the meanwhile, the progress^ of events in the principalities is ominously sugi^es/ive of the perils which the aggressor's, obstinacy and violence are bringing upon hiipgelf ax>d on his country. Further information's, no douht, still necessary, before an accurate estimate can be formed of the probable con?equence % 3 which may result from the lecent operations on the Danube. . Advices from Vienna, of the 15th i- stant, con film the sqccesj-iye defeats «f the Russidns near. Kalafat, and give further particulars. In -proportion- to^th^^ftuiwtJefs en^age^- nothing like the carnage and bloodshed of jhe ba'tlea fought on the 6fb. 7lh, Bth, ,9th, and .10th instant .have been heard of in Europe * ince the taking of Ismael. The batilc, which began on the 6.h, was introduced by a scries of comb its and skirmishes, the re?ult of an a> tempt nude by the Russian comm .nder to march r & frjee' into Lesser Wall->ci'ia to suppress fng^insjirrec ion which had taken place amongtjt le in favor of tHe Turks. The Oitum'in'commander felt bound in honor to re-i-t tois proceeding-,, and Sfht at first ligh 1 horse and afterwards infantry and artillery to oppose the adv'anre of the Ru^s'aiis. The Ru&s an advices received through Vienna ptate that when theJFurks attacked thetai at Citalu on the 6th, feb^eir own number was but 10,000; a letter, however, dated Krajowa, January 4, reveals thut at that date the Russians had 22,000 men -between that town and Kalafat. The critical battle , -was fought on the Bth, when the R'ussians'ipst the enormous number of 5000 killed and wounded. The bayonet and the Minie rifle Ayere, as at Oltenitza, the weapons most in request ; although the artillery did great execution on ,both sides. As at Oltenitza, also, ihe Russian officers suffered severely, nnd it is said that two Russian generals (Aurep and T,uuiont£) were badly wounded. On the 10th the lurks, having driv n the enemy to Krajowa. were led back to Knlafat. The frost had lroken up and the ice in the Danube having almost entirely disappeared,, no further difficulty ,was e*pe- j rienced by tlia Tuiks at Kalafat in maintaining their communication with Widdin. - A letter from Orsova, of the 7th, informs us that on the last day of the old year there ! was fighting on three points-^-namely, .at Kalafat, Turnn, and Giurgevo. T. tie .Russians would not tolerate the circulations ofe-aoy reports in the principalities^bout the; event, but gave out themselyes that "they held $1 their positions." The RussiaV hospitals were" filling with the woundad, who,- to avoid excitement, weie brought into the town in the night. The precaution, however, only stimula'ed the imagination of the people. From Bucharest we learn that on the Ist and 2nd instant, waggons full of wounded were arriving both by night and by day ; as the city could hold no more, the villages round were made to take charge of the sufferers. J t The insurrection of the Wallachians will relieve Omar Pacha from the necessity of employing his troops in disquieting the eiiennVs retreat, but it is not improbable that he rmvjr have "already taken steps for a second and still, more decisive attack. Although prior to the battle of Citale, no information from the principalities had been allowed to pass to the west of Vienna, the accounts which have been received from Constantinople, confirmed by fragmentary statements in the German papers proved thaTijhe Ottoman army had, in the middle of Dec!, obtained important successes in the country between the Schyl and the Aluta. According to the Swabian Mercury, General Danneriburg's left wing was completely defeated at Karakai — a position the • importance of which is great, commanding as it does the communication from Bucharest and Kalafat. This victory, whatever may have been its nature, has been cautiously suppressed by the Russian officials who super-
intend the transmission of news ; but it seem? I probable that it may have formed an essential i part of the operations which have ended, for thp present in the battle of Citale. i We learn that almo*t simultaneously with the an ival of the orders for the occupation of the Euxine by the fleets of England and France, the late transitory ebullition in Constantinople had completely subsided . and the recent victories in Lesser Wallaehia will equally serve to reassure the popular mind and to guarantee the maintenance of tranquillity. Going back to the entrance of the fleets into the Black Sen, vre learn that the Retribution has been despatched to Sebastopol on the 2nd January, before the fleets to demand the surrender of the English engineers captured.on boird the Medari Tidjaret and the Egyptian frigate by the Russians. The Retribution had ateo on board an English and a French officer, who respectively bore to the Governor of Sebastopol the following letter from their ambassadors :—: — "To the Governor of Sebaatopol. — Conformably with the orders of my government, the British [French] squadron, in concert w,th" that of Fiance [England] is on the point of appearing in the Black Sea. The object of the movement is to protect the Ottoman .territory from all aggression or hostile act. I apprise your. Excellency thereof with a view to pi event all collision tending to disturb-'tfter amicable relaT j tions existing between our govermuents^hich I 1 am desirous of preventing, and which, no doubt, your Excellency, is equally anxious to maintain. To this e->d I should feel happy to learn that your Excellency, animated by these intentions, has deemed it expedient to give the requisite instructions to the admiral commanding the Russian forces in the Black Sea, so as to obviate any occurrence calculated to endanger peace." The letters of both ambassadors are precisely in tl.ese terms, and with the last word underlined as above. „, We learn with pleasure, since the receipt of the above, that the Russian admiral has, of his own accord, released the two English engineers, who were taken prisoners on board the captured Turkish steamers. It appears that at Constantinople, on the entrance of the combined fleets, M. de Bruck and M. de Wildenbruck, drew up a written remonstrance with regard to that act of the western powers. We are told, however, that the cabinets of Berlin and Vienna have blamed the indiscretion of their ambassadors, and disavowed the document which their representatives had drawn up, and that, whatever representations they have made in consequence of the movements of the fleets, have been verbal and "officious." The commander of the Russian flotilla in the sea of Azoff had sent one of his aides-de-carep to Sebastopol to explain how critical his position was. Two corps of 12,000 men each were ready to be embarked at Sebastopol the moment the decision was known. This operation t>f war, however, has been paralysed by the movement of the combined fleets, and the flotilla is thus cut off from all assistance. The Turks are rapi.'ly forgetting- the disaster at Sinope, and making redoubled exertions to prosecute tli c war in the spring. The greatest'activity prevails in the navy yards, the troops are constantly being exercised, and the forces greatly increased. Letters from St. Petersburg speak of a 1 fanatic feeling which extends throughout the whole Russian empire against the Turks and their allies, a feeling which the Russiangovei nment has done its best to excite and influence. We have already spoken of the voluntary gifts to the exhausted tnasury. It is now said that the Russian cl. rgy have offered 60,000,000f. to the Emperor ; the government of Kowno l,500,000f; that of Moscow 8,000,000f ; and the average amount from the seventy-two governments is estimated at about 2,000,000f. each. The same letters state th:it the views of the czar are less directed towards Europe for territorial aggrandisement than to Asia. We subjoin also the following postscript, 4ated Friday afternoon, 20th January, which is the latest intelligence contained in the Lloyds. Lloyd's Weekly Newspaper Office, Frida3 r afternoon, 21st January,
Russia and Turkey. — The latest private letters from the coasts of ths Black Sea announce that the Russians were making very significant dispositions at Sebastopol, and along the whole south eastern coast of the Crimea.' They were organising ou the different strategetic points, defensive works, and coast batleries, for sweeping the sea j they had just altered the direction of the light-houses erected for guiding ships through dangerous passes, and to secure anchorage. Finally, they hftd '' just given orders to these battalions which form the vanguard of the mili-ary colony, and which has its centre of organisation in the province, to enter the town as a reinforcement to^the regular garrison, which had before acquired its- war complement. j The following telegraphic despatches were received this morning :—: —
Vienna, Thursday evening. A despatch from Constantinople, dated January 9, says that instructions have heen given to the admirals to protect all Turkish vessels of convoy, which are to keep close to the Turkish coast, so as to prevent, if possible, all hostile operations on the European *nd Asiatic coasts, and to aviod all collision. They are to salute the Russians as usual. The English division consists of ten ships of the line, one frigate, and seven steamers. A Russian division of twenty four sail was said to have appeared off Batoum. Prince Gortschakoff arrived at Krajova on the' 13th. The Russians had 2,700 killed m the recent affair; Turks, 1,100. Other Constantinople advices of the same date have been received, On the sth, Lord Stratford de Redcliffe issued a tranquillising circular, stating that the object of Admiral Dun- Lias was the protection of Turkish interests without disturbing friendly relations with Russia. Fourteen Russian ships of war had been seen steering towards Sebastopol. Armaments continue. A portion of the combined fleets will take up a position at Sinope, and another at Sebastopol. The hopes of peace are small. Friendly relations have been resumed between Persia and England. Prospects of aVeconciliation with Turkey exist. The 1 Trieste Zeitung has advices from Kra-
jova, of the 13th inst. No encasement has! taken place since the 10th. 35,000 Turks j were concentrated at Kalafat. BucHAursT, Jan. 10. — Prince Woronzoffjs_ dangerously ill. The following extracts will be found interesting :—: — The Russians in the Principalities. — A letter from Bucharest, of the 3rd, says :—" The Russians treat Moldo-Wallachia as a conquered province, about to be annexed to their empire. They exercise all the powers belonging to sovereign authority. Not content with making this unfortnnate country pay all the j expenses of the war with Turkey, they compel it to bear all ihe burden of the extraordinary expenses which they have thought it right to incur to celebrate the birthday of their sovereign. A decree of the imperial commissary, issued on the command of Prince Gortschakoff, orders the administrative Council to complete, within a month, the force of the Wallachian militia, as it is capable of rendering great service. Tin's levy is to be of 918 men. In ad. dition' to this, it is declared that the soldiers whose term of service expires with the present year, shall remain in the army until they receive new orders. The Wallachian infantry continues to be employed in guarding ammunition and prisoners, and in escorting waggon trains. Prince Stirbv, on learning 'that the Emperor of Russia had accorded to him an annual pension of 1000 ducats, on the g-ound that he had resigned, energetically protested ngainst it ; and he has repeated the terms of the letter which he addressed at the moment of j his departure to the administrative Council -? a letter by which he formally declared that be only went away provisionally, and until he should rpceive new orders. M. John Mano, Secretary of State, and M. John Bibesco, Minister .of Worship, and brother of Prince Stirbey, have j resigned their functions ; they have been replaced by Messrs. Philippesco and Statiniano. ( The Wallachians lose in M. Mano a zealous [ and intelligent defender, and the Russians get rid of a personage who controlled their act*, ' and opposed them often. The violence of M. de Khalsschinski in all tbe discussions of the council, afforded M. Mano the opportunity he had long aought of retiring from affairs. It is i probable that the ether members of the ministry will not be long in following his example, ! in order not to be instruments of Russian domination in their country. A combat has taken place in the district of Mehedinz, between the Wallachians and the Cossacks; the latter were repulsed with loss. At Isverila, also, the villagers rose a few days ago. A colonel at the head of his Cossacks hastened to them, but not being able to pacify them, he had recourse to force. A sanguinary conflict took place — women and children were massacred ; but the advantage remained with ihe Wallacbians. They, however, then destroyed two of their villages jo prevent them from falling into the hands of the Russians, and retired to the camp of Ismaik Pacha. The inhabitants of fourteen villages of the district of Mehedinz on the banks of the Danube, between Kalafat and Czenitz, weary of the persecutions of the authorities of the country, have likewise risen and placed themselves under the protection of Ismail Pacha." These villages form part of the frontier guard. The male inhabitants are all well armed, and most of them have been in the militia. General Englehard has taken for all the winter the ye&- ; sels of private persons which were in the port of Ibraila, saying that he required them for his transports. No Wallachian soldier took part in the affair of Matchin on the 13th." Kalafat, of which so much has been said lately, is a town of 2,000 houses, is surrounded ' with walls, has a quarantine, a town hall, a custom-house, three churches, and a cavalry barracks. Tt is the chief place of a subadministrator's district. The redoubts raised by the Turks are of great extent and very strong. They are partly raised on two high hills in the plain of Kalafat, about a mile distant from each other, and have a numerous artillery. All the neighboring country is commanded by these hills in such a way that no approach to the Danube can be made. In 1828 these hills were occupied and fortified by the Russians. Between Widdin and Kalafat the Danube is little less than a mile wide, and the course of it is very rapid. The island on which the Turks are fortified is situated near the left bank ; it ia partly covered with wood, and is defended by strong entrenchments in earth, bearing large artillery. Above Widdin, the Turks have constructed a »ew citadel, according to all the rule 3 of art. We copy the following important intelligence from the Times : —
Pakis, Wednesday Night. — Two private despatches from Vienna and Berlin announce that the Emperor of Russia has positively rejected the propositions of the Conference of Vienna. This news produced a considerable fall at the 'Bourse. Threes closed at 74f. ; four-and-a-half cents. 95f. - ' t
Bbrt.in, Wednesday Night. — St. Petersburg advices of -i the 12th report the arrival of M. de Reizet with the French categorical note. It was -presented' simultaneously with the English note of the same character, which Sir Hamilton Seymour received some days previously. . The Coupcil of Ministers was in deliberation on these notes> but had not determined on their answer. There seemed little doubt that the entry of the fleets into the Black Sea would be regarded as a hostile act by the Emperor of Russia, and the state of the public feeling manifested great irritation against France and England. The Court Gazette of the 9th publishes a most violent article against England. The closing prices of consols on Thursday were, for account and for money, 9 If to 92. The reported rejection of the Vienna propositions by the Czar produced considerable sensation on the Stock Exchange. English funds experienced a decline of f per cent. Consols opened buyers at 92, and, after oscillating [ for a time within a range of per cent., receded in the afternoon to 91 f, and recovering closed at 9 lf. The British Fleets in the Black Sea. — We have already announced that the French and English naval forces have entered the Black Sea. We are enabled to state, however, that 'Admiral Dundas has taken with him about half of his foree — namely, four-line-of-battle ships and five steamers, exclusive of the Jwo steam
ers detached. The following is the division and distribution-: —
; In the Black — Skips of-the-Line.— *- grifanniu, 120, Captain fVtw. with the flag* of the commander in chief, Vice- Admiril Dundas ; Agamemncn, 91, screw, Captain Symonds, flagship of Rear- Admiral Sir E. Lyons, second in command; Rodney, 90, Captain Charles Graham, CB. ; Vengeance, 84, Captain Lord Bussell ; Sanspareil, 71, screw. Captain R. C. Dacres.
Paddle Steam-Frigates. — Terrible. 22, Captain M'Cleverty ; Furious, 16, Cantain Loring; Tiger, 17, Captain Giffard ; Firebrand, 6, Captain Hyde Parker ; Sampson, 6. Captain Jones.
At Skbastopol. — Retribution, 28, paddle 'frigate, Captain Hon. J. Tt. Drumrhond, bad been sent to Sebastonol with the caution of the British ambassador that tt would be dangerous for the heroes of Sinope to show their noses out of port.
At Sinope. — Inflexible, 8, paddle-sloop, had been sent to Sinope to warn the Russians off from a «econd visit.
At. Constantinople.' — The following force remained at Constantinople, Jan. 1 : — Trafal-.. gar, 120, Captain Greville ; Queen*. 116, Captain Mitchell "London % 90, Captnin Eden; Albion, 90, Captain Lushington ; BellerophonJ 78, Capt'aiilXord G. Paiilet ; Leander, 50, Captain Kingf; -Arethma, 50, Captain Mends 1 ; tfiger screw, 14,- Commander Heath ; Fury, paddle, 6. Commander Tathara. The latter was waiting the arrival of the mails, when she would overtake the admiral in the Black Sea.
Thk Black Sea. — For four- centuries the Black Sea has been closed against the war fleets of the western powers. Since the Genoese and the Venetians had their trading stations on its shores, — whence came to Europe the silks of Cashmere, the diamonds of Golconda, and the spices of Ceylon — that sea has become the unknown water of the world. No good chart of it exists. The admirals of France and England are^in ignorance as to its soundings, currents, winds, and shoals. Sir Thomas Lyons is the only officer of the royal navy who had ever been in its waters," until the recent entry of the fleets. Yet our trade with the Provinces of the Black Sea is large ; and it might be enormous in extent, in variety, and in political advantage. When the Genoese had their war stations and their factories in the Bosphorus, the returns of their traffic with Sinope, Trebizond, Circassia and the Crimea, not to speak of the vast interchanges of the Danube, were like the revenues of kingdoms. Out of these returns were built the marble palaces of Genoa, Pisa, Venice, and Livorno — palaces which make the beauty of Italy and command the admiration of the traveller, as habitations built for a race of gods rather than for sucb a people as now lie lazily about the silent quays of the peninsula. With the Genoese the trade declined. When foreign fleets were denied an entrance into the Black Sea, merchants' fleets refused to enter, until at length that noble sea became a Russian lake, and the glorious nationalities on its borders, and on the banks of its tributaries, were cut away from all communication and connection with mankind. Once again it is open. English and French flgefs ride proudly _pn its waters. They will never again quit it, if the true interests of oar trade, our honor, and our influence sway the councils of our rulers. Russia has no more right to close the Black Sea, than we should have to close the Mediterranean, or Denmark the Baltic. The right of treaty she has lost. She should never be allowed to regain her forfeit. While she can c ] ose the Dardanelles agains^tbe war ships of the maritime powers, she" sits at home in the midst of her slaves, trampling on law and justice, careless of the execratidns of mankind. A score of English, I French, and American ships of war cruising off Odessa, and ready to make common cause with the millions of oppressed serfs of that land of wpr-se than Egyptian bondage, would keep the ; Empixor in his senses. Can any one imagine that the Cossacks would have passed the Pruth had our English bluej ickets been off Febastopol-instead of Valetta ? Would the Russians have dared to have entered Hungary with an American squadron at the mouth of the Danube? Russia was allowed to interfere because the nations, which represent liberty and civilization were far away. We could not prevent, — it was useless to prote c t. Kad the union jack been afloat ' in the Black Sea, the Cossacks would assuredly have staved at home.
Manning the Navt. — On the 1 7ih January, by command of the Lords of the Admiralty, placards were extensively circulated throughout the metropolis, inviting landsmen to enter the navy. The description of men to he entered is as follows : — They must be between nineteen and twenty-four, active, stout, nnd able-bodied, five feet seven inches in height, and in all respects healthy* and fit for the naval service, the preference being, given to those young men who have been used to boats. Iti addition to the royal naval rendezvous on Tower-hill, and the Crocodile receiving ship off the Tower, men will be received and entered by making' application ' on board the flag-ships at any of the naval ports or at the rendezvous at Liverpool and Bristol, and to the agents for transports at Leith. A chapter is proposed to be applied for, for power to -consolidate all the existing lines of ! telegraph- under one uniform system. 'General Viscount Beresford, G.C.8,, who, j early in January, expired at his seat in Kent, j was a natural son of the first Marquis of Waj terford, and is known chiefly for his military I services. , Lord Harris, whose period of service as goveruor o Trinidad, will shortly expire, has been offered the Governorship of Madras. I The Elfiperor of the French has sent £40 in aid of the funds of the Society for the relief of the French poor in England. A munificent manufacturer in Leicester has undertaken,, to provide underclothing — shirts, stockingV, and drawers for a thousand Turkish soldier*. > ' The^electric telegraph was, during the severe weather,^ used to mitigate the inconvenience of intercepted commercial documents, and to prevent thef noting of bills for unexplained nonpayment^ But all traders, it seems, had not taken that precaution ; and the noting of more than five" hundred bills in London, while the stockbrokers and sharebrokers were snowballing each other at Liverpool, illustrates the social anarchy occasio: td by a season which overturns a 1 human arrangements. The success of the new Stump Act is ira-
tnense. Already £400,000 more than Mr. Gladstone calculated has been realised. Some thirty-five millions have been sold. It is said that Ministers, by way of earnest of their intention towards the rest of the country, have resolved on the creation of four new metropolitan boroughs, as the first result of the Corporation inquiry. "Land and rank," says the Spectator, " possesses nearly four hundred members of Parliament, literature and science somewhere about nineteen. We do not want the proportions reversed, but we do want them very considerably altered." Documents appear in the Government Gazette showing that perfect reciprocity in trade between Great Britain and the Papal States, arranged by Cardinal Antonelli and Mr. Scarlett, has been ratified by the British Government. The sum of £100,000, contributed as a memorial to the memory of the Duke of Wellington, is to be devoted to tha foundation of a college to be called the Wellington College, for the education of children of deceased military -officers. Alakming Collision on the Great Northern Railway. — On Sunday morning, the 15th January, a serious collision occurred on this line of railway, at the Knaresborough junction, between a coal train and the Edinburgh night express, which left King's Cross station on Saturday evening, at 9.15. It appears thst a coal train, consisting of engine, 'break-van, and about twenty-four waggons, were just emerging from the Knaresborough junction to get on the main line, when the Edinburgh express came up at the same moment, at full speed, and dashed into the mineral train with great violence. We are informed that a first-class carriage was smashed to pieces, and four passengers seriously injured, bot we have not been able to learn their names, or the precise nature of their injuries. A considerable amount of property was broken, and and the driver and stoker had a fortunate escape. The passengers injured are all doing -well. Russian War Steamers Building in British Ports. — Newcastle-on-Tyne, Wednesday. Two screw-steamers, 140 feet each in the keel, are building in the Tyne, ostensibly for Russian merchants, really for the Russian Government, and their engines are being executed with great despatch in a large work in this town. The seafaring population in the northern coal ports are indignant, and no Russian war vessel would ever be allowed to leave 'the Tyne. The Queen's speech was to have been read by Lord Aberdeen at the Si ate banquet to be given by his Lordship on Monday, the 30th of January, to a party of members of the Upper House, comprising all the officers of her Majesty's household that are peers, the cabinet ministers having seats in the House of Lords, together with the mover and seconder of the address. A privy council will be held previously the same day, at which the Queen's Banction of the speech will be obtained. •The Queen and Royal Family will return to 'Osborne Palace, Isle of Wight, the second week in March, at which time t'^e Fairy «rill have received her new boilers, aud be in readiness to receive the royal party. The Duchess of Hamilton, while on her way to London from the north, wts caught by the 6now- storm at Warrington, and no beds being •procurable, iiad, along with her three children, to sleep in the railway carriage all night. In Glasgow, the deaths from cholera in December last numbered 144.; from diarrhaca 87. At the Greendyke-street model Lodging■house, 770 persons wore accommodated last week, 544 males paying 3d. per night.