Maoriland Worker, Volume 12, Issue 259, 25 January 1922, Page 5
Sent by Evelyn Sliazp for' ihe Foreign Editor the Lo_a~ doa '"Bally. Herald"
November 16, 1921. The Cam^oMag-i.
One has to by -very optimistic, and a little blind, to echo tha cheers of the Washington Conference over Mr. Hughes' opening pronouncement of Naval Armament limitation. It is i true enough that to cut down even j capital ships is something. It mean 3 i a certain economy in swords, which,! if beaten at ouce into plough-shares may mean also a step taken towards; reconstruction instead of destruction, i It means' a check to the ntad race in armaments, which, was leading the world headlong to ruin aad bank-; ruptcy. But -Labor may be forgiven i for not' thinking that it means more than that, or even ,&s much as that In view of rumours that "'counter- j proposals'' are to foa submitted by I the British. If America's proposal is, however, accepted as it stands, how far does that take us towards world peace, which, after all, is what' the cheers at Washington envisaged? The demand for the consideration of; land armaments is a sound one from i our point of view, .as well aa Europe's. Ag long 'as navies are lira- ited, but not armies or aeroplanes, j Franca may merely gain the suprem- acy that we lo.se under, the arrange- ment. With Germany disarmed, France is now the predominant land foro.e in Europe, backed as she is 'by h*r satellites in Poland, Serbia and; Roixmanitt. Economy .in building ships, though estimable from the standpoint <>i economy, is not going o stop the nest war, though it may j alter its character and its battle- j ground. j i Peace and Policy It would be idle to shut one's eyes to the fact that unless we stop pranking wars means will always be found to carry on wars. Tha other day. Doctor Lyttelton, '.x-headmasler of Kton College, stated in a speech that HE KNEW FOR A FACT THAT THE WAR OFFICE AUTHORITIES HAD REQUESTED THS LEADING SCIENTIFIC EXPERTS AT OX-' FORD AND CAMBRIDGE TO PRO-; CEED WITH THE OF j A GAS CALCULATED TO A?.NIHIL-j ATE A WHOLE TOVt'N IN A FEWj MINUTES. IT IS r U> THEIR; CREDIT THAT THEY REFUSED,! but the request shows what we may expect to happen if navies alone are i reduced. Transference of armament j making to State control from priv- j ate control would do inert, in Labor's i eyes to stop the next war than perhaps any other single material action. But when all is said and done, is the only real determining factor in bringing about worfd peace or world war. And British policy at the moment is scarcely .encouraging i in this direction. j
Tyranny fin Egrypt At the very moment of Great Britain's official and sentimental welcome io Mr. Hughes' proposals towards naval disarmament, the negotiatioua for Br.tain's withdrawal from Egypt are on the point of breaking down. Even Adly Pasha, the leader'of a small super-moderate minority in Egypt, whose right to negotiate the mass of tho Egyptian people have denied all along, as he .does not represent their nationalist views, has been obliged to reject tho British terms, which include the retention of British garrisons in Egypt, practically until we choose to remove them although we r are pledged by the Agreement of 1882 to evacuate Egypt, and Lord Milner accepted this obligation in his admirable Report on Egypt two years ago. Labor, very naturally, ask,3 what is the us© of our sending delegates to Washington to talk peace when we provoke war in Egypt by holding by force what ought to have' been restored to the Egyptian people some years ago.
Labor Abroad Hi 3 faintly encouraging, meanwhile, to find Labor everywhere waking up to a sense of its power and of the enemies' that menace it In Czecho-Slovakia, organised Labor is fully aware, in spite of official denials, that the treaty just concluded between Prague and Warsaw is levelled against Soviet. Russia, and preparations are being made to resist the transport through Cz-echo-Slovakia of munitions intended for use by Poland against Russia. In Germany, where the Versailles Peace bids fair to cheat even the victors Of their spoils by throwing the whole nation into bankruptcy, th s Alliance of German Industries, under the leadership of Huco Stinnes, who is making large-fortunes jrat of cheap ana underfed 'German Labor, propose to save their country by taking over alt nationalised industries ana State servir-eii, running them as private trusts,, -tad compleleiy- destroying the worker.." eontroi 6$ industry so far >,m tula has bee;a e_»fcah-isi_B& sine** til*
German Revolution.' -German Labor is fully alive *& tftifr attempt j whether it can succeed in frustrating-it in face of the greed of those for-
ign powers who are thus forcing Germany into bankruptcy, remains to foe seen. Again, wfyat is the use of talking peac ft in Washington when Allied policy in Europe lays the seeds, of future wars? Fasoi-ii .Defeated In Italy, organised Labor has obtained a complete victory, by means of the general strike, over the Fascisti, the armed "volunteers" origin!ally used with the connivance of the j Government against Labor; and the remnant of their forces had to be conducted through Rome under police protection to the station, at the end of their annual congress which had brought them there, fully armed and aggressive towards the workers, five days before. In Russia," Lenin's fine statement on Soviet policy is as hon- est as the attacks. of his traducers are dishonest. He plainly admits that the Russian Government has had ito .retire from its extreme Commun-11st position owing to the refusal of the Western Governments to allow ithe. Russian experiment a fair chance, and that it has had to make j concessions to foreign capitalists and to its own traders and peasants. But the Russian Government survives and lis true to its Communist principles i and means to establish them when it can—those are the salient points to remember about what is called the I Soviet "compromise." And meanwhile I tlip Volga provinces are devastated iby famine, while Governments haggle over the debts of a past Russian tyranny.